Saudasa, Saudāsa: 4 definitions

Introduction

Saudasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Saudāsa (सौदास):—Son of Sudāsa (son of Sarvakāma). He was the husband of Damayantī. He also sometimes goes by the name of Mitrasaha or Kalmāṣapāda. He was sonless and was cursed by Vasiṣṭha to become a man-eater (rākṣasa). He had a son called Aśmaka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.18-39)

On another occasion his wife is called Madayantī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.26-27)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saudāsa (सौदास).—A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. He was known by the name Kalmāṣapāda also. (For details see under Kalmāṣapāda).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saudāsa (सौदास).—Also called Mitrasaha and Kalmāṣānghri; (Kalmāṣapāda, Vāyu-purāṇa) son of Sudāsa; wife of Madayantī, became a Rākṣasa through Vasiṣṭha's curse. Once as he was hunting, he killed a demon. The latter's brother wanted to wreak vengeance on the king and in the guise of a cook, served human flesh to Vasiṣṭha. The sage knew this and cursed him to be a demon for 12 years. The king wanted to curse the sage in return but was stopped by his wife. The consecrated waters fell on his feet and blackened them. Wandering in the forest, he saw a Brahman couple engaged in amorous sports. As a demon he seized the Brahman and ate his flesh despite the lady's protest. She cursed the demon to meet with death in the sexual act and joined her husband on his funeral pyre: after 12 years he returned and longed for union with his queen. She refused remembering the curse of the Brahmana lady. So he appointed Vasiṣṭha to beget a son on his queen. As the child was seven years in pregnancy, Vasiṣṭha hit her stomach with a stone and the child was born. This was Aśmaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 18-39; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 175; 88. 176.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Once Saudāsa went to live in the forest, where he killed a man-eater [Rākṣasa] but forgave and released the man-eater's brother. That brother, however, decided to take revenge. Thinking to harm the King, he became the cook at the King's house. One day, the King's spiritual master, Vasiṣṭha Muni, was invited for dinner, and the Rākṣasa cook served him human flesh.

While examining the food given to him, Vasiṣṭha Muni, by his mystic power, could understand that it was unfit to eat, being the flesh of a human being. He was very angry at this and immediately cursed Saudāsa to become a man-eater.

When Vasiṣṭha understood that the human flesh had been served by the Rākṣasa, not by the King, he undertook twelve years of austerity to cleanse himself for having cursed the faultless King. Meanwhile, King Saudāsa took water and chanted the śapa-mantra, preparing to curse Vasiṣṭha, but his wife, Madayantī, forbade him to do so. Then the King saw that the ten directions, the sky and the surface of the globe were full of living entities everywhere.

Saudāsa thus acquired the propensity of a man-eater and received on his leg a black spot, for which he was known as Kalmāṣapāda.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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