Vairata, Vairāṭa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vairata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vairāṭa (वैराट) refers to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey of any building), according to the Śilparatna (32.6), the Mayamata (18.14), the Kamikāgama (57.8) and the Īśānaśiva (32-70).

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vairāṭa (वैराट).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 96, Verse 26, that this Vairāṭa was killed in the battle of Bhārata by Bhīmasena.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vairāṭa (वैराट).—a Relating to virāṭ the great offspring of Brahma (magnum Jovis incrementum) and mighty monarch. Applied now to the town and district of vāṃyīṃ. Pr. vāṃyīṃ vairāṭa bōlī sairāṭa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vairāṭa (वैराट).—a. (-ṭī f.) [विराटस्येदम् अण् (virāṭasyedam aṇ)]

1) Belonging to Virāṭa.

2) Woundless; वैराटपृष्ठमुक्षाणम् (vairāṭapṛṣṭhamukṣāṇam) Mb.13.79.21 (com. rāṭaṃ kṣataṃ vigataṃ rāṭaṃ yasmāttadvirāṭaṃ svārthe taddhitaḥ); (fig.) old (vṛddha).

-ṭaḥ A kind of earth-worm (indragopa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vairāṭa (वैराट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) An earth-worm. E. vi before rāj to shine, aff. kvip, aṇ added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vairāṭa (वैराट).—[adjective] relating to or descended from Virāṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vairatā (वैरता):—[=vaira-tā] [from vaira] f. enmity, hostility, [Mahābhārata]

2) Vairaṭa (वैरट):—m. Name of a king, [Inscriptions]

3) Vairata (वैरत):—m. [plural] ([probably] [from] vi-rata) Name of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) Vairāṭa (वैराट):—mfn. ([from] vināṭa) relating or belonging to Virāṭa (king of the [Matsyasūkta’s Śabdakalpadruma]), [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) m. [patronymic] [from] virāṭa, [Mahābhārata]

6) a kind of precious stone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) a lady-bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) an earth-worm, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) a [particular] colour or an object of a [particular] colour, [Mahābhārata]

10) Name of a country, [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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