Vitala, Vitāla: 12 definitions



Vitala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of The Seven Lower Worlds.—Vitala: the Patāka hand twisted downwards is applicable.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vitala (वितल).—A part of Pātāla (underworld). (For details see under Pātāla).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vitala (वितल).—A thigh of the personified Lord: an under-world Here Śiva resides with Pārvatī under the name of Hāṭakeśvara. The place is noted for hāṭaka gold with which the asura ladies of the place make ornaments.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 27; 5. 40; V. 24. 7 and 17.

1b) Red earth; here are cities of Prahlāda. Anuhlāda. etc;1 a region of Pātāla.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 11. 15. 25-30.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 2-3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṭāḷa (विटाळ).—m (vīṭa) Impurity or uncleanness as subsisting in certain persons, animals, and things, and communicable by them through contact. 2 Pollution or defilement arising from contact with such subject. Pr. mahāra mēlā viṭāḷa phiṭalā. 3 The menstrual discharge. 4 Humorously. The impurity consisting in, or arising to the possessor of, wealth, wisdom, learning, talent &c. Said with reference to the absence or lack of these good things; as (malā &c.) paiśācā -buddhīcā -jñānācā -cāturyācā -saṃsārācā viṭāḷa āhē (I &c.) abhor money, wisdom &c., I shrink from the pollution of it; i. e. I have none. vi0 kālaviṇēṃ To communicate to all around some ceremonial impurity (as by concealing the fact of one's own impurity, and continuing the ordinary intercourse).

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vitala (वितल).—n S The second in descent below the earth of the seven divisions of Patal (the inframundane regions).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viṭāḷa (विटाळ).—m Impurity, pollution. The men- strual discharge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vitala (वितल).—The second of the seven lower regions under the earth; see पाताल (pātāla) or लोक (loka).

Derivable forms: vitalam (वितलम्).

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Vitāla (विताल).—a. Breaking time (in music).

-laḥ Wrong time.

-lī An instrument for beating time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vitala (वितल).—n.

(-laṃ) One of the seven divisions of Patala, the second in descent below the earth. E. vi before, tal to be low, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vitala (वितल).—n. one of the seven hells.

Vitala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and tala (तल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vitala (वितल).—[neuter] a cert. hell.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vitala (वितल):—[=vi-tala] [from vi] n. Name of one of the seven hells, [Āruṇeya-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. pātāla)

2) [v.s. ...] depth of hell, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

3) Vitāla (विताल):—[=vi-tāla] [from vi] mfn. (in music) breaking time, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

4) [v.s. ...] m. wrong time or measure, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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