Virajita, Virājita, Vīrajita, Virājitā: 15 definitions


Virajita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Virajita in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vīrajita (वीरजित) is the son of Saṅgrāmavarṣa, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 54. Accordingly, as Samaratuṅga said to Naravāhanadatta“... prince, my relation Saṅgrāmavarṣa has ravaged my territory, with the help of his four sons, Vīrajita, and the others. So I will go myself and bring them all five here as prisoners. Let my lord know this”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Saṅgrāmavarṣa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Virajita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Virājita (विराजित) refers to “that which has a comely appearance”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] Her two breasts resembling lotus-buds were stout, plump and firm. Her waist was slender and the curly locks of her hair shone well. Her feet resembled the land-lotus and were comely in appearance [i.e., virājita]. She was competent to shake the minds of even the sages deeply engrossed in meditation, even at the very sight. She was a crest-jewel of all the maidens in the world”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Virājita (विराजित) refers to “shining”, according to the Kulakaulinīmata.—Accordingly, “The goddess in the middle is (red) like vermillion and the Javā and Bandhūka flower. She is charming and beautiful. Auspicious, she holds a flower bow and arrows, noose and goad. Her topknot is red and she holds a bowl and a citron. She is joyful with the bliss of wine. She wears red clothes and has long red eyes. (Her) lips are (like) a flaming red lotus and she shines with red flowers (raktapuṣpa-virājita). She is the mother (who makes people) passionate with attachment and she colours this universe (with desire). Kāma, along with spring, resides in the Nanda forest. The (spring) breezes are close to him, in front and behind”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Virajita in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Virājita (विराजित) refers to “handsome-looking birds”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “Finding the birds healthy and well-developed by the use of the tonic medicines mentioned above, and when they look beautiful with their fresh-grown feathers and handsome (virājita) with their wings which shine like sapphire, when they look charming with feathers on their breast looking like pearls, [...] their owner should then call them on auspicious day. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Virājitā (विराजिता) refers to “being resplendent” (with a halo of fire), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] Sixteen [offerings] are performed by goddesses—[this is] the offering to the four layers [...] Outside, there are eight charnel grounds and gatekeepers in order. [...] The color and other [physical features] are as before. [Every goddess is] very violent, with their mouth widely open, and is resplendent (virājitā) with a halo of fire. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Virajita in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

virājita : (pp. of virājati) shone.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Virājita, 2 (pp. of Caus. of virājati) shining out, resplendent J. II, 33 (mora ... suratta-rāji-virājita here perhaps =streaked?). Cp. virāgita. (Page 634)

2) Virājita, 1 (pp. of virājeti) cleansed, discarded as rāga, given up S. IV, 158 (dosa); J. III, 404 (=pahīna C.). (Page 634)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

virājita (विराजित).—a Glaring with splendour; fine.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virājita (विराजित).—p. p.

1) Irradiated, illuminated.

2) Displayed, manifested.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virājita (विराजित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Illuminated, irradicated, splendid. 2. Manifested, made visible. E. vi before rāj to shine, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Virājita (विराजित):—[=vi-rājita] [from vi-rāja > vi-rāj] mfn. eminent, illustrious, brilliant, splendid, glorious, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

2) Vīrajita (वीरजित):—[=vīra-jita] [from vīra > vīr] m. Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virājita (विराजित):—[vi-rājita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Illuminated; splendid; manifested.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Virājita (विराजित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Virāia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Virajita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Virājita (ವಿರಾಜಿತ):—[adjective] shining brightly; brilliant; splendid.

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Virājita (ವಿರಾಜಿತ):—

1) [noun] that which is brilliant, splendid.

2) [noun] a man who looks very bright, brilliant.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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