Anatha, Anātha: 17 definitions


Anatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anath.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha of thirty one kappas ago. Uddalapupphiya Thera, in a previous birth, offered him an uddala flower. Ap.i.288.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Anātha (अनाथ) is the name of a Bodhisattva mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Anātha).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anātha : (adj.) miserable; helpless; destitute.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anātha (अनाथ).—a (S) That is without a master or protector; forlorn, friendless, destitute. Ex. mī a0 nirāśraya saṃsārī || apaṅgahī asē sarvāpari || anāthanātha Friend of the friendless. anāthabandhu Brother of the destitute; protector of the helpless. anāthapālana, anāthapūjā, anāthabhōjana, anātha- samācāra, anāthasēvā, anāthavatsala &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anātha (अनाथ).—a Friendless, helpless, forlorn, destitute. anāthanātha Friend of the friendless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—a. [na. ba.] Helpless, poor, forlorn, parentless, orphan (as a child); widowed (as a wife); having no master or natural protector, without a protector in general; नाथवन्तस्त्वया लोकास्त्वमनाथा विपत्स्यसे (nāthavantastvayā lokāstvamanāthā vipatsyase) Uttararāmacarita 1.43; R. 12.12.

-tham Ved. Helplessness. किं भ्रातासद्यदनाथं भवाति (kiṃ bhrātāsadyadanāthaṃ bhavāti) | Ṛgveda 1.1.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—mfn.

(-thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) Without a master or protector, without a husband, &c. E. a neg. nātha master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—adj., f. thā, having no protector, helpless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 23, 21.

Anātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and nātha (नाथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ).—1. [adjective] having no protector, helpless.

--- OR ---

Anātha (अनाथ).—2. [neuter] helplessness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anātha (अनाथ):—[=a-nātha] mf(ā)n. having no master or protector

2) [v.s. ...] widowed

3) [v.s. ...] fatherless

4) [v.s. ...] helpless, poor

5) [v.s. ...] n. want of a protector, helplessness, [Ṛg-veda x, 10, 11.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-thaḥ-thā-tham) 1) Without a lord or protector (as an orphan, one without a sapiṇḍa (q. v.) &c.), without a master.

2) Helpless, poor. E. a priv. and nātha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ):—[anā+tha] (thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) a. Destitute, widowed, without a husband.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anātha (अनाथ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇāha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anatha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anātha (अनाथ) [Also spelled anath]:—(nm) an orphan; (a) orphan, without any protector; helpless.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anātha (ಅನಾಥ):—

1) [adjective] helpless; forlorn; lacking a supporter; destitute.

2) [adjective] parentless; orphan.

--- OR ---

Anātha (ಅನಾಥ):—

1) [noun] a helpless, forlorn, boy or man; a destitute.

2) [noun] a parentless child; an orphan.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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