Sarat, Sharat, Saraṭ: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Sarat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sarat (सरत्).—A mind-born son of Brahmā in the 16th kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śarat (शरत्) is another name for Śārada (October and November), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Commencing from the time of creation, ... Indra is the lord over the new and full moon periods of the third six months; Kubera over those of the fourth six months; [...] If Indra should be the lord, the princes will be at war with each other, the crops of Śarat (October and November), will perish and there will be no prosperity in the land. If Kubera should be the lord, rich men will suffer in their wealth but there will be prosperity in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Śarat (शरत्) refers to “autumn”, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Mañjuśrī-jñānasattva]—“[Next] he should visualise himself as the fortunate one, the gnosis-being [Mañjuśrī], born from the syllable a situated in the middle of that [wisdom-] wheel [situated in the heart of the Ādibuddha]. He has six faces, is radiant like the autumn moon (śarat-śaśāṅka-prabha), with the best of sapphires in his beautiful hair, with a halo that has the brilliance of the orb of the newly risen sun, with all the tathāgatas as [head-]ornaments, immersed in meditative concentration, seated on a variagated lotus throne, in tranquil mood, with a pair of books of the Prajñāpāramitā above blue lotuses held in his two hands”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarat (शरत्) [or शरद्, śarad].—f (S) The fourth of the six seasons of the Hindu year, Autumn; a period comprising, according to the vaidika, the months Bhadra and ashwin, according to the paurāṇika, 'Ashwin and Kartik. 2 A year.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śarat (शरत्) [-da, -द].—f śaratkāla, śaraṭṭatu m Autumn.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saraṭ (सरट्).—m. [sṛ-aṭiḥ Uṇādi-sūtra 1.126]

1) Air, wind.

2) A cloud.

3) A lizard.

4) A bee.

5) A thread.

--- OR ---

Sarat (सरत्).—m. A thread.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saraṭ (सरट्).—m. (-raṭ) 1. Air, wind. 2. A cloud. 3. (In the language of the Vedas,) A bee. 4. A lizard, a chameleon. E. sṛ to go, aṭi Unadi aff.

--- OR ---

Sarat (सरत्).—mfn. (-ran-rantī-rat) Going, proceeding. E. sṛ to go, śatṛ aff.

--- OR ---

Sarat (सरत्).—m. (-rat) Thread. E. sṛ to go, ati aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saraṭ (सरट्).—m. 1. Air, wind. 2. A cloud. 3. A lizard. 4. (ved.), A bee, Chr. 297, 21 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarat (शरत्):—[from śarad] in [compound] for śarad.

2) Sarat (सरत्):—[from sara] mfn. going, flowing, proceeding etc. (See √sṛ)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a thread, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Saraṭ (सरट्):—[from saragh] f. See saragh

5) [v.s. ...] m. ([probably]) ‘wind’ or ‘a cloud’ [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 133 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) Sārāt (सारात्):—[from sāra] ([ablative] of 2. sāra) in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saraṭ (सरट्):—(ṭ) 5. m. Air or wind; a cloud; a bee; a lizard.

2) Sarat (सरत्):—(t) 5. m. Thread. a. (n-nnī-t) Going, proceeding.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sharat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) the autumn; ~[kala] the autumn season..—sharat (शरत) is alternatively transliterated as Śarata.

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