Shukatunda, Śukatuṇḍa, Shukatumda: 8 definitions


Shukatunda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śukatuṇḍa can be transliterated into English as Sukatunda or Shukatunda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड):—One of the two varieties of Hiṅgūla (‘cinnabar’), which is a medicinal and alchemical drug from the Sādhāraṇarasa group, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. The literal translation of the Sanskrit word Śukatuṇḍa is “Parrot’s beak”, it is composed of the words Śuka (‘parrot’) and Tuṇḍa (‘mouth’ or ‘beak’). It is also known as Carmāra.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Śukatuṇḍa is a variety of Hiṅgūla (“Cinnabar”).—Also known as Carmāra. It possess less satva (mercury), means associated with more impurties and considered the inferior variety.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड) or “parrot’s beak” refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions of Śukatuṇḍa): The ring-finger (third finger) of the Arāla hand is bent.

(Uses of Śukatuṇḍa): With this should be represented words such as ‘(It is) not I’, ‘(It is) not you’, (It should) not be done, invocation, farewell, and saying ‘Fie (upon you)’ in contempt.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड) refers to one of the twenty-two Asaṃyuktahastas or “single hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers.—The word śukatuṇḍa is the amalgamation of two words viz., śuka and tuṇḍa. Śuka means parrot and tuṇḍa means head. So, the word śukatuṇḍa denotes the head of a parrot. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the ring finger is suggested to be bent in the position of arālahasta to make the śukatuṇḍa-hasta. When the forefinger and the ring finger are curved in arāla-hasta, the two bend fingers make a curve shape which looks like the head of a parrot. Thus it justifies the name of this hand posture. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, with this posture, one can express the individuality.

The Nāṭyaśāstra also gives its viewpoint in the same spirit. But in the Abhinayadarpaṇa, this hand gesture is said to be used in shooting of an arrow or a spear. Moreover, it is used to do the acting of recollecting home or the violent mood. This book also establishes that through this posture one can present spiritual topic.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shukatunda in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Nādapīṭha (identified with Kulūta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Servants (ceṭāṣṭaka): Śuṣkaruṇḍa, Dīrghajaṅgha, Digambara, Mālādhara, Mahāmuṇḍa, Caṇḍa, Caṇḍaparākrama, Śukatuṇḍa.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shukatunda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड):—[=śuka-tuṇḍa] [from śuka] m. ‘p°'s-beak’, a [particular] position of the hands, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shukatunda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shukatunda in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śukatuṃḍa (ಶುಕತುಂಡ):—

1) [noun] the hooked bill of a parrot.

2) [noun] (dance.) a particular, single-handed posture.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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