Samma, aka: Sammā, Saṃmā; 4 Definition(s)


Samma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Samma in Theravada glossaries]

F Good, right, correct.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Samma in Jainism glossaries]

Samma (सम्म) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning samma) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

(Source): Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Samma in Pali glossaries]

samma : (a term of familiar address; seen only in voc.) my dear. (nt.) a cymbal. || sammā (ind.) properly; rightly; thoroughly.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sammā, 2 (indecl.) (Vedic samyac (=samyak) & samīś “connected, in one”; see under saṃ°) thoroughly, properly, rightly; in the right way, as it ought to be, best, perfectly (opp. micchā) D. I, 12; Vin. I, 12; Sn. 359; 947; Dh. 89, 373. Usually as °-, like sammā-dhārā even or proper showers (i.e. at the right time) Pv. II, 970; especially in connection with constituents of the eightfold Aryan Path, where it is contrasted with micchā; see magga 2 a. (e.g. VbhA. 114 sq. , 121, 320 sq.). ‹-› The form sammā is reduced to samma° before short vowels (with the insertion of a sandhi —d-, cp. puna-deva), like samma-d-eva properly, in harmony or completeness D. I, 110; Vin. I, 9: PvA. 139, 157; samma-daññā & °akkhāta (see below); and before double consonants arisen from assimilation, like sammag-gata (=samyak+gata). The cpds. we shall divide into two groups, viz. (A) cpds. with samma°, (B) with sammā°.

A. —akkhāta well preached Dh. 86. —aññā perfect knowledge Vin. I, 183; S. I, 4; IV, 128; Dh. 57 (°vimutta, cp. DhA. I, 434); It. 38, 79, 93, 95, 108. —attha a proper or good thing or cause J. VI, 16. —ddasa having right views A. II, 18; S. IV, 205, 207; Sn. 733; It. 47, 61, 81; Kvu 339. —ggata (cp. BSk. samyaggata Divy 399) who has wandered rightly, perfect M. I, 66; who has attained the highest point, an Arahant D. I, 55; S. I, 76; A. I, 269; IV, 226; V, 265; J. III, 305; It. 87; Ap 218. Also sammāgata Vin. II, 20317. —ppajāna having right knowledge Dh. 20; It. 115. —ppaññā right knowledge, true wisdom Vin. I, 14; Dh. 57, 190; Sn. 143; It. 17; Miln. 39. —ppadhāna (cp. BSk. samyakprahāna Divy 208) right exertion Vin. I, 22; Dhs. 358; Dpvs 18, 5; they are four D. II, 120; M. III, 296; explained M. II, 11 (anuppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ anuppādāya; uppannānaṃ pahānāya; anuppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya; uppannānaṃ ṭhitiyā).

