Hingula, aka: Hiṅgūla, Hiṅgula, Hiṅgulā; 7 Definition(s)


Hingula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Hiṅgūla (हिङ्गूल, “cinnabar”):—Sanskrit name for one of the drugs belonging to the Sādhāraṇarasa group, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Hiṅgūla has various medicinal and alchemical applications, such as stimulating the digestive system. Cinnabar is a non-metallic toxic form of mercury sulfide.

Hiṅgūla is said to have two varieties:

  1. Śukatuṇḍa (also known as Carmāra),
  2. Haṃsapāda (also known as Pāka).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Hiṅgūla (cinnabar) is said to have two varieties

  1. Śukatuṇḍa (also known as Carmāra),
  2. Haṃsapāda or (Pāka).

Hiṅgūla is dīpana (digestive stimulant), sarvadoṣaghna (destroyer of all doṣas), atirasāyana (best rejuvenator), and sarvarogahara, (curative for all the diseases). It is also recommended for drāvaṇa-karma (may be useful in dhātudrāvaṇa or kāminīdravaṇa).

(Source): Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Hiṅgula) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Hiṅgulā (हिङ्गुला) is the name of a Śāktapīṭha mentioned in the Kulārṇavatantra. The Kulārṇava-tantra is an important 11th century work for the Kaula school of Śāktism. It refers to eighteen such Śākta-pīṭhas (eg. Hiṅgulā) which is defined as a sacred sanctuary of Devī located here on earth. According to legend, there are in total fifty-one such sanctuaries (pīṭha) on earth, created from the corresponding parts of Devī’s body,

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Śāktism book cover
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Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Hiṅgula (हिङ्गुल) refers to “vermilion”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (eg., hiṅgula). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

hiṅgula (हिंगुल).—m S Vermilion.

--- OR ---

hiṅgūḷa (हिंगूळ).—m (hiṅgula S) Vermilion, a preparation of mercury with sulphur.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hiṅgūḷa (हिंगूळ).—m Vermilion.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śukatuṇḍa (शुकतुण्ड, “parrot’s beak”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single ...
pāka (पाक).—m Dressing, cooking. Maturity. Digestion. Suppuration. Decoction (as of medicinal h...
hiṅguḷī (हिंगुळी).—a (hiṅgūḷa) Belonging or relating to hiṅgūḷa.
Haṃsapādā (हंसपादा).—An Apsaras.** Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 8.
Hiṅgulaka, (cp. Sk. hiṅgula, nt.) vermilion; as jāti° J.V, 67. 416; VvA4, 168. Also as °ikā (...
hiṅgōḷa (हिंगोळ).—m Vermilion.
Sādhāraṇarasa (महारस):—The name of a group drugs, as listed in the Rasaprakāśasudhākar...
hiṅgaḷūka (हिंगळूक).—m P (Commonly hiṅgūḷa) Vermilion.
Carmāra (चर्मार):—Another name for Śukatuṇḍa, which is a variety of Hiṅgūla (‘cinnabar...
Kulārṇavatantra (कुलार्णवतन्त्र).—The Kulārṇava is one of the most important Tāntric works. It ...
Hingali Lakha
hiṅgaḷī lākha (हिंगळी लाख).—f Cake-lac made up with hiṅgūḷa or vermilion.
Pṛthvīkāya (पृथ्वीकाय) refers to “earth-embodied life forms” and is one of the five types of ‘i...
hiṅguḷūka (हिंगुळूक).—m P (Commonly hiṅgūḷa) Vermilion, factitious cinnabar.

Relevant text

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