Talajangha, Tālajaṅgha, Tālajaṅghā: 7 definitions

Introduction

Talajangha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Talajangha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tālajaṅgha (तालजङ्घ).—Jayadhvaja, fifth son of Kārttavīrya, got a son named Tālajaṅgha. The sons of this valiant man are called Tālajaṅghas. There was once a great fight between Vītihotra, the eldest of these sons, and Paraśurāma. (Chapter 88, Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tālajaṅgha (तालजङ्घ).—The son of Jayadhvaja and father of one hundred sons (Tālajanghas—Vītihotra being the elder). The Tālajangha line came to an end by Aurva's power.1 Afraid of Paraśurāma he escaped to the Himalayas and returned after peace was restored. Led an expedition to Ayodhyā whose king Phalgutantra fled with his wife and child;2 defeated Bāhu, but was defeated by his own son, Sagara.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 28; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 122; 94. 50.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 51; 47. 67, 78.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 26, 40-1.

1b) A commander of Kuṭilākṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 16-18.

1c) A class of Kṣatriyas defeated by Sagara;1 the collective name of the 100 sons of Tālajangha and a Haihaya clan; of them five gaṇas could be distinguished; Vītihotra, Bhoja, Avantya, Tuṇḍikera and Tālajangha.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8. 5; 23. 28.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 48. 23-5; 63. 120 and 134; 69. 51-3; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 51-2.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tālajaṅghā (तालजङ्घा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.13, V.72.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tālajaṅghā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (T) next»] — Talajangha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Tālajaṅgha (तालजङ्घ) is the name of a Bhūta, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 108. Accordingly, as Hariśikha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... at nightfall I went into the cemetery [near Ujjayinī] and proceeded to construct a pyre with the logs there. I lighted it, and began to worship the fire, and while I was thus engaged a prince of the demons, named Tālajaṅgha, came up to me, and said to me: ‘Why do you enter the fire? Your master is alive, and you shall be united with him, now that he has obtained the supernatural powers he desired’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tālajaṅgha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (T) next»] — Talajangha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tālajaṅgha (तालजङ्घ).—[adjective] having long (lit. palm-tree) legs; [masculine] [Name] of [several] demons & heroes, [plural] of a warrior tribe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tālajaṅgha (तालजङ्घ):—[=tāla-jaṅgha] [from tāla] mfn. ([Pāṇini 6-2, 114; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) having legs as long as a palm-tree, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 12, 35; Harivaṃśa 9553; Tantr.]

2) [v.s. ...] belonging to the Tāla-jaṅgha tribe, [Mahābhārata xiii, 7223]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a prince of that tribe, [iii, 17014]

4) [v.s. ...] a Rakṣas, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā iii, 21]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 84, 12]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa 12940]

7) [v.s. ...] of a chief of the Bhūtas, [Kathāsaritsāgara cviii, 90]

8) [v.s. ...] of the ancestor of the Tāla-jaṅgha tribe (descendant of Śaryāti, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1946]; son of Jaya-dhvaja, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 11, 5; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 23, 27])

9) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a warrior-tribe, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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