Tunda, Tuṇḍa, Tuṇḍā, Tumda: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Tunda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—A King. The Pāṇḍavas invited this King to take part in the great Mahābhārata battle. (Śloka 21, Chapter 4, Udyoga Parva).

2) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—A demon. This demon who was one among the army of Rāvaṇa fought against the monkey leader, Nala, in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle. (Śloka 9, Chapter 285, Vana Parva).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tuṇḍā (तुण्डा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tuṇḍā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Tunḍa (तुन्ड):—Pincers

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Tuṇḍa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tuṇḍa : (nt.) the beak; snout.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa, (nt.) (Sk. tuṇḍa, prob. dial. for tunda which belongs to tudati) the beak of birds, the mouth, snout S. V, 148 (of a monkey); J. I, 222; IV, 210; DhA. I, 394. (Page 304)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tuṇḍa (तुंड).—n S (Common in poetry.) The mouth or face.

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tunda (तुंद).—a (tunda S Belly.) Plump and sleek; well-filled and in good condition; fat and contented;--used esp. of beasts. 2 Puffed up; satisfied with self; complacent: also intoxicated, lit. fig. with opium, riches, power. 3 Used adverbially and enhancingly with verbs of filling; as tunda bharaṇēṃ To fill chuck-full.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tuṇḍa (तुंड).—n The mouth or face.

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tunda (तुंद).—a Plump and sleek. Puffed up. tunda bharaṇēṃ Fill; chuck-full.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—[tuṇḍ-ac]

1) Mouth, face, beak, snout (of a hog); पक्षतुण्डप्रहारैश्च शतशो जर्जरीकृतम् (pakṣatuṇḍaprahāraiśca śataśo jarjarīkṛtam) Mb.3.279.5; तुण्डै- राताम्रकुटिलैः (tuṇḍai- rātāmrakuṭilaiḥ) (śukāḥ) Kāv.2.9.

2) The trunk of an elephant.

3) The point of an instrument.

-ṇḍaḥ Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: tuṇḍam (तुण्डम्).

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Tunda (तुन्द).—The belly, a corpulent or protuberant belly.

-ndaḥ, -ndī The navel.

Derivable forms: tundam (तुन्दम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—(m. or nt.; in Sanskrit beak, snout, of birds and animals, only contemptuously of men; so Pali tuṇḍa and °ḍaka; compare next), (1) face (?), of men, as a part shaven: śiras-tuṇḍa-muṇḍa Śikṣāsamuccaya 59.17 and 68.2 (Transl. once cheek, once chin), of monks, shaven of head and face; [Page255-b+ 71] śiras-tuṇḍa-muṇḍana Bodhisattvabhūmi 194.5; (2) in Vajra-tuṇḍī, [bahuvrīhi] [compound], q.v., Hoernle assumes tuṇḍa, navel (compare Sanskrit Lex. tuṇḍi, tuṇḍikā, tunda, late Sanskrit tundikā, Schmidt, Nachträge); (3) in tuṇḍa-bandham (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 110.9, uncertain, possibly (binding of the) belly? (Sanskrit tunda, pot-belly; AMg. tunda, belly); but possibly face, as in (1), or mouth; (4) trunk of an elephant: na hasti-tuṇḍāvalambitam Mahāvyutpatti 8528.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) The mouth, the face. E. tuḍi to tear, (food, &c.) affix ac, and kan being added tuṇḍaka.

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Tunda (तुन्द).—n.

(-ndaṃ) The belly. f. (-ndī) The navel: see tuṇḍi. E. tud to torment, ka affix, and num augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—a form of tund + ra, n. 1. Beak, Mahābhārata 1, 1474. 2. Snout, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 13, 31. 3. The name of a Rāk- ṣasa or demon, Mahābhārata 3, 16372.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—[neuter] beak, snout, trunk (of an elephant), mouth, face; point; chief, head; [Epithet] of Śiva, [Name] of a Rakṣas; [feminine] ī a kind of cucumber.

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Tunda (तुन्द).—[neuter] belly, [feminine] ī navel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड):—n. a beak, snout (of a hog etc.), trunk (of an elephant), [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka x; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) the mouth (used contemptuously), [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra ii, 2, 28; Śaṃkarācārya]

3) the point (of an arrow etc.) See ayas-, dhūs-

4) the chief, leader, [Dhūrtanartaka i, 4]

5) m. Cucumis utilissimus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Beninkasa cerifera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Śiva, [Harivaṃśa 14882]

8) Name of a Rakṣas, [Mahābhārata iii, 16372]

9) cf. asthi-, kaṅka-, kāka-, kṛṣṇa-, vāyasa-, sūkṣma-; kaṭuand tikta-tuṇḍī

10) Tunda (तुन्द):—n. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 117]) a protuberant belly, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension xxiii, 1]

11) the belly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) mfn. having a protuberant belly [gana] arśa-ādi

13) m. the navel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड):—(ṇḍaḥ) 1. m. The mouth or face.

2) Tunda (तुन्द):—(ndaṃ) 1. n. The belly. f. (ndī) Navel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tuṃḍa, Tuṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tunda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Tuṃḍa (तुंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tuṇḍa.

2) Tuṃda (तुंद) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tunda.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tuṃḍa (ತುಂಡ):—

1) [noun] a domineering and haughtily or rudely arrogant man.

2) [noun] a man who steals secretly or without open force or who is guilty of theft.

3) [noun] a merciless, cruel man.

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Tuṃḍa (ತುಂಡ):—

1) [noun] the front part of the head, from the forehead to the chin; the face.

2) [noun] the bill of a bird; the beak.

3) [noun] the part of an animaḷs head projecting forward and containing the nose and jaws.

4) [noun] the long, flexible, cylindrical nasal appendage of the elephant; the trunk.

5) [noun] the upper part of the body in humans, joined to the trunk by the neck, containing the brain, eyes, ears, nose, and mouth; the head.

6) [noun] the opening through which a human being or an animal takes in food; the mouth.

7) [noun] the pointed end of a weapon (as an arrow).

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Tuṃda (ತುಂದ):—

1) [noun] the lower front part of the human body between the chest and thighs; the abdomen; the belly.

2) [noun] a protruding belly; pot-belly.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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