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Patali, aka: Pāṭalī; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Patali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Pāṭalī (पाटली) is the name of the daughter of the King Mahendravarman, whose story is told in the tale called ‘the founding of the city of Pāṭaliputra’, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 3.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Pātali (पातलि) is a synonym for Pāṭalā (Stereospermum colais, “Trumpet Flower”), from the Bignoniaceae family. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. It can also be spelled as Pāṭalī (पाटली). This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pāṭalī, the Śukatuṇḍa hand;

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Pāṭali is no doubt the name of a species of trees, called Flueggea Leucopyrus in Latin; but according to Professor B. P. Roy, the Head of the Botany Department of Patna University, this species is found in Burma, the Punjab and the Deccan peninsula from Canara southwards. I is quite abundant in Ceylon, but not known to Bihar. Other sub-species of the shrub grow in eastern Bihar, but not in or around Patna.

Source: Google Books: Fortified Cities of Ancient India: A Comparative Study

pāṭali (पाटलि); Definition: f. (also ī) trumpet-flower tree (Bignonia suaveolens): ī, f. Name of a town; Name of a princess; (i)-ka, n. Name of a town (=Pātaliputra).

Source: Sanskrit Dictionary: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

Pāṭalī, (f.) (cp. Class. Sk. pāṭalī, to pāṭala) the trumpet flower, Bignonia Suaveolens D. II, 4 (Vipassī pāṭaliyā mūle abhisambuddho); Vv 359; J. I, 41 (°rukkha as the Bodhi tree); II, 162 (pāṭali-bhaddaka sic. v. l. for phālibhaddaka); IV, 440; V, 189; VI, 537; Miln. 338; VvA. 42, 164; ThA. 211, 226. (Page 450)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

pāṭalī : (m.) the trumpet-flower tree.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

or Manapa Sutta. A series of discussions between Patali and the Buddha, on various topics. S.iv.340ff.

-- or --

. A headsman of Uttara who visited the Buddha and questioned him regarding his power of magic. Several conversations he had with the Buddha, on various topics, are given in the Samyutta Nikaya. S.iv.340ff.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cittapatali
Cittapāṭalī—Name of a plant (the “pied” trumpet-flower) in the world of As...
Patala
Pātāla (पाताल) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā...
Puta
Puṭa (पुट) is a Sanskit technical term referring to “burning pits” (used for cal...
Pataliputra
There was on this earth a city named Pātaliputra, which was like the city of the gods and wa...
Dhanu
Dhanu (धनु).— The dhanus are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholok...
Bhedana
Bhedana (भेदन) is another name (synonym) for Hiṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant F...
Putta
Putta, (Vedic putra, Idg. *putlo=Lat. pullus (*putslos) young of an animal, fr. pōu, cp. Gr. pa...
Putta Sutta
Putta, (Vedic putra, Idg. *putlo=Lat. pullus (*putslos) young of an animal, fr. pōu, cp. Gr. pa...
Vipassi
vipassi : (aor. of vipassati) saw clearly; had intuition. || vipassī (m.) gifted with insight.
Pataligama
pāṭaliputta : (nt.) name for a city in Magadha, (present of Patna).
Manapa Sutta
Manāpa, (adj.) (cp. BSk. manāpa) pleasing, pleasant, charming Sn. 22, 759; Dh. 339 (°ssavana);...
Mahendravarman
1) Mahendravarman (महेन्द्रवर्मन्) is the name of a King, whose daughter was named  Pāṭalī...
Sakimsammajjaka
An arahant. He saw the Patali bodhi of Vipassi Buddha and swept around it and paid it honour. O...
Sattapataliya
An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he saw the Buddha (Siddhattha?) and offered him patali flowe...
Tipupphiya
An arahant. In a previous birth he offered three flowers to the Patali, the Bodhi tree or Vipas...

Relevant text

Search found 22 books containing Patali or Pāṭalī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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