Mulaka, Mūlaka, Mūḷaka: 31 definitions

Introduction:

Mulaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mūḷaka can be transliterated into English as Mulaka or Muliaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Mulak.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mūlaka (मूलक).—The name of a plant, possibly identified with Raphanus sativus. It is used in various alchemical processess related to mercury (rasa or liṅga), according to the Rasārṇavakalpa (11th-century work dealing with Rasaśāstra).

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mūlaka (मूलक) refers to “radish” according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. The Mūlaka foodstuff is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with the following: māṣasūpa (the soup prepared from black gram). Mūlaka or “radish” is also mutually incompatible with Ānūpamāmṣa (the meat of animals living in marshy lands). Mūlaka is also mutually incompatible with Paya (milk).

Mūlaka or “radish” is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., mūlaka (radish)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., siddhārthaka (mustard)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Mūlaka (मूलक) (identified with Raphanus sativus) is subject to certain bio-organical recipes for plant mutagenesis, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “Raphanus sativus [e.g., Mūlaka], if planted in a pit filled with earth of good quality, burnt in the fire made of bones of cow, hog and dry cow dung, grows instantly”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mūlaka (मूलक) is a Sanskrit word referring to “radish”, a root vegetable from the Brassicaceae (cabbage) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Raphanus sativus. The word Mūlaka is dervid from Mūla (“root, source”) and the literal translation of Mūlaka roughly means “rooted in” or “springing from”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Mūlaka (मूलक):—Another name for Bālika (son of Aśmaka, who was a son of Saudāsa). He was known as Mūlaka because when Paraśurāma vanquished all the kṣatriyas, he became the progenitor of more kṣatriyas. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.39-40)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mūlaka (मूलक).—A son of Kumbhakarṇa. Mūlaka was born on Mūla day and Kumbhakarṇa deeming that day and the constellation inauspicious threw the baby away. The abandoned child was brought up by honey-bees giving the babe honey. When Mūlaka grew up he became a mighty demon who always tormented people. He was killed by Sītā with the help of Śrī Rāma. (Ānanda Rāmāyaṇa, Rājyakāṇḍa).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mūlaka (मूलक) refers to the “foot” or “root” (of a tree), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.5 (“Kārttikeya is crowned”).—Accordingly, after the Kṛttikās spoke to Kārttikeya: “[...] Kumāra reached the foot of a Nyagrodha tree (mūlaka) [nyagrodhā'kṣayamūlake] at Kailāsa in the fast chariot along with Nandin seated to his right. There Kumāra, the son of Śiva, an expert in various divine sports, waited along with the Kṛttikās and the chief of Pārṣadas, in great delight. Then all the gods, sages, Siddhas, Cāraṇas, Viṣṇu and Brahmā announced his arrival. [...]”.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Vishnu Purana

The son of Aśmaka was Mūlaka, who, when the warrior tribe was extirpated upon earth, was surrounded and concealed by a number of females; whence he was denominated Nārīkavacha (having women for armour).

His name Mūlaka, or ‘the root,’ refers also to his being the stem whence the Kṣatriya races again proceeded. It may be doubted if the purport of his title Nārīkavacha is accurately explained by the text.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mūlaka (मूलक).—A son of Aśmaka; when the Kṣatriyas were rooted out of the earth, he was protected by naked women; hence he was known as Nārikavaca. The originator of the new Kṣatriya race after its ruin by Paraśurāma; father of Daśaratha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 40-1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 178; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 73-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 178-9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mūḷaka:—A location mentioned in the Pārāyanavagga, being close to Assaka and close to the bank of the Godhāvari where a brahmin, perfect in the Vedas, once went to live on gleanings and fruit.

