Shilaparamita, Śīlapāramitā, Shila-paramita: 4 definitions



Shilaparamita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śīlapāramitā can be transliterated into English as Silaparamita or Shilaparamita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shilaparamita in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śīlapāramitā (शीलपारमिता) refers to the “virtue of morality” and represents one of the six perfections (pāramitā) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIII).—Some say that the virtue of morality (śīla) is the morality of the bodhisattva who prefers to lose his life rather than break the smallest precept. As was said above in Sutasomarājasūtra, the bodhisattva sacrifices his life to keep the precpts.

How does the Bodhisattva fulfill the virtue of discipline (śīlapāramitā)? Answer: By not sparing his life when it is a question of keeping the pure precepts (viṣuddhaśīla). Thus king Sutasoma, for the sake of the great king Kalmāṣapāda went so far as to offer his life, but did not violate the precepts.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of shilaparamita or silaparamita in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Śīlapāramitā (शीलपारमिता) refers to one of twelve Pāramitā Goddesses in human form, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is white; her Symbol is a flowery discus; she has two arms.

Śīlapāramitā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Śīlapāramitā is white in colour and holds in her left hand the discus made of white flowers and leaves”.

[The right hand holds the cintāmaṇi banner as usual. A statuette of this deity occurs in China.

The twelve deities collectively have their spiritual father in Ratnasambhava. [...] According to a statement in the maṇḍala all the deities [viz., Śīlapāramitā] are two-armed, and they hold in the right hand the flag marked with the Cintāmaṇi jewel, and in the left their special symbols. Prajñāpāramitā is an exception since she has two more hands.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of shilaparamita or silaparamita in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shilaparamita in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Śīlapāramitā (शीलपारमिता) or simply śīla refers to the “perfection of virtue” and represents the second of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 17). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ṣaṣ-pāramitā and śīla-pāramitā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Śīlapāramitā forms, besides a part of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā), also a part of the “ten perfections” (daśa-pāramitā).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shilaparamita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīlapāramitā (शीलपारमिता):—[=śīla-pāramitā] [from śīla > śīl] f. (with Buddhists) the perfection (called) śīla (one of the 6 transcendental perfections cf. under śīla), [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka; Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shilaparamita or silaparamita in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: