Tālaka, aka: Taḷāka, Talaka; 5 Definition(s)
1a) Talaka (तलक).—A son of Āndhra Hāleya, and father of Purīṣabhīru.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 25.
1b) A pupil of Kṛta.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.
2) Tālaka (तालक).—Is Sāmaga.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 44.
about this context:
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including religious ceremonies, various arts, sciences and historical legends. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)
1) Tālaka (तालक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral, found throughout volcanic fissures and hot springs. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.
2) Tālaka (तालक, “orpiment”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit book on rasaśāstra, or ‘Indian medicinal alchemy’). It is also known by the synonym Haritāla.
There are two varieties of Tālaka:
- Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally/rustic variety)
- Aśmasaṃjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
Tālaka (Orpiment) is of two types, viz-
- Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally variety),
- Aśma Sañjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
It is claimed as vātaśleṣmahara, checks rakta-srāva and bhūtabādhā (effects of evil spirits), stops menses in ladies, vary in anointing properties, kaṭu in rasa, dīpana (digestive stimulant) and kuṣṭhahara in karma.Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
about this context:
Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Taḷāka, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain. Perhaps from taṭa. The Sk. forms are taṭaka, taṭāka, taḍāga) a pond, pool, reservoir Vin. II, 256; J. I, 4, 239; PvA. 202; DA. I, 273; Miln. 1, 66=81, 246, 296, 359. (Page 298)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
taḷāka : (m.; nt.) a lake.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
about this context:
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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