Source: Triveni: Journal

It was two Ikshvaku princes, Asmaka and Mulaka, who founded the two contiguous kingdoms, bearing their names, on the Godavari, corresponding to the Aurangabad and Nizamabad districts of the Hyderabad State today.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Mūlaka (मूलक) refers to “roots”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Then Agastya, the Great Ṛṣi, sitting not too far from the Bhagavān, having heard this dhāraṇī, arose from his seat and falling at the feet of the Bhagavān addressed the Bhagavān, ‘O Bhagavān, I will make a beak-sealing for pests of all sorts, malevolent and hostile, poison-holders, destroyers of crops, flowers, fruits, leaves and the best roots (gaṇḍa-mūlaka); [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Mūlaka (मूलक) in Sanskrit or Mūla in Prakrit refers to the plant radish (Raphanus sativus Linn.). This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., mūlaka) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Mulaka [मूलक] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Raphanus sativus from the Brassicaceae (Mustard) family. For the possible medicinal usage of mulaka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Mulaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Raphanus sativus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Raphanus raphanistrum L. var. sativus (L.) Domin (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanical Magazine (1909)
· Flora von Nieder-Österreich (1892)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· List of Plants of Formosa (1928)
· Japanese Journal of Breeding (1992)
· Botanical Magazine (1935)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Mulaka, for example diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mūlaka : (m.) the reddish. (adj.), (in cpds.), being conditioned by; originating in.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mūlaka, (adj. nt.) (fr. mūla) 1. (adj.) (a) (-°) being caused by, having its reason through or from, conditioned by, originating in Vbh. 390 (taṇhā° dhammā); Tikp. 233 sq. , 252 sq. , 288 sq. & passim; VbhA. 200 sq. , 207 sq. (saṅkhāra°, avijjā° etc. with ref. to the constituents of the Paṭicca-samuppāda); PvA. 19.—(b) having a certain worth, price, being paid so much, dear Mhvs 27, 23 (a °ṃ kammaṃ unpaid labour); DhA. I, 398 (nahāna-cuṇṇa °ṃ catu-paṇṇāsa-koṭi dhanaṃ, as price); II, 154 (pattha-pattha-mūlakā bhikkhā); III, 296 (kiṃ mūlakaṃ how dear?).—2. (nt.)=mūla, i.e. root, bulb, radish, only in cpd. mūlaka-kanda radish (-root) J. IV, 88, 491; DhA. IV, 78.—See also pulaka. (Page 540)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muḷakā (मुळका).—m Urging or hurrying. v lāva. 2 Urgedness. v lāga. 3 Hurry. v suṭa.

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mūlaka (मूलक).—m S A radish. Ex. sōmavārīṃ mulakālā āṇi tulakālā sparśa karuṃ nayē.

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mūlaka (मूलक).—Of this constantly recurring form of mūla see notice under क.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

muḷakā (मुळका).—m Urging or hurrying. Hurry.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक).—a.

1) (At the end of comp.) Rooted in, springing from, founded or based on; भ्रान्तिमूलक (bhrāntimūlaka) 'based on error.'

2) Born under the constellation Mūla; P.IV. 3.28.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 A radish.

2) An esculent root.

3) A sort of yam.

-kaḥ A kind of poison.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक).—m. (Sanskrit nt., only Gr. m.), an edible root, perhaps radish: °kā bhakṣitavyāḥ Divyāvadāna 511.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. The radish, (Raphanus sativus.) 2. A large sort of yam. m.

(-kaḥ) A sort of poison. E. mūla a root, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक).—[mūla + ka], I. m. A sort of poison. Ii. n. 1. An esculent root, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 341. 2. The radish, Raphanus sativus. 3. A sort of yam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक).—[feminine] likā = [preceding] (—°); [neuter] an esculent root, radish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mūlaka (मूलक):—[from mūl] mf(ikā)n. (ifc.) rooted in, springing from (-tva n.), [Mahābhārata; Jaimini [Scholiast or Commentator]] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] born under the constellation Mūla, [Pāṇini 4-3, 28]

3) [v.s. ...] mn. a radish, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a sort of yam, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of vegetable poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince (a son of Aśmaka), [Purāṇa]

7) [from mūl] n. a root, [Mahābhārata; Pañcarātra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. A radish; a yam; sort of a poison.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mūlaka (मूलक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Mūlaga, Mūlaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mulaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mūlaka (मूलक) [Also spelled mulak]:—a suffix which means based or depending on, growing or emanating/originating from (as [dhvanimūlaka, jātimūlaka]).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Muḷaka (ಮುಳಕ):—[noun] a kind of eatable made by frying in ghee, the ground segments of jackfruit, soaked rice etc.

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Mūlaka (ಮೂಲಕ):—[noun] = ಮೂಲಂಗಿ [mulamgi].

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Mūlaka (ಮೂಲಕ):—[adverb] through; by means of.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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