Vitapa, Viṭapa: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Vitapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Viṭapa (विटप) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā. When affected severely, these marmas causes death. The commonly accepted number of marmas in the human body, as described in the Suśruta-saṃhita, is 107 divided into 5 categories: the muscular, vascular, ligament, bone and joints.

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāgbhaṭa is a classical Sanskrit treatise dealing with Āyurveda dating from the 6th-century. Together with the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhita, it is considered one of the three main Indian medical classics

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Viṭapa (विटप) refers to the “branches” of a tree or a creeper, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Viṭapa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Viṭapa (विटप):—Plant

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Viṭapa (विटप) is another name for Ādityapatra, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Helianthus annuus Linn. or “common sunflower” from the Asteraceae or “aster” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.173-174 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Viṭapa and Ādityapatra, there are a total of eleven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viṭapa (विटप) refers to the “suspended branches” (i.e., of a tree), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.40.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] after going beyond Alakā, the capital of the king of Yakṣas and the Saugandhika park, they saw the fig-tree of Śiva. The fig tree had steady shade all round. It had a number of suspended branches (i.e., viṭapa) without hanging roots. Its height was a hundred Yojanas. It had no nests on it. It afforded protection from heat. It was the place where Śiva practised Yoga. It was divine. It was resorted to by other Yogins. It was great and excellent. It could be seen only by the excessively meritorious persons. It was beautiful and sacred”.

Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Viṭapa (विटप) refers to “trees”, as mentioned in the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 3.73.—Accordingly, as Kabandha extols Pampa Lake to Rāma: “[...] In there, the trees bear enormous branches (mahā-viṭapa-dhārin) which will be crouching under the weight of their own fruits, and everywhere such trees will be shining forth like shiny clouds and shining mountains. Let Lakshmana present those ambrosial fruits to you either by climbing up those trees to pluck them, or else by pelting them to ground, according to his convenience. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Viṭapa (विटप) refers to the “great tree (of transmigration)”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.114.—Accordingly, “The great tree of transmigration (saṃsāra-viṭapa) has arisen from the seed of desire. After cutting the tree with the axe of indifference, whose sharp blade is disattachment, they proceed on the Atimārga”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Viṭapa (विटप) refers to “thickets (of trees)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, “[Then through the main entrance (of Caṇḍikā), the temple yard:] Her courtyard was adorned with thickets of red aśoka trees (raktāśoka-viṭapa), the spaces between the branches of which were made gapless by flocks of perching red cockerels, [trees] which appeared to reveal unseasonal clusters of blooms in their fear”

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Viṭapa.—(IE 8-5), a bush; used in sa-jhāṭa-viṭapa; a branch. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. V, p. 183. Note: viṭapa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viṭapa : (m.) a branch; fork of a tree; the roots descending from branches.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viṭapa, (cp. Epic Sk. viṭapa) the fork of a tree, a branch J. I, 169, 215, 222; III, 28; VI, 177 (nigrodha°). (Page 620)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṭapa (विटप).—m S A tree. Ex. sumanasambhāra tē avasarīṃ || vi0 varṣiti ayōdhyēvarīṃ ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—[viṭaṃ vistāraṃ vā pāti pibati pā° ka Tv.]

1) A branch, bough (of a creeper or tree). कोमलविटपानुकारिणौ बाहू (komalaviṭapānukāriṇau bāhū) Ś.1.21,31; यदनेन तरुर्न पातितः क्षपिता तद्विटपाश्रिता लता (yadanena tarurna pātitaḥ kṣapitā tadviṭapāśritā latā) R.8.47; Śiśupālavadha 4.48; Kumārasambhava 6.41.

2) A bush.

3) A new shoot or sprout; व्रज विटपममुं ददस्व तस्यै (vraja viṭapamamuṃ dadasva tasyai) Śiśupālavadha 7.53.

4) A cluster, clump, thicket.

5) Extension.

6) The septum of the scrotum.

7) A creeper (latā); यो विस्फुरद्भ्रूविटपेन भूमेर्भारं कृतान्तेन तिरश्चकार (yo visphuradbhrūviṭapena bhūmerbhāraṃ kṛtāntena tiraścakāra) Bhāgavata 3.2.18.

Derivable forms: viṭapaḥ (विटपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—(m.; in Sanskrit branch, also foliage; Sanskrit °paka and °pin,—tree; compare AMg. viḍava, defined vṛkṣa vistāra, tree-spread? [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary]), tree, in bodhi-viṭapa, = °druma etc.: °pāc cāletu kampetu (inf.) vā Lalitavistara 283.21 (verse); °pe upaviṣṭu (ppp.) guṇodadhiḥ 293.8 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—mn.

(-paḥ-paṃ) 1. The branch of a tree or creeper with its new sprout or shoot. 2. A new shoot. 3. A branch. 4. Expansion, spreading. 5. A clump, a cluster. 6. A bush. 7. The perinæum or septum of the scrotum. m.

(-paḥ) The keeper of pathics. E. viṭa a branch, &c., and to cherish, aff. ka; or viṭ to sound, Unadi aff. apa, with the radical vowel unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—I. m. and n. 1. The branch of a tree with its new sprout. 2. A branch, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 59, 2; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 18. 3. A new shoot, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 101. 4. A bush. 5. A bunch, a cluster, a tuft. 6. A thicket, [Pañcatantra] 184, 21. 7. Spreading, expansion. 8. The septum of the scrotum. Ii. m., i. e. viṭa-pa, The keeper of catamites.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—[masculine] branch, twig, bush.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṭapa (विटप):—[=viṭa-pa] [from viṭa > viṭ] 1. viṭa-pa m. (for 2. See below) a keeper of catamites, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) 2. viṭapa mn. ([gana] ardharcādi; of doubtful derivation [according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 145] [from] √viṭ; for 1. viṭa-pa See under viṭa), the young branch of a tree or creeper, twig, sprout, shoot, bough, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) a bush, shrub, cluster, thicket, tuft, [ib.]

4) expansion, spreading, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the perinaeum or the septum of the scrotum, [Suśruta]

6) m. Name of a man [gana] śivādi = viṭa or viṭādhipa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप):—[(paḥ-paṃ)] 1. m. n. The branch of a tree with its offshoot; ex- pansion; a cluster; the perinæum. m. A keeper of catamites.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viṭapa (विटप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viḍava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vitapa in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप) [Also spelled vitap]:—(nm) a tree.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viṭapa (ವಿಟಪ):—

1) [noun] a new branch or twig of a tree.

2) [noun] a low, woody plant with several permanent stems instead of a single trunk; a bush; a shrub.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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