Kapittha, aka: Kapiṭṭha; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kapittha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Kapittha in Natyashastra glossaries]

Kapittha (कपित्थ, “elephant-apple”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Kapittha (elephant-apple): the forefinger of the Śikhara hand is bent over the top of the thumb. Usage: Lakṣmī, Sarasvatī,winding, holding cjonbals, milking cows, collyrium, holding flowers at the time of dalliance, grasping the end of the robe (celāñcala), veiling the head with the añcala, offering incenseor lights, etc.

According to another book: same definition. Long ago when the Churning of the Ocean was done, Viṣṇu used this hand to pull upon Mt. Mandara. Its sage is Nārada, its race Ṛṣi, itscolour white, its patron deity Padmagarbha (Viṣṇu). Usage: churning, Lakṣmī, offering incense or lights, etc., spreading cowries, holding elephant goad or vajra, or a sling, or cymbals, showinga dance (nāṭya), holding a lotus of dalliance (lilābja-dhāraṇa), counting Sarasvatī’s rosary, pounding barley etc., seizing theend of the robe (celāñcala), Ṛṣi caste, white colour.

2) One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Kapittha (elephant-apple), Alapadma hands are crossed.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Kapittha (कपित्थ, “elephant-apple”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The forefinger of the Śikhara hand to be bent and pressed by the thumb.

(Uses): It is to represent weapons such as sword, bow, discus, javelin (tomara), spear (kunta), mace, spike (śakti), thunderbolt and arrows, true and wholesome deeds.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Kapittha in Ayurveda glossaries]

Kapittha (कपित्थ) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Wood apple”, a species of plant from the Rutaceae (rue/citrus) family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Kavittha in the Prakrit language, and as Kavitā in Hindi. The official botanical name is Feronia elephantum (or, Feronia limonia, Limonia acidissima) and is commonly known in English as “Elephant apple”, “Curd fruit” or “Monkey fruit” among others.

This plant (Kapittha) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Dadhithya.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

[Kapittha in Purana glossaries]

Kapittha (कपित्थ) refers to the a type of fruit, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The dictionaries give the name Kapittha to Feronia elephantum Correa and its fruit, the Elephant apple, but as this fruit does not grow in Kaśmīra and as Kalhaṇa refers to Kapittha fruit as obtainable in Kaśmīra only for a short period at the commencement of summer, it is reasonable to accept Stein’s suggestion that the term was used in Kaśmīra for cherry which ripens in June. The Nīlamata regards this fruit as the abode of poverty (verse 754).

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Kapittha (कपित्थ).—Illustrative of the world which is compared to the shape of an egg.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 22.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Kapittha in Theravada glossaries]

A village near Cittalapabbata vihara, the residence of Phussadeva (v.l. Gavita). Mhv.xxiii.82.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Kapittha in Jainism glossaries]

Kapittha (कपित्थ) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Kapittha tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[Kapittha in India history glossaries]

Kapittha is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Kapittha refers to the “Wood-apple tree”.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Kapittha), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kapittha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

(Source): Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Kapittha in Pali glossaries]

kapittha : (m.) wood-apple. || kapiṭṭha (m.),elephant-apple tree.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kapiṭṭha, and Kapittha — 1. the tree Feronia elephantum, the wood-apple tree J. VI, 534; Vism. 183 (°ka); Mhvs 29, 11;— 2. °ṃ (nt.) the wood apple Miln. 189;— 3. the position of the hand when the fingers are slightly and loosely bent in J. I, 237; kapitthaka S. V, 96. (Page 187)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Kapittha in Marathi glossaries]

kapittha (कपित्थ).—m (S) Elephant or wood-apple, Feronia elephantum or Cratœva valanga. 2 n The fruit of it.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Kapittha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Kapittha (कपित्थ).—The wood apple tree; Bhāg.8.2.14.

-ttham 1 The fruit of the above tree.

2) A particular position of hands and fingers.

3) Butter-milk (taka) यौवनस्थस्य गौरस्य कपित्थस्य सुगन्धिनः (yauvanasthasya gaurasya kapitthasya sugandhinaḥ) Rām.2.91.72.

Derivable forms: kapitthaḥ (कपित्थः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Hasta
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