Bhayankara, aka: Bhayaṅkara; 6 Definition(s)


Bhayankara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Bhayankara in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

1) Bhayaṅkara (भयङ्कर).—A prince of the country of Sauvīra. He was a dependant of Jayadratha. It was this Bhayaṅkara who followed Jayadratha with his flag when he was trying to kidnap Pāñcālī. Arjuna killed him. (Chapter 265 and 271, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

2) Bhayaṅkara (भयङ्कर).—A sanātana Viśvadeva. (Chapter 91, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Bhayankara in Katha glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhayaṅkara (भयङ्कर) or Bhayaṃkara is one of the ministers of Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Maya, Sunītha and Sūryaprabha: “... and those Dānavas, who formerly existed under the names of Sunda and Upasunda, have been born as his ministers Sarvadamana and Bhayaṅkara”.

In chapter 47, Bhayaṅkara’s strength is considered as equaling a double-power warrior (dviguṇaratha). Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Bhayaṅkara, and others], these are all warriors of double power”.

The story of Bhayaṅkara was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhayaṅkara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bhayankara in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhayaṅkara : (adj.) dreadful; horrible.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Bhayankara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhayaṅkara (भयंकर).—a (S) That causes fear; frightful, terrible, formidable, dreadful.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhayaṅkara (भयंकर).—a Frightful, dreadful.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhayankara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhayaṅkara (भयङ्कर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Fearful, formidable, frightful. E. bhaya fear, kṛ to make, khac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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