Shukatunda, Śukatuṇḍa, Shukatumda: 8 definitions
Shukatunda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śukatuṇḍa can be transliterated into English as Sukatunda or Shukatunda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Images (photo gallery)
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड):—One of the two varieties of Hiṅgūla (‘cinnabar’), which is a medicinal and alchemical drug from the Sādhāraṇarasa group, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. The literal translation of the Sanskrit word Śukatuṇḍa is “Parrot’s beak”, it is composed of the words Śuka (‘parrot’) and Tuṇḍa (‘mouth’ or ‘beak’). It is also known as Carmāra.Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Śukatuṇḍa is a variety of Hiṅgūla (“Cinnabar”).—Also known as Carmāra. It possess less satva (mercury), means associated with more impurties and considered the inferior variety.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड) or “parrot’s beak” refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).
(Instructions of Śukatuṇḍa): The ring-finger (third finger) of the Arāla hand is bent.
(Uses of Śukatuṇḍa): With this should be represented words such as ‘(It is) not I’, ‘(It is) not you’, (It should) not be done, invocation, farewell, and saying ‘Fie (upon you)’ in contempt.Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)
Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड) refers to one of the twenty-two Asaṃyuktahastas or “single hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers.—The word śukatuṇḍa is the amalgamation of two words viz., śuka and tuṇḍa. Śuka means parrot and tuṇḍa means head. So, the word śukatuṇḍa denotes the head of a parrot. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the ring finger is suggested to be bent in the position of arālahasta to make the śukatuṇḍa-hasta. When the forefinger and the ring finger are curved in arāla-hasta, the two bend fingers make a curve shape which looks like the head of a parrot. Thus it justifies the name of this hand posture. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, with this posture, one can express the individuality.
The Nāṭyaśāstra also gives its viewpoint in the same spirit. But in the Abhinayadarpaṇa, this hand gesture is said to be used in shooting of an arrow or a spear. Moreover, it is used to do the acting of recollecting home or the violent mood. This book also establishes that through this posture one can present spiritual topic.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Nādapīṭha (identified with Kulūta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Servants (ceṭāṣṭaka): Śuṣkaruṇḍa, Dīrghajaṅgha, Digambara, Mālādhara, Mahāmuṇḍa, Caṇḍa, Caṇḍaparākrama, Śukatuṇḍa.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड):—[=śuka-tuṇḍa] [from śuka] m. ‘p°'s-beak’, a [particular] position of the hands, [Catalogue(s)]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) [noun] the hooked bill of a parrot.
2) [noun] (dance.) a particular, single-handed posture.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Shuka, Tunda.
Starts with: Shukatundahasta, Shukatundaka.
Ends with: Brahmokta-shukatunda.
Full-text (+13): Hingula, Avahittha, Brahmokta-shukatunda, Nimbasala, Patali, Harishcandra, Papanasini, Raktagandhaka, Carmara, Individuality, Violent mood, Parrot, Recollecting, Spiritual topic, Shooting, Dirghajangha, Candaparakrama, Maladhara, Shushkarunda, Valitoru.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Shukatunda, Śukatuṇḍa, Sukatunda, Shuka-tunda, Śuka-tuṇḍa, Suka-tunda, Shukatumda, Śukatuṃḍa, Sukatumda; (plurals include: Shukatundas, Śukatuṇḍas, Sukatundas, tundas, tuṇḍas, Shukatumdas, Śukatuṃḍas, Sukatumdas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Abhinaya-darpana (English) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Chapter 25 - Hands denoting Trees
Chapter 27 - Hands denoting Flying Creatures
Chapter 15 - Twenty-seven Combined Hands
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
2. The Viṣṇudharmottara-purāṇa and the Indian Classical Dances < [Chapter 6 - Modern Relevance of Different Art Forms and Architecture]
2.2. Hand Postures (b): Saṃyukta-hasta < [Chapter 3 - Drama and Dance]
2.2. Hand Postures (a): Asaṃyukta-hasta < [Chapter 3 - Drama and Dance]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 17 - The Fight between Yama and Grasana < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 71 - Exploits of Durgā < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
Chapter IX - Gestures of Major Limbs (aṅga)
Chapter IV - Description of the Class Dance (tāṇḍava)
Kathakali, and Other Forms of Bharata Natya < [September-October 1933]