Vitanda, Vitaṇḍā, Vitamda: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Vitanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vitanda in Nyaya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा) refers to “cavilling”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा, “cavilling”) refers to the twelfth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Valueless tarka is known as vitaṇḍā. It is also called to be a kind of debate in which the opponent does not try to establish his own opinion but only tries to refute the exponent’s view. In this vitaṇḍā each party–exponent or opponent–tries to win through refuting the other’s opinion. It is found in the Nyāyasūtra, that is called vitaṇḍā in which one does not try to determine his own opinion but attacks the opposite.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा) refers to a “controversial topic”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा):—Talk in which one cant establish his own view

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Vitanda [वितण्डा] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott from the Araceae (Arum) family having the following synonyms: Alocasia illustris, Alocasia dussii. For the possible medicinal usage of vitanda, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Vitanda [वितण्डा] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Vitanda [وتنڐا] in the Urdu language, ibid. previous identification.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vitanda in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vitaṇḍā, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. vitaṇḍā, e.g. Mbh 2, 1310; 7, 3022) tricky disputation, frivolous or captious discussion; in cpds. vitaṇḍa°: °vāda sophistry SnA 447; DA. I, 247; °vādin a sophist, arguer DhsA. 3 (so read for vidaḍḍha); VbhA. 9, 51, 319, 459. See lokāyata. (Page 620)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vitaṇḍa (वितंड).—a (S This word, from vi before taḍi To beat, has, in Sanskrit, various meanings, but, in Maraṭhi, it is confined to composition and with the words vāda, mata, bhāṣaṇa, kathā, pralāpa, bōlaṇēṃ, and, in this conjunction, in the sense of Hypercriticism, caviling, carping, idle confuting or objecting against, unprofitable and vexatious wrangling. The compounds vitaṇḍavyāpāra, vitaṇḍa- vyavahāra, and a few others have been heard, but they are not approved. In that conjunction vitaṇḍa may mean Beaten (i.e. done) contrarily, perversely, wrongly, fruitlessly, vainly. As abridged from vitaṇḍavāda, vitaṇḍa occurs alone as a noun masculine and also adverbially. Ex. bhārgava mhaṇē hēṃ vi0 || sītēvēgaḷēṃ ucalēnā ||.

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vitaṇḍā (वितंडा).—f S In logic. Refutation, confutation, subversion of the interpretation or the opinion of another.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vitaṇḍa (वितण्ड).—

1) An elephant.

2) A sort of lock or bolt.

Derivable forms: vitaṇḍaḥ (वितण्डः).

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Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा).—

1) A captious objection, idle carping a frivolous or fallacious argument or controversy one of the sixteen padārthas or categories in Nyāya philosophy); स (sa) (jalpaḥ) प्रतिपक्षस्थापनाहीनो वितण्डा (pratipakṣasthāpanāhīno vitaṇḍā) Gaut. S.

2) Wrangling, captious criticism in general.

3) A spoon, ladle.

4) Benzoin.

5) The oleander plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vitaṇḍa (वितण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A sort of lock or bolt with three divisions or wards. 2. An elephant. f.

(-ṇḍā) 1. Controversy, argument, the subversion of another’s opinion or interpretation and establishment of one’s own. 2. Criticism. 3. An esculent root, (Arum colocasia.) 4. Benzoin or styrax. 5. The Oleander plant, (Nerium odorum.) 6. A ladle, a spoon. E. vi before, taḍi to beat, affs. ac and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा).—f. 1. Controversy. 2. Criticism, Windischmann, Sancara, 96. 3. A ladle. 4. The name of two plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vitaṇḍa (वितण्ड):—[=vi-taṇḍa] [from vi-taḍ] m. ([probably] connected with [preceding]) a sort of lock or bolt with three divisions or wards, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] an elephant, [ib.]

3) Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा):—[=vi-taṇḍā] [from vi-taṇḍa > vi-taḍ] f. cavil, captious objection, fallacious controversy, perverse or frivolous argument ([especially] in Nyāya, ‘idly carping at the arguments or assertions of another without attempting to prove the opposite side of the question’ cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 64]), [Nyāyasūtra] (-tva n. [Scholiast or Commentator]), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] criticism, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a ladle, spoon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Arum Colocasia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] = karavīrī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] = śilāhvaya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vitaṇḍa (वितण्ड):—[vi-taṇḍa] (ṇḍaḥ) 1. m. A lock or bolt with three wards; an elephant. f. Refutation; controversy; an esculent root; ladle or spoon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vitanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vitanda in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vitanda in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) perverse argumentation, ungainly controversy; ~[vada] arguing for the sake of argument, perverse argumentation, ungainly controversy; hence ~[vadi] (a, nm); —[khada karana] to raise an ungainly controversy..—vitanda (वितंडा) is alternatively transliterated as Vitaṃḍā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vitaṃḍa (ವಿತಂಡ):—

1) [noun] a frivolous, perverse, illogical argument.

2) [noun] the quality of being worthless, useless, insignificant; worthlessness; hollowness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vitaṇḍā (वितण्डा):—n. 1. captious or perverse criticism; 2. pointless or frivolous controversy; 3. wrangle;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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