Sapatni, Sapatnī: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Sapatni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Sapatnī (सपत्नी, “co-wife”).—One of the Eleven Hands denoting Relationships.—(Instructions:) The Pāśa hand is shown first, and then Strī with both hands.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sapatnī (सपत्नी) occurs in the Rigveda in the sense of ‘co-wife’; in the first and the last Maṇḍalas it means co-wife as a ‘rival’. In post-Vedic Sanskrit the word becomes a synonym for ‘rival’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sapatnī (सपत्नी).—f (S sa for samāna, & pati. Female having the same lord.) A fellow-wife, a rival-wife.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sapatnī (सपत्नी).—f A rival-wife, a fellow-wife.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sapatnī (सपत्नी).—[samānaḥ patiryasyāḥ sā] A rival or fellow wife, rival mistress, co-wife (having the same husband with another); दिशः सपत्नी भव दक्षिणस्याः (diśaḥ sapatnī bhava dakṣiṇasyāḥ) R.6.63;14.86; कुरु प्रियसखीवृत्तिं सपत्नीजने (kuru priyasakhīvṛttiṃ sapatnījane) Ś.4.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sapatnī (सपत्नी).—f. a wife whose husband has other wives, Chr. 55, 2; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 318.

— Cf. .

Sapatnī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and patnī (पत्नी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sapatnī (सपत्नी).—[feminine] having the same lord or husband, fellow-wife or mistress; also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sapatnī (सपत्नी):—[=sa-patnī] [from sa > sa-pakṣa] a See sub voce

2) [=sa-patnī] [from sa-patna] 1. sa-patnī f. (once in [Rāmāyaṇa] tni) a woman who has the same husband with another woman ([Pāṇini 4-1, 35]) or whose husband has other wives, a fellow-wife or mistress, female rival, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) [=sa-patnī] [from sa-patna] 2. sa-patnī mfn. = next, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sapatnī (सपत्नी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sauttī, Savattī, Sāvakkā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sapatni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sapatni in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sapatnī (सपत्नी):—(nf) a co-wife; ~[ka] along with one’s wife.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sapatni (ಸಪತ್ನಿ):—[noun] one of the two wives of a man, as related to another (wife); a fellow wife.

--- OR ---

Sāpatni (ಸಾಪತ್ನಿ):—

1) [noun] one of the two wives of a man, as related to another (wife); a fellow wife.

2) [noun] (fig.) a woman who hates or is hated by, intensly another woman.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sapatni in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Sapatni (ஸபத்நி) noun < sa-patnī. Co-wife; சக்களத்தி. [sakkalathi.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Sapatnī (सपत्नी):—n. another wife of one's husband; co-wife;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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