B. —ājīva right living, right means of livelihood, right occupation Vin. I, 10; S. V, 421, etc.; formula D. II, 312; (adj.) living in the right way M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —kammanta right conduct, right behaviour Vin. I, 10; S. V, 421 etc.; definition D. II, 312; Dhs. 300; adj. behaving in the right way M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —ñāṇa right knowledge, enlightenment, results from right concentration D. II, 217; A. I, 292; adj. M. I, 42. —ñāṇin possessing the right insight A. II, 89, 222. —dassana right views Vism. 605. —diṭṭhi right views, right belief, the first stage of the noble eightfold path, consists in the knowledge of the four truths D. II, 311; its essence is knowledge Dhs. 20, 297, 317; cp. Vism. 509; comprises the knowledge of the absence of all permanent Being and the reality of universal conditioned Becoming S. II, 17; III, 135; and of the impermanence of the 5 Khandhas S. III, 51=IV. 142; and of Sīla, of causation and of the destruction of the Āsavas M. I, 46—55; how obtained M. I, 294; two degrees of M. III, 72; supremely important A. I, 30—2 292 sq.; (adj.) Miln. I, 47. —diṭṭhika having the right belief D. I, 139; A. II, 89; 220 sq.; III, 115, 138; IV, 290; V, 124 sq.; S. IV, 322. —dvayatānupassin duly considering both-i.e. misery with its origin, the destruction of misery with the path, respectively Sn. p. 140. —dhārā a heavy shower S. V, 379. —paṭipatti right mental disposition A. I, 69; Nett 27; Miln. 97; sammāpaṭipadā Pug. 49 sq.; DhA. IV, 127; sammāpaṭipanna rightly disposed, having the right view D. I, 8, 55; Pug. 49 sq. —passaṃ viewing the matter in the right way S. III, 51; IV, 142. —pāsa (Sk. śamyāprāsa, but BSk. śamyaprāśa Divy 634) a kind of sacrifice Sn. 303; A. II, 42; IV, 151; S. I, 76; It. 21; J. IV, 302; SnA 321. Cp. sammā1. —manasikāra right, careful, thought D. I, 13; DA. I, 104. —vattanā strict, proper, conduct Vin. I, 46, 50; II, 5. —vācā right speech Vin. I, 10; DA. I, 314; definition D. II, 312; Dhs. 299; (adj.) speaking properly M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —vāyāma right effort Vin. I, 10; Dhs. 13, 22, 302; definition D. II, 312; adj. M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —vimutta right emancipation A. I, 292; °vimutti the same D. II, 217; A. II, 196, 222; (adj.) M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —saṅkappa right resolve, right intention Dh. 12; Vin. I, 10; Dhs. 21, 298; definition D. II, 312; (adj.) M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —sati right memory, right mindfulness, self-possession Vin. I, 10; Dhs. 23, 303; definition D. II, 313; (adj.) M. I, 42; A. II, 89. —samādhi right concentration, the last stage of the noble eightfold path Vin. I, 10; Dhs. 24, 304; definition D. II, 313; adj. M. I, 12; A. II, 89. —sampassaṃ having the right view S. IV, 142. —sambuddha perfectly enlightened, a universal Buddha Vin. I, 5; D. I, 49; Dh. 187; J. I, 44; DhA. I, 445; III, 241; VbhA. 436, etc. —sambodhi perfect enlightenment, supreme Buddhaship Vin. I, 11; D. II, 83; S. I, 68, etc. (Page 695)

2) Sammā, 1 (cp. Sk. śamyā) a pin of the yoke Abhp 449; a kind of sacrificial instrument SnA 321 (sammaṃ ettha pāsantī ti sammāpāso; and sātrā-yāgass’etaṃ adhivacanaṃ). Cp. Weber Indische Streifen I. 36, and sammāpāsa, below. (Page 695)

— or —

1) Samma, 3 a cymbal Miln. 60; Dhs. 621; J. I, 3; DhsA. 319. ‹-› Otherwise as °tāḷa a kind of cymbal Th. 1, 893, 911; Vv 353; VvA. 161; J. VI, 60; 277 (-l-). (Page 695)

2) Samma, 2 (samyak) see sammā. (Page 695)

3) Samma, 1 (as to etym. Andersen, P. Reader II. 263 quite plausibly connects it with Vedic śam (indecl.) “hail, ” which is often used in a vocative sense, esp. in combn śam ca yos ca “hail & blessing!”, but also suggests relation to sammā. Other suggestions see Andersen, s. v. ) a term of familiar address D. I, 49, 225; DA. I, 151; Vin. II, 161; J. I, 59; PvA. 204; plur. sammā Vin. II, 161. (Page 695)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 101 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samma Ditthi
sammādiṭṭhi : (f.) right belief.
Samma Padhana
Pali for 'supreme efforts';
Samma Sati
1) Sammā, 2 (indecl.) (Vedic samyac (=samyak) & samīś “connected, in one”; see under saṃ°) tho...
Samma Samadhi
1) Sammā, 2 (indecl.) (Vedic samyac (=samyak) & samīś “connected, in one”; see under saṃ°) tho...
Samma Ajiva
With respect to Right Livelihood, the Buddha said that there is nothing wrong with making mo...
Samma Sankappa
Right Thought is associated with seeing how our thoughts and emotions are closely linked, an...
Samma Vaca
Right Speech means that if we are not aware—as normally we are not—then we don’t...
Samma Kammanta
Right Action relates to seeing how what we do is beneficial or harmful to ourselves and othe...
Samma Vayama
Right Effort has four aspects. The first effort has to do with pre­vention: making an ef...
Samma Sambodhi
'Perfect Enlightenment', Universal Buddha-hood, is the state attained by a Universal Buddha (sa...
Samma Magga
see micchā-magga.
Magga, (cp. Epic Sk. mārga, fr. mṛg to track, trace) 1. a road (usually high road), way, foot-p...
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saccā (सच्चा).—a Veracious, true, sincere.
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