Talika, Tālikā, Tālika, Talikā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Talika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Tālikā (तालिका) is another name for Tāmravallī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Phyllanthus urinaria (chamber bitter or common leafflower) from the Phyllanthaceae or “leafflower” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.122-123 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The Dhanvantari (in his nighaṇṭu) does not describe Tāmravallī, but by the synonym Tāmalkī he has described Bhūmyāmalkī (Phyllanthus urinaria) in Candanādi-varga, which does not tally with the description of Raj Nighantu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Tālikā and Tāmravallī, there are a total of nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Tālika (तालिक) refers to a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with tālika gems. cf. Tālaka, “a kind of ornament”, Tālapatra, “a kind of ear-ornament”

The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Tālikā (तालिका) refers to one of the four “Door Goddesses”, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is white; her Symbol is the lock; she has two arms.—The first in the list of door goddesses, is Tālikā. [...] A statuette of this most obscure but interesting deity is found in the Chinese collection. In this collection her name is somewhat differently stated as Dvāratālakadharā.

Tālikā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (pañcaḍāka-maṇḍala ) as follows:—

“Tālikā is white in colour and holds in her two hands the tālikā or the Lock”.

[Collectively they are described as nude, dancing in pratyālīḍha, with fearful appearance, and awe-inspiring ornaments. They are described below in the same order in which they are treated in the maṇḍala. They hold their special symbols appropriate to their names.]

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Tālikā (तालिका) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘ḍākinī’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., tālikā) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Talika, (adj.) (from tala) having a sole, in eka-°upāhanā a sandal with one sole J. II, 277; III, 80, 81 (v. l. BB. paṭilika); cp. Morris, J. P. T. S. 1887, 165. (Page 298)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tālīka (तालीक).—f ē ( A) A copy or transcript (esp. of an official paper). v kāḍha, utara, ghē, kara.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Talikā (तलिका).—A martingale.

--- OR ---

Tālika (तालिक).—[tālena nirvṛttaḥ ṭhak]

1) The open palm of the hand.

2) Clapping the hands (tālikā also); यथैकेन न हस्तेन तालिका संप्रपद्यते (yathaikena na hastena tālikā saṃprapadyate) Pt.2.132; उच्चाटनीयः करतालिकानां दानादिदानीं भवतीभिरेषः (uccāṭanīyaḥ karatālikānāṃ dānādidānīṃ bhavatībhireṣaḥ) N.3.7.

3) A tie, seal.

4) A cover for binding a parcel of papers or a manuscript.

Derivable forms: tālikaḥ (तालिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Talikā (तलिका).—sc. lipi, a kind of writing: Mahāvastu i.135.8 (prose).

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Tālika (तालिक).—(?) , or tānika, Mahāvastu ii.311.6, n. or epithet of gems: tālikehi (v.l. tāni°) maṇīhi.Senart has no note. (In Mahāvastu iii.442.8 read, instead of tālika, vetāḍika, or vai°, or °lika; Sanskrit vaitālika; compare iii.113.2.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Talikā (तलिका).—f.

(-kā) A martingale. E. tal to fix, and ṭhan aff.

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Tālika (तालिक).—mf.

(-kaḥ-kā) The open of palm of the hand. m.

(-kaḥ) A tie, a seal, a string, &c. binding a letter or parcel of papers. f.

(-kā) A plant: see tālamūlī. E. tāla as above, and ṭhak aff. tālena karatālena nirvṛttaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tālika (तालिक).—i. e. tāla + ika, I. m. Slapping the hands together, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 137. Ii. f. , The palm, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 9920.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Talikā (तलिका):—[from talaka > tala] f. = la-sāraka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Tālikā (तालिका):—[from tālaka > tāla] f. (ikā) the palm of the hand, [Harivaṃśa 9920]

3) [v.s. ...] = la-vādya, [Pañcatantra ii, 5, 6]

4) [v.s. ...] a sign with the hand (?), [Bālarāmāyaṇa iii, 75]

5) [v.s. ...] Curculigo orchioides, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] = tāmra-vallī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Tālika (तालिक):—[from tāla] m. the palm of the hand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] for sub voce laka)

8) [v.s. ...] a cover for binding a parcel of papers or a manuscript, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] [varia lectio] for laka q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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