Anatha, Anātha: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Anatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anath.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Anātha (अनाथ) refers to “(being) without lord” and is used to describe Kaula, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, [while expounding Kaula and the Nine Kaulas]—“Devoid of (phenomenal) being, without lord (anātha), I praise Kaula, which is ever manifest. Free of Dharma and Adharma, liberation and bondage, I praise Kaula; non-dual, omnipresent and eternal, it is (both) supreme (transcendent) and inferior (immanent)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anātha (अनाथ) refers to the “helpless”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.19 (“Jalandhara’s emissary to Śiva”).—Accordingly, after Rāhu spoke to Śiva: “On hearing the words of the brahmin, the great lord, favourite of the distressed and helpless [e.g., anātha-priya], spoke to his Gaṇa.—‘Leave off this brahmin Rāhu, the emissary who has sought refuge. O excellent Gaṇa, those who seek shelter shall be protected, not punished’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha of thirty one kappas ago. Uddalapupphiya Thera, in a previous birth, offered him an uddala flower. Ap.i.288.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Anātha (अनाथ) is the name of a Bodhisattva mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Anātha).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Anātha (अनाथ) refers to the “helpless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That very same doctrine, which is devoted to the helpless (anātha-vatsala), is a preceptor and a friend, and the doctrine is a master and a brother. It is a protector without a motive. This doctrine saves the three worlds [from] sinking into the pit of hell. Also, it confers happiness beyond the senses for corporeal [souls]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Anātha (अनाथ) in Sanskrit refers to the Prakrit Aṇāha (Cf. Aṇāhamaṇḍava—“poor homes”), as mentioned in the Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] On page 55.11 f., there is a description of poor home (aṇāha-maṇḍava) in the city of Mathurā. In its population there was a sprinkling of disabled persons: [...]

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anātha : (adj.) miserable; helpless; destitute.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anātha (अनाथ).—a (S) That is without a master or protector; forlorn, friendless, destitute. Ex. mī a0 nirāśraya saṃsārī || apaṅgahī asē sarvāpari || anāthanātha Friend of the friendless. anāthabandhu Brother of the destitute; protector of the helpless. anāthapālana, anāthapūjā, anāthabhōjana, anātha- samācāra, anāthasēvā, anāthavatsala &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anātha (अनाथ).—a Friendless, helpless, forlorn, destitute. anāthanātha Friend of the friendless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—a. [na. ba.] Helpless, poor, forlorn, parentless, orphan (as a child); widowed (as a wife); having no master or natural protector, without a protector in general; नाथवन्तस्त्वया लोकास्त्वमनाथा विपत्स्यसे (nāthavantastvayā lokāstvamanāthā vipatsyase) Uttararāmacarita 1.43; R. 12.12.

-tham Ved. Helplessness. किं भ्रातासद्यदनाथं भवाति (kiṃ bhrātāsadyadanāthaṃ bhavāti) | Ṛgveda 1.1.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—mfn.

(-thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) Without a master or protector, without a husband, &c. E. a neg. nātha master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—adj., f. thā, having no protector, helpless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 23, 21.

Anātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and nātha (नाथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—1. [adjective] having no protector, helpless.

--- OR ---

Anātha (अनाथ).—2. [neuter] helplessness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anātha (अनाथ):—[=a-nātha] mf(ā)n. having no master or protector

2) [v.s. ...] widowed

3) [v.s. ...] fatherless

4) [v.s. ...] helpless, poor

5) [v.s. ...] n. want of a protector, helplessness, [Ṛg-veda x, 10, 11.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-thaḥ-thā-tham) 1) Without a lord or protector (as an orphan, one without a sapiṇḍa (q. v.) &c.), without a master.

2) Helpless, poor. E. a priv. and nātha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ):—[anā+tha] (thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) a. Destitute, widowed, without a husband.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anātha (अनाथ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇāha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anatha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ) [Also spelled anath]:—(nm) an orphan; (a) orphan, without any protector; helpless.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anātha (ಅನಾಥ):—

1) [adjective] helpless; forlorn; lacking a supporter; destitute.

2) [adjective] parentless; orphan.

--- OR ---

Anātha (ಅನಾಥ):—

1) [noun] a helpless, forlorn, boy or man; a destitute.

2) [noun] a parentless child; an orphan.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ):—adj. uncared for; orphaned;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of anatha in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: