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Tālaka, aka: Taḷāka, Talaka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tālaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Tālaka can be transliterated into English as Talaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Talaka (तलक) refers to kind of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the waist (kaṭi) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn below the navel. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Talaka (तलक) also refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., talaka) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

1a) Talaka (तलक).—A son of Āndhra Hāleya, and father of Purīṣabhīru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 25.

1b) A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.

2) Tālaka (तालक).—Is Sāmaga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 44.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)

1) Tālaka (तालक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral, found throughout volcanic fissures and hot springs. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

2) Tālaka (तालक, “orpiment”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit book on rasaśāstra, or ‘Indian medicinal alchemy’). It is also known by the synonym Haritāla.

There are two varieties of Tālaka:

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally/rustic variety)
  2. Aśmasaṃjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Tālaka (Orpiment) is of two types, viz-

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally variety),
  2. Aśma Sañjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)

It is claimed as vātaśleṣmahara, checks rakta-srāva and bhūtabādhā (effects of evil spirits), stops menses in ladies, vary in anointing properties, kaṭu in rasa, dīpana (digestive stimulant) and kuṣṭhahara in karma.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

about this context:

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

In Buddhism

Pali

Taḷāka, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain. Perhaps from taṭa. The Sk. forms are taṭaka, taṭāka, taḍāga) a pond, pool, reservoir Vin. II, 256; J. I, 4, 239; PvA. 202; DA. I, 273; Miln. 1, 66=81, 246, 296, 359. (Page 298)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

taḷāka : (m.; nt.) a lake.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Sūtra
Sūtra (सूत्र, “thread”) refers to a “golden neck-chain” and is classified as an ornament (ābhar...
Haritāla
Haritāla (हरिताल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “orpiment”, which ...
Uparasa
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Tata
1) Tata (तत) is a Sanskrit word referring to “string instruments”. It is the name of one of the...
Patratāla
Patratāla is the scally variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”):—It contains sūkṣma...
Piṇḍatāla
Piṇḍatāla is the stony variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”):—It is without scale...
Khaṭikā
Khaṭikā is a variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”).—It is white in colour and aml...
Phullikā
Phullikā is a variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”).—It is slightly yellowish, ve...
Khata
Khāta, (adj.) (Sk. khāta; pp. of khan) dug DA. I, 274 (=ukkiṇṇa), a° not dug Miln. 351 (°taḷāk...
Hāleya
Hāleya (हालेय).—A son of Ariṣṭakarman, and father of Talaka.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 2...
Dalākhya
Dalākhya (दलाख्य):—Another name for Patratāla, which is one of the main variations of ...
Aśmasaṃjñaka
Aśmasaṃjñaka (अश्मसंज्ञक):—Another name for Piṇḍatāla, which is one of the main variat...
Nyāsamantra
Nyāsamantra (न्यासमन्त्र).—In connection with the installation of an image; eg. ratnanyās...
Purīṣabhīru
Purīṣabhīru (पुरीषभीरु).—A king and son of Talaka and father of Sunandana: ruled for 21 y...

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Search found 4 books containing Tālaka, Taḷāka or Talaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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