Somadeva: 10 definitions


Somadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Somadeva (सोमदेव).—A Jain Grammarian, the writer of a gloss on the commentary Jainendra Vyakarana named शब्दार्णवचन्द्रिका (śabdārṇavacandrikā) by the author, who was a resident of the Deccan and lived in a village named Arjurika (called आजर्रे (ājarre) to-day) near Kolhapur in the twelfth century.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Somadeva (सोमदेव) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Śarvoktāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The śarvokta-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Somadeva in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

1) Somadeva (सोमदेव) is the name of a Brahmin, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “Wanting to play a trick on the ascetic Saṃkharāya, the Brahmin Somadeva sends him on a theoretically impracticable road, telling himself that he must perish from the heat. But the power of Saṃkharāya’s asceticism makes the road fresh. Seized with remorse at this spectacle, the Brahmin confesses his fault and asks how he can expiate it. The ascetic enjoins him to become a monk”.

Cf. Uttarādhyayanacūrṇi 201.9-202.5; Uttarādhyayananiryuktittkā a.5-b.4; Uttarādhyayana b-a. 10.

2) Somadeva is reborn as Bala.—Accordingly, “After having been the Brahmin Somadeva in Hastināpura, converted by the ascetic Saṃkharāya, a native of Mathurā, the hero is reborn, under the name of Bala, in a family of caṇḍāla, called Harikeśa, ‘with the hair yellow’. He becomes a monk. His virtue earned him the sympathy of the Yakṣa of Tinduka Park. One day when Princess Bhadrā goes to the temple of Yakṣa to honor the idol, she sees the ṛṣi. Her dirt disgusts her. To punish her, the Yakṣa seizes her and says that nothing can heal her unless she marries Bala”.

Cf. Uttarādhyayanasūtra XII v. 1-36: Jacobi 1895 p. 50-54; Uttarādhyayanacūrṇi 201.9-213.2; Uttarādhyayananiryuktittkā a. l-b.7; Uttarādhyayana a. l-a. 14; Trad  : Mette 1991 p. 131-33.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Somadeva. Nine kappas ago there were eighty five kings of this name, previous births of Ummapupphiya (Cakkhupala) Thera. v.l. Hemadeva. Ap.i.172; ThagA.i.196.

2. Somadeva. One of the chief lay patrons of Konagamana Buddha. Bu.xxiv.24.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Somadeva (सोमदेव) is the name of an ancient king from Brahmasthala, according to chapter 3.4 [padmaprabha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] In the afternoon of the thirteenth of the black half of Kārtika, (the moon being) in Citrā, observing a two days’ fast, the Lord (i.e., Padmaprabha) together with a thousand kings took the vows of mendicancy. On the next day the Master broke his fast with rice-pudding in the house of King Somadeva in the city Brahmasthala. The gods made there the five divine things; and the King made a jeweled platform where the Lord had stood”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Somadeva (सोमदेव) or Somadevasūri is the author of the Arbudācalacaityaparipāṭī (dealing with Sacred places in Jain literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Somadeva-sūri, the author of this caityaparipāṭī, was a pupil of Lakṣmīsāgarasūri (born VS 1464) with whom he wrote the Pañcaśatiprabodha (cf. Jaina Onomasticon p. 921). Lakṣmīsāgara had become the head of the group in VS 1517, and occupied this position when Somadeva-sūri wrote the Abu composition. In addition to the contents described above, the author refers to visits of his group to Abu for the installation of images which took place in the same year, [...]. The author’s name does not appear in any of the inscriptions but he could have been there as a witness. Anyway, his remark about the astonishmemt caused by the Digambara image could be a sign of his actual presence on the site at some time.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Somadeva (सोमदेव).—[masculine] the god of the moon; [Name] of an author etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Somadeva (सोमदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

2) Somadeva (सोमदेव):—wrote in 1205: Śabdārṇavacandrikā Jainendravyākaraṇavṛtti.

3) Somadeva (सोमदेव):—Somanīti.

4) Somadeva (सोमदेव):—son of Rāma: Kathāsaritsāgara.

5) Somadeva (सोमदेव):—Lalitavigraharāja nāṭaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Somadeva (सोमदेव):—[=soma-deva] [from soma] m. the god of the moon, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the god S°, [Macdonell’s Dictionary, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (also va-bhaṭṭa) Name of the author of the Kathā-sarit-sāgara (who lived in Kaśmīr in the 11th century A.D.), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 531]

4) [v.s. ...] of various authors and other men, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa] etc.

[Sanskrit to German]

Somadeva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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