Vajana, aka: Vājana; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Vājana (वाजन) refers to a “fillet” or “strip” (flat and rectilinear, bigger than kampa). It is classified as a type of upāṅga (sub-moulds) as opposed to regular mouldings (aṃśa) commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭhāna (pedestal or base of a structure) or an upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Vājana (वाजन).—A part (compound moulding) of the prastara, or ‘entablature’;—Vājana is a type of string course decorated/moulded with different types of faunal/decorative motifs. Vājana corresponds to the slab that is kept as a facia to the slabs that binds the two layers of wall together at the apex. Vājana is the term, which seems to have been derived from the word “vāja” (Sanskrit) meaning strength/energy. Therefore, vājana is the slab that brings strength to the two layers of walls of the temple making them join at the apex.

The synonyms of vājana are ādhāra, ādheya, mahātaula, uttara, uddhṛta and mūrdhaka. This is also defined as “pracchādanasyamāsyam” meaning ‘the face of the roof slab’.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vajana (वजन).—n ( A) Weight, heaviness, gravity. 2 A mass by which as a standard the weight of bodies is determined, a weight. 3 fig. Weight, influence, authority, importance. See kimata. vajana karaṇēṃ To weigh.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vajana (वजन).—n Weight. Fig. Influence. vajana karaṇēṃ Weigh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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