Tunda, Tuṇḍa, Tuṇḍā, Tumda: 26 definitions


Tunda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—A King. The Pāṇḍavas invited this King to take part in the great Mahābhārata battle. (Śloka 21, Chapter 4, Udyoga Parva).

2) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—A demon. This demon who was one among the army of Rāvaṇa fought against the monkey leader, Nala, in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle. (Śloka 9, Chapter 285, Vana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) refers to the “face”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “Thus addressed by you the delighted Menā stared at the lord with joy; the lord Īśāna of wonderful features and of wonderful attendants. Immediately the army of Śiva came there consisting of wonderful arrays of Bhūtas, Pretas and Gaṇas. Some were in the form of violent gusts of wind, producing hissing sounds with waving flags. Some had crooked faces (vakra-tuṇḍa). Others were deformed. [...]”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tuṇḍā (तुण्डा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tuṇḍā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Tunḍa (तुन्ड):—Pincers

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) refers to the “beak (of an animal or bird)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “The great sealing of the boundary is present until the stake is drawn out. All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. Furthermore, not even a single leaf will wither. How much less the ends of branches will become dry. All kinds of pests, wild animals and birds will be bound in the beak (tuṇḍatuṇḍe bandhaṃ). They cannot cause destruction. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) refers to the “beak” (of a bird), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] There are also other females [who are] headless and running, headless and dancing, and legless and sleeping. [Some] have heads [in the shape] of beaks of a crow (kāka-tuṇḍaka) and other [birds] [śiraḥkākādituṇḍakāḥ]. They also dance with joy because of being in a great meditative state. This way, he should make lunar mansions and so on [placed] in the middle of the ground. [They] should be known in [their] respective colors. Everyone has a vehicle. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Tuṇḍa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Tunda [ତୁଣ୍ଡା] in the Oriya language is the name of a plant identified with Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. from the Combretaceae (Rangoon creeper) family having the following synonyms: Bruguiera madagascariensis, Petaloma alternifolia. For the possible medicinal usage of tunda, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Tunda in Canary Islands is the name of a plant defined with Toona ciliata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cedrela kingii var. birmanica C. DC. (among others).

2) Tunda in Congo is also identified with Senna alata It has the synonym Cassia bracteata L.f. (etc.).

3) Tunda in Guinea is also identified with Spathodea campanulata It has the synonym Bignonia tulipifera Thonn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2000)
· Flore d’Oware et de Benin en Afrique. (1805)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2007)
· Taxon (1981)
· The Gardeners Dictionary
· Phytomedicine (1999)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tunda, for example side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tuṇḍa : (nt.) the beak; snout.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa, (nt.) (Sk. tuṇḍa, prob. dial. for tunda which belongs to tudati) the beak of birds, the mouth, snout S. V, 148 (of a monkey); J. I, 222; IV, 210; DhA. I, 394. (Page 304)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tuṇḍa (तुंड).—n S (Common in poetry.) The mouth or face.

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tunda (तुंद).—a (tunda S Belly.) Plump and sleek; well-filled and in good condition; fat and contented;--used esp. of beasts. 2 Puffed up; satisfied with self; complacent: also intoxicated, lit. fig. with opium, riches, power. 3 Used adverbially and enhancingly with verbs of filling; as tunda bharaṇēṃ To fill chuck-full.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tuṇḍa (तुंड).—n The mouth or face.

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tunda (तुंद).—a Plump and sleek. Puffed up. tunda bharaṇēṃ Fill; chuck-full.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—[tuṇḍ-ac]

1) Mouth, face, beak, snout (of a hog); पक्षतुण्डप्रहारैश्च शतशो जर्जरीकृतम् (pakṣatuṇḍaprahāraiśca śataśo jarjarīkṛtam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.279.5; तुण्डै- राताम्रकुटिलैः (tuṇḍai- rātāmrakuṭilaiḥ) (śukāḥ) Kāv.2.9.

2) The trunk of an elephant.

3) The point of an instrument.

-ṇḍaḥ Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: tuṇḍam (तुण्डम्).

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Tunda (तुन्द).—The belly, a corpulent or protuberant belly.

-ndaḥ, -ndī The navel.

Derivable forms: tundam (तुन्दम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—(m. or nt.; in Sanskrit beak, snout, of birds and animals, only contemptuously of men; so Pali tuṇḍa and °ḍaka; compare next), (1) face (?), of men, as a part shaven: śiras-tuṇḍa-muṇḍa Śikṣāsamuccaya 59.17 and 68.2 (Transl. once cheek, once chin), of monks, shaven of head and face; [Page255-b+ 71] śiras-tuṇḍa-muṇḍana Bodhisattvabhūmi 194.5; (2) in Vajra-tuṇḍī, [bahuvrīhi] [compound], q.v., Hoernle assumes tuṇḍa, navel (compare Sanskrit Lex. tuṇḍi, tuṇḍikā, tunda, late Sanskrit tundikā, Schmidt, Nachträge); (3) in tuṇḍa-bandham (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 110.9, uncertain, possibly (binding of the) belly? (Sanskrit tunda, pot-belly; AMg. tunda, belly); but possibly face, as in (1), or mouth; (4) trunk of an elephant: na hasti-tuṇḍāvalambitam Mahāvyutpatti 8528.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) The mouth, the face. E. tuḍi to tear, (food, &c.) affix ac, and kan being added tuṇḍaka.

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Tunda (तुन्द).—n.

(-ndaṃ) The belly. f. (-ndī) The navel: see tuṇḍi. E. tud to torment, ka affix, and num augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—a form of tund + ra, n. 1. Beak, Mahābhārata 1, 1474. 2. Snout, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 13, 31. 3. The name of a Rāk- ṣasa or demon, Mahābhārata 3, 16372.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड).—[neuter] beak, snout, trunk (of an elephant), mouth, face; point; chief, head; [Epithet] of Śiva, [Name] of a Rakṣas; [feminine] ī a kind of cucumber.

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Tunda (तुन्द).—[neuter] belly, [feminine] ī navel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड):—n. a beak, snout (of a hog etc.), trunk (of an elephant), [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka x; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) the mouth (used contemptuously), [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra ii, 2, 28; Śaṃkarācārya]

3) the point (of an arrow etc.) See ayas-, dhūs-

4) the chief, leader, [Dhūrtanartaka i, 4]

5) m. Cucumis utilissimus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Beninkasa cerifera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Śiva, [Harivaṃśa 14882]

8) Name of a Rakṣas, [Mahābhārata iii, 16372]

9) cf. asthi-, kaṅka-, kāka-, kṛṣṇa-, vāyasa-, sūkṣma-; kaṭuand tikta-tuṇḍī

10) Tunda (तुन्द):—n. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 117]) a protuberant belly, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension xxiii, 1]

11) the belly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) mfn. having a protuberant belly [gana] arśa-ādi

13) m. the navel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड):—(ṇḍaḥ) 1. m. The mouth or face.

2) Tunda (तुन्द):—(ndaṃ) 1. n. The belly. f. (ndī) Navel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tuṃḍa, Tuṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tunda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Tuṃḍa (तुंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tuṇḍa.

2) Tuṃda (तुंद) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tunda.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tuṃḍa (ತುಂಡ):—

1) [noun] a domineering and haughtily or rudely arrogant man.

2) [noun] a man who steals secretly or without open force or who is guilty of theft.

3) [noun] a merciless, cruel man.

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Tuṃḍa (ತುಂಡ):—

1) [noun] the front part of the head, from the forehead to the chin; the face.

2) [noun] the bill of a bird; the beak.

3) [noun] the part of an animaḷs head projecting forward and containing the nose and jaws.

4) [noun] the long, flexible, cylindrical nasal appendage of the elephant; the trunk.

5) [noun] the upper part of the body in humans, joined to the trunk by the neck, containing the brain, eyes, ears, nose, and mouth; the head.

6) [noun] the opening through which a human being or an animal takes in food; the mouth.

7) [noun] the pointed end of a weapon (as an arrow).

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Tuṃda (ತುಂದ):—

1) [noun] the lower front part of the human body between the chest and thighs; the abdomen; the belly.

2) [noun] a protruding belly; pot-belly.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Tuṇḍa (तुण्ड):—n. 1. mouth; face; beak; snout; 2. trunk of an elephant; 3. point/tip of an instrument;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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