Sharma, Śarma, Sarmā, Sarma: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Sharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarma can be transliterated into English as Sarma or Sharma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sharm.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śarma (शर्म).—A common designation for a Brahman.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 8-9.

2) Sarmā (सर्मा).—A daughter of Krodhavaśa and a wife of Pulaha: mother of Śyāma and Śabala, followers of Yama.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 172, 312, 441.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śarma (शर्म) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.22) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śarma) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarma (शर्म).—See under śarama &c.

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śarmā (शर्मा).—ind (S) An adjunct proper to the names of Brahmans; as viṣṇuśarmā brāmhaṇa. The adjunct to the names of the kṣatriya is varmā; as indravarmā kṣatriya; that to the names of the vaiśya is gupta; as candragupta vaiśya; that to the names of Shudras is pālita; as rāma- pālita śūdra. No meaning seems to be involved in these affixes.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sarma (सर्म).—m A canto; a section of a poem. Creation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarma (सर्म).—

1) Going, motion; अभिक्रम्याव जिघ्नतेऽपः सर्माय चोदयन् (abhikramyāva jighnate'paḥ sarmāya codayan) Ṛv.1.8.5.

2) The sky.

3) Heaven.

-sarman n. happiness; Uṇ.1.13.

Derivable forms: sarmaḥ (सर्मः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarma (सर्म).—i. e. sṛ + ma, m. Going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarma (सर्म).—[masculine] flowing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarma (शर्म):—[from śarman] 1. śarma n. = śarman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. śarma in [compound] for śarman.

3) Sarma (सर्म):—[from sara] a m. going, running, flowing, [Ṛg-veda i, 80, 5.] cf. [Greek] ὁρμή.

4) b See p. 1183, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarma (सर्म):—(rmmaḥ) 1. m. Sky, heaven.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śarma (शर्म) [Also spelled sharm]:—(nf) shame; bashfulness, shyness; ~[nāka] shameful, disgraceful; ~[sāra] ashamed; shy; hence ~[sārī] (nf); [śarmāhajūrī] through modesty/personal consideration; -[hayā] shame and modesty; shame; —[ānā] to feel shy; to be ashamed; —[karanā] to be ashamed; to be shy/bashful; —[kī bāta] something to be ashamed of, disgraceful thing; —[ke māre muṃha na dikhānā] to hide one’s head; —[khānā] to be ashamed; to feel shy/bashful; —[se gaḍa jānā/-se pānī-pānī honā] to die through shame, to feel thoroughly ashamed; —[se gardana jhukanā] to hang the head down through shame.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śarma (ಶರ್ಮ):—[adjective] pleasing; giving pleasure, comfort, joy; happy; joyous.

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Śarma (ಶರ್ಮ):—

1) [noun] joy; happiness.

2) [noun] a blessing a favouring or an inclination to favour.

3) [noun] a shelter; a refuge.

4) [noun] a house; a residence.

5) [noun] a man who gives joy, happiness, to another or others.

6) [noun] a suffix to the name of many brāhmanas.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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