Sutasoma: 8 definitions

Introduction

Sutasoma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sutasoma (सुतसोम).—The son of Bhīmasena and Draupadī. He was killed by Aśvatthāmā while awaking from sleep on the last night of the Kurukṣetra war.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sutasoma in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sutasoma (सुतसोम).—The son born to Bhīmasena by his wife Draupadī. The information regarding this Sutasoma, taken from Mahābhārata, is given below:

(i) Sutasoma took birth from a portion of the Viśvadevas. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 127).

(ii) It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 23, Verse 28, that this prince was given the name Sutasoma, because he was born by the blessings of Candra (Moon).

(iii) Sutasoma had a combat with Vikarṇa on the first day of the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 58).

(iv) He rescued Śrutakarmā from the hold of Durmukha in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 79, Verse 39).

(v) Sutasoma fought with Viviṃśati. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 25, Verse 24).

(vi) Sutasoma fought with Śakuni and was defeated. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 25, Verse 18).

(vii) There was a severe fight between Sutasoma and Aśvatthāmā. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 55, Verse 14).

(viii) Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sauptika Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 55 that in the battle of Bhārata, Aśvatthāmā entered the camp of the Pāṇḍava army in the night and killed Sutasoma.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sutasoma (सुतसोम) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.18.25) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sutasoma) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (Abhidharma)

Sutasoma (सुतसोम) is the name of a king who offered his life for the sake of king Kalmāṣapāda according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“There was once a king called Sutasoma, full of energy (vīryavat), observer of the precepts (śīladhara) and always faithful to his given word. One morning he mounted his chariot with his courtesans (gaṇikā) and entered a garden (ārmama) to walk about. When he left the gates of the city, a certain Brahmin who had come to beg said to the king: ‘The king is very powerful and I am a poor man (daridra). May he have pity on me and give me something’”.

Note: The Bodhisattva, called Sutosoma (Sutasoma) in most of the sources, is called P’ou ming (Samantaprabhāsa). Sutosoma belonged to a well-known family of the Kauravas (Jātaka, V, Jātakamālā) and resided at Indapatta (Jātaka V) a city located on the present site of Delhi.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1) The Bodhisatta born as king of Benares. See the Cullasutasoma Jataka.

2) The Bodhisatta, born as king of Indapatta. See the Mahasutasoma Jataka.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sutasoma (सुतसोम).—(= Pali id., hero of Jāt. 537), n. of a previous incarnation of Śākyamuni: LV 170.19; RP 22.9; Jm 207.22 ff. (his story told here).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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