Agnisharman, Agniśarman, Agni-sharman: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Agnisharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Agniśarman can be transliterated into English as Agnisarman or Agnisharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Agnisharman in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Agniśarman (अग्निशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman who narrated some enticing stories to king Śrutasena, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 33. Accordingly, “... and once on a time the king [Śrutasena], while brooding over that sorrow, began to talk about it, and was thus addressed by a Brāhman, named Agniśarman”. Eventually, “... when King Śrutasena heard from that Brāhman [Agniśarman] this speech, which was like the command of the God of Love, he became ardently attached to Vidyuddyotā, so he immediately sent off the Brāhman and took steps to have her brought quickly, and married her”.

The story of Agniśarman and Śrutasena was narrated to Udayana (king of Vatsa) by Yaugandharāyaṇa in order to demonstrate that “matrons cannot endure the interruption of a deep affection” demonstrated by the anecdote that “chaste women, when their beloved is attached to another, or has gone to heaven, become careless about all enjoyments and determined to die, though their intentions are inscrutable on account of the haughtiness of their character”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Agniśarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Agnisharman in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Agniśarman (अग्निशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman’s son from Siṃhapura and a previous incarnation of Asitākṣa, according to chapter 4.7 [sanatkumāra-cakrin-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now, Nāgadatta, grieved by the separation from his wife, wandered in animal-births after death because of painful meditation (ārtadhyāna). Wandering through births for a long time, he became a Brāhman’s son, Agniśarman, in the city Siṃhapura. In course of time he became a three-staved ascetic and went to the city Ratnapura, devoted to severe penance of two months, etc. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Agnisharman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agniśarman (अग्निशर्मन्).—a. [agniriva śṛṇāti tīvrakopatvāt śṝ-manin] very passionate. (-m.) Name of a sage.

Agniśarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agni and śarman (शर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agniśarman (अग्निशर्मन्):—[=agni-śarman] [from agni] m. Name of a man.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agnisharman in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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