Patali, Pāṭalī, Patalita: 22 definitions


Patali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pātali (पातलि) is a synonym for Pāṭalā (Stereospermum colais, “Trumpet Flower”), from the Bignoniaceae family. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. It can also be spelled as Pāṭalī (पाटली). This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pāṭalī (पाटली) is another name for Pāṇḍuraphalī an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with either (1) Potarphalam, (2) Manamande (in Marathi) or (3) Pandurphalare (in Kannada), according to verse 5.130-131 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Pāṭalī and Pāṇḍuraphalī, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pāṭalī, the Śukatuṇḍa hand;

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pāṭalī (पाटली) is the name of the daughter of the King Mahendravarman, whose story is told in the tale called ‘the founding of the city of Pāṭaliputra’, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 3.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pāṭalī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Fortified Cities of Ancient India: A Comparative Study

Pāṭali is no doubt the name of a species of trees, called Flueggea Leucopyrus in Latin; but according to Professor B. P. Roy, the Head of the Botany Department of Patna University, this species is found in Burma, the Punjab and the Deccan peninsula from Canara southwards. I is quite abundant in Ceylon, but not known to Bihar. Other sub-species of the shrub grow in eastern Bihar, but not in or around Patna.

Source: Sanskrit Dictionary: Hinduism

pāṭali (पाटलि); Definition: f. (also ī) trumpet-flower tree (Bignonia suaveolens): ī, f. Name of a town; Name of a princess; (i)-ka, n. Name of a town (=Pātaliputra).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

or Manapa Sutta. A series of discussions between Patali and the Buddha, on various topics. S.iv.340ff.

-- or --

. A headsman of Uttara who visited the Buddha and questioned him regarding his power of magic. Several conversations he had with the Buddha, on various topics, are given in the Samyutta Nikaya. S.iv.340ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Patali in India is the name of a plant defined with Careya arborea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Careya arborea Roxb. & Roxb. (among others).

2) Patali is also identified with Ocimum tenuiflorum It has the synonym Lumnitzera tenuiflora (L.) Spreng. (etc.).

3) Patali is also identified with Schrebera swietenioides It has the synonym Nathusia swieteniodes Kuntze (etc.).

4) Patali is also identified with Stereospermum chelonoides It has the synonym Bignonia suaveolens Roxb.) (Bignonia L., named in honor of Abbé Jean Paul Bignon, 1662–1743, librarian to King Louis XIV. See Carl Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 2: 622–625. 1753 and Genera Plantarum Ed. 5. 273. 1754, Genera Plantarum 137. 1789, Henry C. Andrews, The Botanist’s Repository. 2: t. 86. London 1800. (etc.).

5) Patali is also identified with Stereospermum suaveolens It has the synonym Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC..

6) Patali is also identified with Stereospermum xylocarpum It has the synonym Bignonia xylocarpa Roxb. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève (1838)
· Revue de Cytologie et de Biologie Végétales, le Botaniste (1984)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1984)
· Linnaea (1833)
· Taxon (1979)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Patali, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāṭalī : (m.) the trumpet-flower tree.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṭalī, (f.) (cp. Class. Sk. pāṭalī, to pāṭala) the trumpet flower, Bignonia Suaveolens D. II, 4 (Vipassī pāṭaliyā mūle abhisambuddho); Vv 359; J. I, 41 (°rukkha as the Bodhi tree); II, 162 (pāṭali-bhaddaka sic. v. l. for phālibhaddaka); IV, 440; V, 189; VI, 537; Miln. 338; VvA. 42, 164; ThA. 211, 226. (Page 450)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pataḷī (पतळी).—f (Usually pātaḷī) A chisel to divide bars of metal.

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pāṭalī (पाटली).—f A bracelet of gold, pearls &c. 2 A tongue-scraper of this form.

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pātaḷī (पातळी).—f (pātaḷa) Thinness &c. See pātaḷa a and form the abstract senses. 2 (As pātaḷāī q.v. supra.) Diminished closeness or crowdedness: also dispersedness or scatteredness. 3 A small cooking pot. 4 An instrument to divide bars of metal, a smith's chisel. 5 In modern translations. Superficies: also Plane.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pataḷī (पतळी).—f A chisel to divide bars of metal.

--- OR ---

pāṭalī (पाटली).—f A bracelet of gold. A tongue- scraper of this form.

--- OR ---

pātaḷī (पातळी).—f Thinness. A small cooking pot. A smith's chisel. Superficies.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṭali (पाटलि).—f. The trumpet-flower.

Derivable forms: pāṭaliḥ (पाटलिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭali (पाटलि).—mf.

(-liḥ) Trumpet-flower. m.

(-liḥ) Rice ripening in the rains. E. pāṭala pale-red, aff. in. paṭa-ṇic-ali “pārula puṣpe”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭali (पाटलि).—I. m. and f., and pāṭalī pāṭalī, f. 1. Trumpet flower, Bignonia suaveolens. Ii. pāṭalī, f. 1. The name of a tree. 2. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭali (पाटलि).—[feminine] [Name] of a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāṭalī (पाटली):—[from pāṭala] a f. made of the Pāṭalī or forming a part of it [gana] bilvādi

2) Pāṭali (पाटलि):—[from pāṭala] mf. Bignonia Suaveolens, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] a species of rice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Pāṭalī (पाटली):—[from pāṭala] b f. Bignonia Suaveolens, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] = kaṭabhī and muṣkaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a city, [Daśakumāra-carita]

7) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of king Mahendra-varman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭali (पाटलि):—(liḥ) 2. m. f. Trumpet flower. m. Rice ripening in the rains.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāṭali (पाटलि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāḍali.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patali in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṭali (ಪಟಲಿ):—[noun] a multitude, crowd, herd, etc.

--- OR ---

Pāṭali (ಪಾಟಲಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಪಾಟಲ [patala]2 - 2.

2) [noun] (hist.) name of a country (with the present city Pāṭna as its capital).

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Pāṭali (ಪಾಟಲಿ):—[noun] a thick, gold ornament for the wrist.

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Pāṭaḷi (ಪಾಟಳಿ):—[noun] = ಪಾಟಲಿ [patali]1.

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Pāṭaḷita (ಪಾಟಳಿತ):—[adjective] = ಪಾಟಲ [patala]1.

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Pāṭāḷi (ಪಾಟಾಳಿ):—

1) [noun] a man whose profession is to sing songs in praise of a god, in a temple.

2) [noun] a class of such men.

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Pātaḷi (ಪಾತಳಿ):—

1) [noun] an area of land not significantly higher than adjacent areas and with relatively minor differences in elevation; a plain.

2) [noun] a horizontal plane or line; esp., such a plane taken as a basis for the measurement of elevation; level.

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Pātāḷi (ಪಾತಾಳಿ):—[noun] Vāsuki, the king of serpents and the ಪಾತಾಳ [patala] (sense 1).

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Pātāḷi (ಪಾತಾಳಿ):—[noun] the tree Manilkara kauki ( = Mimusops of kauki) of Sapotaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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