Balika, Balikā, Bālika, Bālikā, Balīka: 20 definitions


Balika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Bālika (बालिक):—Son of Aśmaka (son of Saudāsa). He was known as Nārīkavaca because he was surrounded by women and was therefore saved from the anger of Paraśurāma. He was known as Mūlaka because when Paraśurāma vanquished all the kṣatriyas, he became the progenitor of more kṣatriyas. He had a son named Daśaratha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.39-41)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Susevya (सुसेव्य) refers to “daughter”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.23 (“Attempt of Himavat to dissuade Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, after Pārvatī spoke to her parents and others: “After addressing thus, her father Himalaya, her mother Menakā, her brothers Maināka and Mandara, the eloquent Pārvatī, the daughter of the king of mountains [i.e., parvatarāja-bālikā], kept quiet. Thus addressed by Pārvatī, the lord of mountains and the other mountains went back the way they came, surprised within and praising her. After all of them had departed, she with firm resolve in the great Truth, accompanied by her maids performed a severe penance. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Bālika (बालिक).—A son of Maya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 29.

2) Bālikā (बालिका).—The goddess following Revatī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 73.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Balikā (बलिका) is another name for Atibalā, a medicinal plant identified with Abutilon indicum Linn. (“Indian mallow”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.101-102 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Balikā and Atibalā, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bālikā (बालिका) refers to a “girl”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Now) I will tell (you) about the arising (of the tradition) that gives bliss and accomplishment in the Kṛta Age [...] (There) the (goddess) Kulālikā has five faces. [...] Endowed with the eighteen practices, she wears yellow clothes and is auspicious. Residing in the Five-syllable (Vidyā), she is the Girl (bālikā) Kulakaulinī. They have four Lions (as their seats), namely, the four U (Uḍḍīśanātha), Ṣa (Ṣaṣṭhanātha), Ca (Caryānātha) and Mi (Mitranātha)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Balika (बलिक) refers to the “strong”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja said this to the congregation of Bodhisattvas: ‘Sons of good family, may all of you elucidate the gates into the dharma of transcending the path of the works of Māra’ [...] The Bodhisattva Gandhahastin said: ‘The weak can be harmed by the Māra; but the strong (balika) cannot be harmed by the māra. The weak is afraid of the three gates of liberation. Since the strong is not afraid of the three gates of liberation, namely, directly seeing, penetrating, and meditatively cultivating. One who is not afraid of them transcends the sphere of the Māra, and thus this is the gate into the light of the dharma called “Transcending the sphere of the Māra”’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bālika (बालिक) refers to a “young (doe)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath, the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction goes out like a young doe in the forest (mṛga-bālikamṛgabālikeva vipine). O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Balika in India is the name of a plant defined with Abutilon guineense in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense (Schumach.) Borss. Waalk. (among others).

2) Balika is also identified with Hibiscus cannabinus It has the synonym Abelmoschus verrucosus (Guill. & Perr.) Walp. (etc.).

3) Balika is also identified with Sterculia urens It has the synonym Kavalama urens Raf. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (1858)
· Annuaire du Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de Genève (1900)
· Plants of the Coast of Coromandel (1795)
· Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (Botany) (1999)
· Blumea (1966)
· Journal of Botany, British and Foreign (1936)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Balika, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

balikā : (f.) a girl.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Balika, (adj.) (fr. bala) strong; only in der. balikataraṃ (compar.) adv. in a stronger degree, more intensely, more Miln. 84; & dubbalika weak ThA. 211. Cp. balaka. (Page 483)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balika (बलिक).—a. One who takes his food every sixth day.

--- OR ---

Balīka (बलीक).—The edge of a thatched roof; eaves.

Derivable forms: balīkaḥ (बलीकः).

--- OR ---

Bālikā (बालिका).—

1) A girl, young woman.

2) The knot of an earring.

3) Small cardamoms.

4) Sand.

5) The rustling of leaves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Balika (बलिक).—(-balika) (1) adj. (only ifc.; = Pali id., Sanskrit balin), strong, having strength of…, in…; bāhu-°kaḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 73.1, 2; 79.1 (all prose); others Bodhisattvabhūmi 9.21; 17.3; 73.12; 322.7; Sukhāvatīvyūha 61.10 (all prose); (2) name of a nāga king: Mahāvyutpatti 3260; Mahā-Māyūrī 247.22.

--- OR ---

Bālikā (बालिका).—see vāl°; Bālikā(chavī), see Vāl°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balika (बलिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The edge of a thatch. E. bali the ridge, and kan aff.

--- OR ---

Balīka (बलीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The edge of a thatched roof. E. vṛ to cover, ikan aff.; see balika.

--- OR ---

Bālikā (बालिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A girl. 2. A kind of ear-ring. 3. Sand. 4. The rustling of leaves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balika (बलिक):—[from bali] m. (cf. valika) Name of a serpent-demon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Balikā (बलिका):—[from balika > bali] f. Sida Cordifolia and Rhombifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Balika (बलिक):—[from bali] mfn. one who takes his food every 6th day, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balika (बलिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Edge of a thatch.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Balika (बलिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Balia, Baliā, Bāliā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Balika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bālikā (बालिका):—(nf) a young girl; -[vidyālaya] a girls' school.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Baḷika (ಬಳಿಕ):—[adverb] afterwards; subsequently.

--- OR ---

Baḻika (ಬೞಿಕ):—[adverb] afterwards; subsequently.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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