Shadanga, Ṣaḍaṅga, Shash-anga: 12 definitions

Introduction

Shadanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍaṅga can be transliterated into English as Sadanga or Shadanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shadanga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग) or Ṣaḍaṅgamantra is the name of a mantra that is chanted during Dhārāpūjā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“ after performing the regular worship of Śiva, with great devotion in accordance with prescribed rules, the devotees shall pour water in a continuous stream (jaladhārā). This Dhārā worship [viz., Dhārāpūjā] is very efficacious in delirium due to fever (jvarapralāpa). At that time [...] Ṣaḍaṅga-mantra, [... etc.,] shall be repeated. The Dhārā worship [viz., Dhārāpūjā] is very excellent in regard to flourishing series of pleasures. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग).—The six limbs of the state including the king who must protect it with great care.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 220. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 293; 99. 39.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shadanga or sadanga in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Ṣaḍaṅga (“six limbs”).—Dramatic performance in its entirety relates to the six limbs including the major and the minor ones.

The six major limbs (aṅga) are

  1. head (śiras),
  2. hands (hasta),
  3. breast (uras),
  4. sides (pārśva),
  5. waist (kaṭi),
  6. and feet (pāda).

The six minor limbs (upāṅga) are

  1. eyes (netra),
  2. eyebrows (bhrū),
  3. nose (nāsā),
  4. lower lip (adhara),
  5. cheek (kapola),
  6. and chin (cibuka).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of shadanga or sadanga in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग) is another name for Kṣudragokṣura, a medicinal plant related with Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris Linn.), according to verse 4.40-43 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Gokṣura is of two kinds i.e. with smaller and bigger fruits. Both these species have more than three spikes. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Ṣaḍaṅga and Kṣudragokṣura, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

ṣaḍaṅga refers to a medicinal recipe mentioned in the Kaṣāyakhaṇḍa (verse 1.5) of the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Kaṣāyakhaṇḍa [mentioning ṣaḍaṅga] deals with decoctions (kaṣāya) and gruels (peyas) administered to patients suffering from a variety of conditions (viz., alcoholism, vomiting, syncope, burning sensations, etc.).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of shadanga or sadanga in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṣaḍaṅga (षडंग).—n S (ṣaṣ & aṅga) The six parts of the body; viz. the two arms, the two legs, the head, the waist. 2 The six supplementary parts of the Vedas; viz. grammar, prosody, astronomy, pronunciation, the meaning of unusual terms, and the ritual of the Hindu religion (vyākaraṇa, chanda, jyōtiṣa, nirukti, kalpasūtra, śikṣā).

--- OR ---

ṣaḍaṅga (षडंग).—a S Having six limbs or members. 2 Having six parts, constituents, or components.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaḍaṅga (षडंग).—n The six parts of the body. The six supplementary parts of the vēda, vyākaraṇa, chanda &c. a Having six limbs or parts.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of shadanga or sadanga in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग).—(misprinted Saḍ°), name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 246.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) 1. Having six limbs or members. 2. Having six parts, six ingredients, &c. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Six parts of the body collectively; as the two arms, two legs, and the head and waist. 2. The six supplementary parts of the Vedas or grammar, prosody, astronomy, pronunciation, the meaning of unusual terms, and the ritual of the Hindu religion. E. ṣaṣ six, and aṅga a limb or part.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग).—1. [neuter] the six limbs or appendages of the Veda, i.e. the six Vedāṅgas.

--- OR ---

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग).—2. [adjective] having six limbs or six Vedāṅgas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Verses taken from the Vājasaneyisaṃhitā and divided into eight adhyāyās, including as a principal part the Rudrādhyāya. These mantras were used at the bathing of an image of Śiva. Paris. (D 10. 24). Ben. 9. 10. Rādh. 2 (and—[commentary]). Peters. 2, 170.
—[commentary] Oudh. Xvi, 22.
—[commentary] Rūpākhyaṣaḍaṅga by Bhaktarāma. Kāśīn. 4.
—[commentary] by Mahīdhara. B. 1, 130. Oudh. Iii, 8. Bhr. 113.

Ṣaḍaṅga has the following synonyms: Ṣaḍaṅgarudra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग):—[=ṣaḍ-aṅga] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] n. sg. the six principal parts of the body (viz. the two arms, two legs, head, and waist), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] six auspicious things id est. the six things obtained from a cow (go-mūtraṃ go-mayaṃ kṣīram, sarpir dadhi ca rocanā), [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] the six limbs or works auxiliary to the Veda, six Vedāṅgas, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] any set of six articles, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] = -rudra (q.v.)

6) [=ṣaḍ-aṅga] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] mfn. six-limbed, having six parts, [Brāhmaṇa; Amṛtabindu-upaniṣad; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] having six Vedāṅgas, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Āpastamba; Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of Asteracantha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shadanga or sadanga in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: