Shipra, Siprā, Sipra, Śiprā, Śipra: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shipra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śiprā and Śipra can be transliterated into English as Sipra or Shipra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śiprā (शिप्रा) is the name of a river, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.7. Accordingly:—“[...] Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva got her [viz., Arundhatī’s] marriage celebrated with Vasiṣṭha, the son of Brahmā. O sage, great festivities in the marriage ceremony increased happiness. The sages and the Gods were very happy on that account. From the water oozing from the hands of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva, the seven holy rivers Śiprā and others rose and flowed”.

Note: Śiprā or Kṣiprā, on which Ujjain, the Capital of the Mālava country is situated rises from the Pāripātra or Pāriyātra hills. Fed by its tributaries it flows in the Mālava Deśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śiprā (शिप्रा).—A river from the Ṛṣyavan.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 98.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Siprā (सिप्रा) is the name of a river according to the story “Śiva and Mādhava”, mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 24. The story was told by princess Kanakarekhā to her father Paropakārin in order to demonstrate that “all kinds of deceptions are practised on the earth by rogues”. Accordingly, “But Śiva, who was expert in every kind of deception, having assumed the disguise of a religious ascetic, first entered that town (Ujjayinī) alone. There he took up his quarters in a hut on the banks of the Siprā, in which he placed, so that that could be seen, clay, darbha grass, a vessel for begging, and a deerskin”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Siprā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Śiprā (शिप्रा) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—A river on which Ujjyinī is situated.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śipra (शिप्र).—Name of a lake on the Himālaya; ततो हिमवतः प्रस्थे प्रतीच्यां तत्पुरस्य च । शिप्रो नाम सरः पूर्णं ददृशुर्द्रुहिणादयः (tato himavataḥ prasthe pratīcyāṃ tatpurasya ca | śipro nāma saraḥ pūrṇaṃ dadṛśurdruhiṇādayaḥ) || Kālikā P.

-pram Ved.

1) A cheek; jaw.

2) The chin.

3) The nose.

4) A helmet or visor.

Derivable forms: śipraḥ (शिप्रः).

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Śiprā (शिप्रा).—

1) Name of a river which issues from the Śipra lake and on the bank of which stands Ujjayinī; शिप्रावातः प्रियतम इव प्रार्थनाचाटुकारः (śiprāvātaḥ priyatama iva prārthanācāṭukāraḥ) Me.31.

2) A visor or helmet.

--- OR ---

Sipra (सिप्र).—

1) Perspiration, sweat.

2) The moon.

Derivable forms: sipraḥ (सिप्रः).

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Siprā (सिप्रा).—

1) A woman's zone or girdle.

2) A female buffalo.

3) A river near Ujjayinī; see शिप्रा (śiprā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śipra (शिप्र).—m.

(-praḥ) Name of a lake on the Himalaya. f.

(-prā) Name of a river which flows by Ujjayini. E. śi-rak puk ca .

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Sipra (सिप्र).—m.

(-praḥ) 1. Perspiration, sweat. 2. The moon. f.

(-prā) 1. The Sipra, a river near Oujein. 2. A woman’s zone. 3. A female buffalo.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sipra (सिप्र).—I. m. 1. Perspiration, sweat. 2. The moon. Ii. f. . 1. A woman’s zone. 2. A female buffalo. 3. A river near Oujein, [Pañcatantra] 240, 11; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiprā (शिप्रा).—[feminine] [dual] the cheeks or those parts of a helmet that cover them.

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Siprā (सिप्रा).—[feminine] [Name] of a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śipra (शिप्र):—m. See sipra

2) ([in the beginning of a compound]) = śiprā f. (See below).

3) Śiprā (शिप्रा):—[from śipra] f. ([dual number]) the cheeks, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the visors (of a helmet), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] (sg.) the nose, [Nirukta, by Yāska vi, 17.]

6) Sipra (सिप्र):—m. (less correctly śipra; derivation unknown) sweat, perspiration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Siprā (सिप्रा):—[from sipra] f. a woman’s zone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a female buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a river near Ujjayinī, [Kālidāsa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

11) Sipra (सिप्र):—n. Name of a lake, [Kālikā-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śiprā (शिप्रा):—

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Sipra (सिप्र):—

1) m. a) Schweiss [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 128.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 468.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 98.] [Hārāvalī 154.] — b) der Mond [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 85.] —

2) f. ā a) Nomen proprium eines bei Ujjayinī vorbeifliessenden Flusses [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Harivaṃśa 9509.] [Meghadūta 32.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 35.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 16, 9.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 92. 107. 37, 4.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 185, Nalopākhyāna 80.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57, 20. 24.] [Pañcatantra 240, 11.] [Kalikāpurāṇa 23 im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) a woman’s zone und a female buffalo [WILSON] ohne Angabe einer Aut. —

3) n. Nomen proprium eines Sees, aus dem die Siprā entspringt, [KĀLIKĀP. 23. 41 im Śabdakalpadruma] — Hier und da mit śa geschrieben.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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