Svajana, Sva-jana: 16 definitions


Svajana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swajan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svajana (स्वजन) refers to “one’s own people”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] thus eulogised by the Gods, the Goddess Durgā, the mother of the universe, the destroyer of impassable distress, appeared in front of them. [...] She was the mother of the three deities, Caṇḍī, Śivā, the destroyer of the distress of all, the mother of all supreme slumber and the redeemer of all her own people (i.e., svajana-tārin)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Svajana (स्वजन) refers to “one’s relations”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] The evils of bad dreams, of sad thoughts, of ill omens and of evil deeds and the like will vanish immediately when one hears of the moon’s motion among the stars. Neither the father nor the mother nor the relations [i.e., svajana] nor friends of a prince will desire so much his well being and that of his subjects as a true Jyotiṣaka”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Svajana (स्वजन) refers to “one’s own people”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.101cd-105ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“[...] [The Mantrin] should worship [Amṛteśa] to benefit Brahmins, cows, his own protection, and [the king’s] own people (svajana), offering abundant oblations at home on the ninth day [of the light half of the month] Mahānavamī. As said before, [this brings] long life, freedom from disease, and perfect health”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Svajana (स्वजन) refers to “one’s kinsmen”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] When 1,008 recitations have been made, all great Nāga kings are subdued. They will always appear. They will always provide all that is wished for. They accomplish everything in detail. All retinues of kinsmen (sarva-svajana-parivāra) with children and grandchildren are subdued. They do everything that is desired. They guard him as if it were their own home”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Svajana (स्वजन) refers to “relations”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The meeting of beloved women is like a city in the sky. Youth or wealth is like a mass of clouds. Relations (svajana), children and bodies, etc. are perishable as lightning. You must understand that the whole action of the cycle of rebirth is thus momentary”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svajana (स्वजन).—m (S) svajanī f S A person of one's own family or kin.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svajana (स्वजन).—m-f A person of one's own family.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svajana (स्वजन).—

1) a kinsman, relative; इतःप्रत्यादेशात् स्वजनमनुगन्तुं व्यवसिता (itaḥpratyādeśāt svajanamanugantuṃ vyavasitā) Ś. 6.8; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.5.

2) one's own people or kindred, one's household. °गन्धिन् (gandhin) a. distantly related to. (svajanāyate Den. P. 'becomes or is treated as a relation'; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.5.)

Derivable forms: svajanaḥ (स्वजनः).

Svajana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and jana (जन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svajana (स्वजन).—m.

(-naḥ) A distant kinsman. E. sva own, jana man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svajana (स्वजन).—m. 1. a kinsman. 2. family, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 19; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 24.

Svajana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and jana (जन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svajana (स्वजन).—[masculine] one’s own man, (coll.) people or kindred.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svajana (स्वजन):—[=sva-jana] [from sva] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a man of o°’s own people, kinsman

2) [v.s. ...] o°’s own people, own kindred, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (often confounded with su-j)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svajana (स्वजन):—[sva-jana] (naḥ) 1. m. A kinsman.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svajana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svajana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svajana (स्वजन) [Also spelled swajan]:—(nm) kith and kin, kinsfolk.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svajana (ಸ್ವಜನ):—

1) [noun] elatives; family; kinfolk; kindred; kin.

2) [noun] a relative; a kinsman.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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