Vitapa, Viṭapa: 12 definitions

Introduction

Vitapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Viṭapa (विटप) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā. When affected severely, these marmas causes death. The commonly accepted number of marmas in the human body, as described in the Suśruta-saṃhita, is 107 divided into 5 categories: the muscular, vascular, ligament, bone and joints.

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāgbhaṭa is a classical Sanskrit treatise dealing with Āyurveda dating from the 6th-century. Together with the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhita, it is considered one of the three main Indian medical classics

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Viṭapa (विटप) refers to the “branches” of a tree or a creeper, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Viṭapa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Viṭapa.—(IE 8-5), a bush; used in sa-jhāṭa-viṭapa; a branch. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. V, p. 183. Note: viṭapa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viṭapa : (m.) a branch; fork of a tree; the roots descending from branches.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viṭapa, (cp. Epic Sk. viṭapa) the fork of a tree, a branch J. I, 169, 215, 222; III, 28; VI, 177 (nigrodha°). (Page 620)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṭapa (विटप).—m S A tree. Ex. sumanasambhāra tē avasarīṃ || vi0 varṣiti ayōdhyēvarīṃ ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—[viṭaṃ vistāraṃ vā pāti pibati pā° ka Tv.]

1) A branch, bough (of a creeper or tree). कोमलविटपानुकारिणौ बाहू (komalaviṭapānukāriṇau bāhū) Ś.1.21,31; यदनेन तरुर्न पातितः क्षपिता तद्विटपाश्रिता लता (yadanena tarurna pātitaḥ kṣapitā tadviṭapāśritā latā) R.8.47; Śi.4.48; Ku.6.41.

2) A bush.

3) A new shoot or sprout; व्रज विटपममुं ददस्व तस्यै (vraja viṭapamamuṃ dadasva tasyai) Śi.7.53.

4) A cluster, clump, thicket.

5) Extension.

6) The septum of the scrotum.

7) A creeper (latā); यो विस्फुरद्भ्रूविटपेन भूमेर्भारं कृतान्तेन तिरश्चकार (yo visphuradbhrūviṭapena bhūmerbhāraṃ kṛtāntena tiraścakāra) Bhāg.3.2.18.

Derivable forms: viṭapaḥ (विटपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—(m.; in Sanskrit branch, also foliage; Sanskrit °paka and °pin,—tree; compare AMg. viḍava, defined vṛkṣa vistāra, tree-spread? Ratnach.), tree, in bodhi-viṭapa, = °druma etc.: °pāc cāletu kampetu (inf.) vā LV 283.21 (verse); °pe upaviṣṭu (ppp.) guṇodadhiḥ 293.8 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭapa (विटप).—mn.

(-paḥ-paṃ) 1. The branch of a tree or creeper with its new sprout or shoot. 2. A new shoot. 3. A branch. 4. Expansion, spreading. 5. A clump, a cluster. 6. A bush. 7. The perinæum or septum of the scrotum. m.

(-paḥ) The keeper of pathics. E. viṭa a branch, &c., and to cherish, aff. ka; or viṭ to sound, Unadi aff. apa, with the radical vowel unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṭapa (विटप):—[=viṭa-pa] [from viṭa > viṭ] 1. viṭa-pa m. (for 2. See below) a keeper of catamites, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) 2. viṭapa mn. ([gana] ardharcādi; of doubtful derivation [according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 145] [from] √viṭ; for 1. viṭa-pa See under viṭa), the young branch of a tree or creeper, twig, sprout, shoot, bough, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) a bush, shrub, cluster, thicket, tuft, [ib.]

4) expansion, spreading, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the perinaeum or the septum of the scrotum, [Suśruta]

6) m. Name of a man [gana] śivādi = viṭa or viṭādhipa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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