Vitana, aka: Vitāna, Vitānā; 11 Definition(s)


Vitana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Vitāna (वितान, “canopy”):—The Aparājitapṛcchā divides vitāna primarily into four varieties:—

  1. padma,
  2. nābhichanda,
  3. sabhā-mārga
  4. and mandāraka.
Source: Google Books: Aparājitapṛcchā, a Critical Study
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vitana in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vitāna (वितान).—A Sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 44.

2) Vitānā (विताना).—The mother of Bṛhadbhānu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 35.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Vitāna (वितान, “ceiling”).—The ceilings of the temples are covered by the slabs, dressed on the lower portion and the sides, while they are undressed on the outer part.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Vitāna (वितान) refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the vitāna metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Vitāna.—(SII 13), probably, a canopy. Note: vitāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vitana in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vitāna : (nt.) a canopy.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vitāna, (m. & nt.) (fr. vi+tan) spread-out, canopy, awning Vin. IV, 279; J. I, 40, 62, 83; DhA. II, 42; SnA 447; VvA. 32, 173; PvA. 154. See also cela°. (Page 620)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vitāna (वितान).—n S An awning or a canopy; a ceiling or a large cloth stretched over.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vitāna (वितान).—a.

1) Vacant, empty.

2) Pithless.

3) Dismayed, sad; क्षितिपतिमण्डलमन्यतो वितानम् (kṣitipatimaṇḍalamanyato vitānam) R.6.86.

4) Dull, stupid.

5) Wicked, abandoned.

-naḥ, -nam 1 Spreading out, expansion, extension; ब्रह्मावर्ते यत्र यजन्ति यज्ञै- र्यज्ञेश्वरं यज्ञवितानविज्ञाः (brahmāvarte yatra yajanti yajñai- ryajñeśvaraṃ yajñavitānavijñāḥ) Bhāg.1.17.33; विलुलितकमलौघः कीर्ण- वल्लीवितानः (vilulitakamalaughaḥ kīrṇa- vallīvitānaḥ) Śi.11.28; Ki.7.19.

2) An awning, a canopy; विद्युलेखाकनकरुचिरं श्रीवितानं ममाभ्रम् (vidyulekhākanakaruciraṃ śrīvitānaṃ mamābhram) V.4.13; R.19. 39; Ki.3.42; Śi.3.5.

3) A cushion.

4) A collection, quantity, an assmblage; प्रस्तारस्थगिता इवोन्मुखमणि- ज्योतिर्वितानैर्दिशः (prastārasthagitā ivonmukhamaṇi- jyotirvitānairdiśaḥ) Māl.6.5; Ki.17.61.

5) A sacrifice, an oblation; वितानेष्वप्येवं तव मम च सोमे विधिरभूत् (vitāneṣvapyevaṃ tava mama ca some vidhirabhūt) Ve.6.3; 3.16; Śi.14.1.

6) The sacrificial hearth or altar.

7) Season, opportunity.

8) Plenty, abundance.

9) Performance, accomplishment.

-nam 1 Leisure, rest.

2) A dual part of the elephant's head to which the hook is applied; Mātaṅga L.12.19.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vitāna (वितान).—nt., woof: Mvy 7520 = Tibetan spun. Contrasted with ātāna, q.v.; nowhere recorded in this sense. See also mahāvitānadharma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vitāna (वितान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Empty, pithless, sapless. 2. Empty, vacant. 3. Dull, stupid. 4. Wicked, abandoned. mn.

(-naḥ-naṃ) 1. Spreading, expansion. 2. An awning, a canopy. 3. Sacrifice, offering, oblation. 4. The sacrificial hearth or hole in which the sacred fires are kept. 5. A heap, a quantity. 6. Season, opportunity. n.

(-naṃ) 1. A form of the Anusht'ubh metre or verse of four lines of eight syllables each; each line of the stanza named Vitana consists of two Iambics, one Trochee, and one Spondee. 3. Leisure, rest, interval of occupation. E. vi before, tan to spread, aff. ghañ .

--- OR ---

Vītana (वीतन).—m. Du. (-nī) The sides of cartilages of the larynx. E. vi + tan-acpṛṣo0 dīrgha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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