Yosha, Yōṣā, Yoṣā: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Yosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Yōṣā and Yoṣā can be transliterated into English as Yosa or Yosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Yoṣā (योषा).—A woman; the word is used in the sense of feminine as applicable to gender.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yoṣā (योषा) refers to a “woman”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as Menā eulogised Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā):—“[...] The living beings are being united to the different principles of the nature of permanence and otherwise and those without substance are discarded. You are the inherent power of those permanent principles. In the proper time you become a woman [i.e., yoṣā] of ability with Yogic powers. You are the origin and the sustainer of the worlds. You are the eternal Prakṛti, the great, by whom even the Brahman is brought under control. O you, of noble nature, O mother, be pleased with me. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Yoṣā (योषा) refers to a “(charming) woman”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Again in the season of autumn will be found the blue and white lotus growing side by side, hovered over by beautiful lines of bees, tender creepers adding beauty to the scene; the season therefore resembles a charming woman [i.e., vidagdha-yoṣā] with blue eyes, fair face, black hair and thin brows. As if to view the beauty of the pure disc of her lord—the Moon, the summer lake opens at night her red lotus buds—her eyes of soft petals in which lie concealed the black bee serving as the pupil of the eye”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Yoṣā (योषा) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of Maṇḍalī-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—A number of different permutation and combination of herbs are prescribed as Lepa and Pāna for removing the poison of Maṇḍalī snakes.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse 9.75-77: “A paste prepared from the bark of Vacā and Śigru, leaves of Nandyāvarti and Vitāna, Turmeric, Tulasī, Yoṣā, one droṇa of long Turmeric, fresh Pānalakuṣṭha, Tamarind leaves, Pippalī, Siṃhāvalī, Sthirā or Śālaparṇi along with a khārī of rice must be applied thrice on the bite-wound. When the poison recedes, an ointment made out of the powdered bark of Akṣaphala and buttermilk must be applied”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yōṣā (योषा).—f S An adulteress.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yōṣā (योषा).—f An adulteress.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yoṣā (योषा).—f.,

-yoṣitā [Uṇādi-sūtra 1.97] A woman, a girl, young woman in general; गच्छन्तीनां रमणवसतिं योषितां तत्र नक्तम् (gacchantīnāṃ ramaṇavasatiṃ yoṣitāṃ tatra naktam) Meghadūta 39; Śiśupālavadha 4.42;8.25; योषा योषित् योषिता च जोषा जोषिच्च जोषिता (yoṣā yoṣit yoṣitā ca joṣā joṣicca joṣitā) Śabdaratnāvalī.

See also (synonyms): yoṣit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Yosa (योस).—(= Sanskrit yūṣa, Pali yūsa, AMg. jūsa), juice, sap: sāmagriye (mss. °yā) bhavati rasagandhayoso Mahāvastu i.298.1; note s, not ṣ. See jomā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣā (योषा).—f.

(-ṣā) A young women. E. yuṣ to serve, sautra root, casual form, affs. ac and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣā (योषा).—i. e. juṣ + a, f. A woman, Chr. 287, 5 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 5; Chr. 295, 11 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣā (योषा).—[feminine] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yoṣā (योषा):—[from yoṣaṇā] f. = yoṣaṇā, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([especially] applied to Uṣas; [according to] to [Sāyaṇa] also ‘a mare’)

2) [v.s. ...] (with dāru-mayī) a wooden doll, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yoṣā (योषा):—(ṣā) 1. f. A woman.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yosha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yoṣā (योषा):—(nf) a woman.

context information

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