Sapatni, aka: Sapatnī; 5 Definition(s)


Sapatni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Sapatnī (सपत्नी, “co-wife”).—One of the Eleven Hands denoting Relationships.—(Instructions:) The Pāśa hand is shown first, and then Strī with both hands.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sapatnī (सपत्नी) occurs in the Rigveda in the sense of ‘co-wife’; in the first and the last Maṇḍalas it means co-wife as a ‘rival’. In post-Vedic Sanskrit the word becomes a synonym for ‘rival’.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sapatni in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sapatnī (सपत्नी).—f (S sa for samāna, & pati. Female having the same lord.) A fellow-wife, a rival-wife.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sapatnī (सपत्नी).—f A rival-wife, a fellow-wife.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sapatnī (सपत्नी).—[samānaḥ patiryasyāḥ sā] A rival or fellow wife, rival mistress, co-wife (having the same husband with another); दिशः सपत्नी भव दक्षिणस्याः (diśaḥ sapatnī bhava dakṣiṇasyāḥ) R.6.63;14.86; कुरु प्रियसखीवृत्तिं सपत्नीजने (kuru priyasakhīvṛttiṃ sapatnījane) Ś.4.17.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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