Sveccha, Svēccha, Sva-iccha: 17 definitions


Sveccha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Svechchha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) refers to “(remembering) out of one’s own accord”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When they [viz., Śiva’s Gaṇas (attendants)] went away and He was left alone with Satī, Śiva rejoiced much and sported with her. [...] After dallying among the hedges and grottos in the Kailāsa mountain for a long time he went to the Himālayan ridges where he remembered Kāma out of his own accord (svecchā). When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) means “according to one’s liking”, according to Lalla’s Śiṣyadhīvṛddhidatantra (Part I, 21, Yantrādhikāra, 34-35).—(Cf. Astronomical instruments in Bhāskarācārya’s Siddhāntaśiromaṇi).—Accordingly, “[...] Or, it is a vessel manufactured according to one’s liking [i.e., svecchā] [with a perforation at the bottom] which has been adjusted by the measure of a ghaṭī by repeated [trials]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) means “spontaneously arisen”, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The Great God—Mahādeva—is beyond Śakti, supreme bliss, [...] O Supreme Lord! By his awakening, that supreme Kālikā has spontaneously arisen (svecchayā), the one supreme power endowed with those same attributes. She is subtle, supreme, tranquil, and delighted by supreme bliss. Śivā has arisen spontaneously (svabhāvata); stainless, she is (all that is) knowable. She is the Supreme Goddess (parameśvarī) who, by her own will, is (both) the Transmental (unmanā) (‘Without Mind’) and With Mind (samanā)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) refers to “(according to) one’s wish”, according to the Mohacūrottara (verse 4.234-243).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of the maṭha]—“[...] The installation of the houses is according to the wishes (svecchā) [of the patron]. There should be a [door for] entry and exit to the north. [The houses] may have one, two, or three floors, or as is pleasing. Externally, [the building] is surrounded by a long hall. In the eastern side of the building is the place for worship. One should install the kitchen and so forth as appropriate. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sveccha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) refers to “one’s own will”, according to verse 10.16 of Sureśvarācārya’s Mānasollāsa.—Accordingly, “By merely his own will (svecchā-mātra), [the Yogin] is the agent of creation, preservation and destruction of worlds and the master of the sun and so on. This is called [the Siddhi of] sovereignty”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) refers to “one’s own desire”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This [self], which is master of the three worlds, omniscient [and] possessed of infinite power, does not recognise itself and has deviated from its own true nature. Tarnished by awful stains arising from eternity, it grasps objects according to its own desire (svecchāsvecchayārthān) which are very different from itself”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svēccha (स्वेच्छ).—a (S sva & icchā) Self-willed, wilful, that follows his own inclinations and desires. 2 Wanton, wayward, wilful, wild;--used of the conduct or proceedings of a self-willed person. 3 unc Free, absolute, that is at liberty to follow the impulses of his own will.

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svēcchā (स्वेच्छा).—f (S sva & icchā) One's own will or wish. 2 Wilfulness, self-willedness, autonomy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svēccha (स्वेच्छ).—a Self-willed; wanton; free.

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svēcchā (स्वेच्छा).—f One's own will; wilfulness.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा).—self-will, own inclination. °आचारः (ācāraḥ) acting as one likes; self-will. °मृत्युः (mṛtyuḥ) an epithet of Bhīṣma.

Svecchā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and icchā (इच्छा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा).—f.

(-cchā) Wilfulness, following one’s own, purpose or inclination, self-will. E. sva own, icchā wish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा).—f. wilfulness, following one’s own inclination, [Pañcatantra] 87, 11.

Svecchā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and icchā (इच्छा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा).—[feminine] one’s own wish or will; °— & [instrumental] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sveccha (स्वेच्छ):—[from sva] a [in the beginning of a compound] ([Daśakumāra-carita]) ([Kathāsaritsāgara; Chandomañjarī]) [according to] to o°’s own wish, at will or pleasure, of o°’s own accord, voluntarily.

2) Svecchā (स्वेच्छा):—[from sva] f. o°’s own wish or will, free will, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Pañcarātra]

3) [v.s. ...] [in the beginning of a compound] [according to] to o°’s own wish, at pleasure, of o°’s own free will

4) Sveccha (स्वेच्छ):—b etc. See p. 1277, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा):—(cchā) 1. f. Wilfulness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sicchā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sveccha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sveccha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sveccha (स्वेच्छ):—(a) arbitrary; voluntary; ~[] arbitrarily; voluntarily.

2) Svecchā (स्वेच्छा) [Also spelled swechchha]:—(nf) one’s own will, free will, ~[cāritā] arbitrariness; autocracy; ~[cārī] self-willed, autocratic; arbitrary; ~[taṃtravāda] libertarianism; ~[nusāra] according to one’s free will; ~[pūrvaka, -se] voluntarily, of one’s own free will; —[mṛtyu] death according to one’s own will.

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