Saptasvara, Sapta-svara, Saptan-svara: 4 definitions


Saptasvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptasvara in Shaktism glossary
Source: Manblunder: Saundaryalaharī

Saptasvara (सप्तस्वर).—There are seven basic musical notes known as saptasvara (seven musical notes/sound) and these notes are sa, ṛ, gā, ma, pa, dha and ni and these notes are known as ṣaḍja, ṛṣabha, gāndhāra, madhyama, pañcama, dhaivata and niṣāda. Out of these seven only three, which are mentioned in this verse (ṣaḍja, gāndhāra and madhyama) are known as grāma.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptasvara in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saptasvara (सप्तस्वर).—Lit, the seven accents; the term refers to the seven accents formed of the subdivisions of the three main Vedic accents उदात्त, अनुदात्त (udātta, anudātta) and स्वरित (svarita) viz उदात्त, उदात्ततर, अनुदात्त, अनुदात्ततर, स्वरित, स्वरितोदात्त (udātta, udāttatara, anudātta, anudāttatara, svarita, svaritodātta),and एकश्रुति (ekaśruti); cf. त एते तन्त्रे तरनिर्देशे सप्त स्वरा भवन्ति (ta ete tantre taranirdeśe sapta svarā bhavanti) (उदातः । उदात्ततरः । अनुदात्तः । अनुदात्ततरः । स्वरितः । स्वरिते य उदात्तः सोन्येन विशिष्टः । एकश्रुतिः सप्तमः ॥ (udātaḥ | udāttataraḥ | anudāttaḥ | anudāttataraḥ | svaritaḥ | svarite ya udāttaḥ sonyena viśiṣṭaḥ | ekaśrutiḥ saptamaḥ ||) M. Bh on P. I. 2. 33. It is possible that these seven accents which were turned into the seven notes of the chantings of the samans developed into the seven musical notes which have traditionally come down to the present day known as सा रे ग म प ध नी (sā re ga ma pa dha nī); cf. उदात्ते निषादगान्धारौ अनुदात्ते ऋषभधैवतौ । स्वरितप्रभवा ह्येते षड्जमध्यमपञ्चमाः । (udātte niṣādagāndhārau anudātte ṛṣabhadhaivatau | svaritaprabhavā hyete ṣaḍjamadhyamapañcamāḥ |) Pan. Siksa. The Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya mentions the seven accents differently; cf. उदात्तादयः परे सप्त । यथा-अभिनि-हितक्षैप्र-प्राश्लिष्ट-तैरोव्यञ्जन-तैरोविराम-पादवृत्त-ताथाभाव्याः (udāttādayaḥ pare sapta | yathā-abhini-hitakṣaipra-prāśliṣṭa-tairovyañjana-tairovirāma-pādavṛtta-tāthābhāvyāḥ) Uvvata on V.Pr.I.ll4.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptasvara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptasvara (सप्तस्वर).—m pl S pop. saptasūra m pl The seven notes of music; viz. sā, ri, ga, ma, pa, dha, ni, representing niṣāda, ṛṣabha, gāndhāra, ṣaḍja, madhyama, dhaivata, pañcama.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptasvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptasvara (सप्तस्वर).—the seven musical notes (i. e. sā, ri, ga, ma, pa, dha, nī).

Derivable forms: saptasvaraḥ (सप्तस्वरः).

Saptasvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and svara (स्वर).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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