Susharman, aka: Su-sharman, Susarman, Suśarman; 7 Definition(s)
Susharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Suśarman can be transliterated into English as Susarman or Susharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Suśarman (सुशर्मन्) is the name of a King whose story is told in “Story of Puṣpadanta”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7. He had a daughter named Śrī.
2) Suśarman (सुशर्मन्) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a fourfold-power warrior (caturguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Suśarman, and others], these princes are warriors of fourfold power”.
The story of Suśarman was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Suśarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Suśarman (सुशर्मन्).—A Pāñcāla warrior who fought on the Pāṇḍava side in the great war. He was harassed in various ways by Bhīṣma and was ultimately killed by Karṇa. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Verse 46).
2) Suśarman (सुशर्मन्).—Last of the Kings in the Kaṇva dynasty. He was killed by his minister Bali. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Suśarman (सुशर्मन्).—A king of Trigarttas and the prince a vassal of Yudhiṣṭhira: went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11 ; 82. 26.
1b) A Kaṇva king after Nārāyaṇa was killed by his servant, a Vṛṣala and Āndhra jātīya, who usurped the kingdom. After some time his brother Kṛṣṇa, became king: ruled for four years (ten years Matsya-purāṇa);1 a son of Nārāyaṇa; with him the Kaṇva dynasty came to an end; killed by his servant Balipucchaka, an Andhra.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 20, 22-3; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 35; 273. 1-2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 159.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 346-48; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 41-3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Suśarman (सुशर्मन्) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Susarman was the King of the Trigartas, with their capital at the city of Prasthala. From the time the Trigartas were conquered by Arjuna when he set out on his campaign of conquest (to enable Yudhishtra to perform the Rajasuya sacrifice), the Trigartas were the sworn enemies of the Pandavas.
The Trigartas were also closely allied with the Saindhavas, particularly their king Jayadratha. They assisted him when he tried to abduct Draupadi from the Kamyaka forest. She had been in exile then along with the Pandavas, but they had gone out to hunt.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
India history and geogprahy
Suśarman (सुशर्मन्) is an example of a name based on abstract qualities mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Suśarman) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Susharman, Su-sharman, Susarman or Suśarman. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section XXXIII < [Go-harana Parva]
Section XXXII < [Go-harana Parva]
Section XXX < [Go-harana Parva]
Chapter 3 - The Trigartas attack the Kingdom of Virata < [Virata Parva]
Chapter 3 - Lord Krishna Saves Yudhisthira from Death < [Karna Parva]
Chapter 7 - The Seventh Day of Combat < [Bhisma Parva]
The Bhagavad-gita Mahatmya (by N.A. Deshpande)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter VII < [Book I - Kathāpīṭha]
Chapter XLVII < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Chapter XLVIII < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)