Hingula, Hiṅgūla, Hiṅgula, Hiṅgulā: 15 definitions



Hingula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल, “cinnabar”):—Sanskrit name for one of the drugs belonging to the Sādhāraṇarasa group, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Hiṅgūla has various medicinal and alchemical applications, such as stimulating the digestive system. Cinnabar is a non-metallic toxic form of mercury sulfide.

Hiṅgūla is said to have two varieties:

  1. Śukatuṇḍa (also known as Carmāra),
  2. Haṃsapāda (also known as Pāka).
Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Hiṅgūla (cinnabar) is said to have two varieties

  1. Śukatuṇḍa (also known as Carmāra),
  2. Haṃsapāda or (Pāka).

Hiṅgūla is dīpana (digestive stimulant), sarvadoṣaghna (destroyer of all doṣas), atirasāyana (best rejuvenator), and sarvarogahara, (curative for all the diseases). It is also recommended for drāvaṇa-karma (may be useful in dhātudrāvaṇa or kāminīdravaṇa).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (e.g. Hiṅgula) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Hiṅgulā (हिङ्गुला) is the name of a Śāktapīṭha mentioned in the Kulārṇavatantra. The Kulārṇava-tantra is an important 11th century work for the Kaula school of Śāktism. It refers to eighteen such Śākta-pīṭhas (e.g. Hiṅgulā) which is defined as a sacred sanctuary of Devī located here on earth. According to legend, there are in total fifty-one such sanctuaries (pīṭha) on earth, created from the corresponding parts of Devī’s body,

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल) or Haṃsapāda refers to Ferula narthex, and is the name of a medicinal plant dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., Hiṅgula) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल) refers to “vermilion”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (e.g., hiṅgula). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल) or Hiṅgulapabbata is the name of a mountain situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Hiṅgula-pabbata is in the Himavantapadesa. Hinglāj is situated at the extremity of the range of mountains in Beluchisthan called by the name of Hiṅgulā, about 20 miles or a day’s journey from the sea-coast, on the bank of the Aghor or Hiṅgulā or Hingol river near its mouth.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hiṅgula (हिंगुल).—m S Vermilion.

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hiṅgūḷa (हिंगूळ).—m (hiṅgula S) Vermilion, a preparation of mercury with sulphur.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hiṅgūḷa (हिंगूळ).—m Vermilion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल).—

Derivable forms: hiṅgulaḥ (हिङ्गुलः), hiṅgulam (हिङ्गुलम्).

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Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल).—An esculent root (as of Amorphophallus Campanulatus; Mar. suraṇa).

Derivable forms: hiṅgūlam (हिङ्गूलम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) Vermilion. f. (-lī) The egg-plant, (Solanum melon gena.) E. hiṅgu asafœtida, to take or give, aff. ka .

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Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल).—n.

(-laṃ) An esculent root, a sort of yam. “ālu” .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल).—[neuter] vermilion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल):—[from hiṅgu] m. n. a preparation of mercury with sulphur, vermilion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) Hiṅgulā (हिङ्गुला):—[from hiṅgula > hiṅgu] a f. See below

3) [from hiṅgu] b f. Name of a country, [Vāmana-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of the tutelary deity of the Dadhi-parṇas, [Catalogue(s)]

5) Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल):—[from hiṅgu] m. a kind of plant ([varia lectio] hijjala), [Pañcarātra]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the edible root of Amorphophallus Campanulatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Vermilion. f. (ī) The egg-plant.

2) Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल):—(laṃ) 1. n. An esculent root, sort of yam.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल):—

1) m. n. Mennig oder Zinnober [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 35.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1061.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 146.] [Hārāvalī 155.] [Halāyudha 2, 466.] [Ratnamālā 289.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 13, 58.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 77, 30.] pāradahiṅgule [Oxforder Handschriften 321,a, No. 761.] [KĀLACAKRA 5,201.] —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium a) der Familiengottheit der Dadhiparṇa [Oxforder Handschriften 19,b,1.] — b) einer Gegend [Śabdakalpadruma] nach dem [TANTRACŪḌĀMAṆI]. —

3) f. ī Solanum Melongena [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 2.] [Medinīkoṣa] = bṛhatī [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. haiṅgula .

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Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल):—m. eine best. Pflanze [PAÑCAR. 1, 7, 24 ] (v. l. hijjala). n. eine best. Wurzel (madhumūla) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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