Santha, Śaṇṭha, Saṃtha, Ṣaṇṭha, Shantha: 13 definitions


Santha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaṇṭha and Ṣaṇṭha can be transliterated into English as Santha or Shantha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ṣaṇṭha (षण्ठ) or Ṣaṇṭhavarṇa refers to the “four neuter vowels”.—There is a unique reference in the Tantrasadbhāva to an ‘end of the sixteen’. The vowels are sixteen, as are the digits of the moon. If the so-called four neuter ones (ṣaṇṭha-varṇa) are not counted, they become twelve, like the solar months. The context is a description of the progressive ascent of the Point (bindu) of consciousness and vitality through a series of stages projected into the body and beyond. Bhairava tells his consort: “And, O beloved, above the uvula there are two Points. That, fair lady, is called the ‘end of emission’ (visargānta i.e. the end of the sixteenth vowel) and the ‘end of the twelve’, the end of the energies (of the vowels) (kalā), the end of the vowels and the end of the sixteen”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃtha (संथ) in Sanskrit (or Sandha in Pali) is the name of a monk, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “If someone is in a state of mind of panic (abhihatacitta), he should be taught the Saṃthakātyāyanasūtra; then he will be able to obtain the Path”.—In this Saṃthakātyāyanasūtra the Buddha praises the good meditation, without content or object, which prepares the way to nirvāṇa. He congratulates Saṃtha Kātyāyana (in Pāli, Sandha or Saddha Kaccāyana): cf. Aṅguttara, V, p. 323; Saṃyutta, II, p. 153) for having no concept whatsoever of what is. And the gods venerate Saṃtha, saying: “Homage to you, excellent man, for we have not that on which you meditate!”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Santha (“fair”) is one of the many exogamous septs (division) among the Telugu section of the Devangas (a caste of weavers). The Devangas, speaking Telugu or Canarese, are found all over the Madras Presidency. Devanga is composed of Deva and angam, “limb of god”.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Samtha in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Staphylea cochinchinensis (Lour.) Byng & Christenh. from the Staphyleaceae (Bladdernut) family having the following synonyms: Turpinia cochinchinensis, Turpinia microcarpa, Turpinia nepalensis. For the possible medicinal usage of samtha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Santha in India is the name of a plant defined with Saccharum officinarum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Saccharum spontaneum var. sinense (Roxb.) Andersson (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1989)
· Report of the Harvard Botanical Gardens, Soledad Estate, Cienfuegos, Cuba (1927)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum (1833)
· Monographiae Phanerogamarum (1889)
· Pl. Corom. (1819)
· Öfversigt af Förhandlingar: Kongl. Svenska VetenskapsAkademien (1855)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Santha, for example chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṇṭha, a reed (used for bow-strings) M. I, 429. (Page 671)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

santha (संथ).—a Commonly santa.

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santhā (संथा).—f (saṃsthā S) Reading and conning in order to commit to memory. v ghē, dē, hō, mhaṇa. 2 The portion to be read and conned, a lesson.

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sāṇṭha (सांठ) [or साठ, sāṭha].—m (sañcaya S) Room to contain or hold, capacity. 2 fig. (Power of stomaching or swallowing up.) Forgivingness. 3 (Commonly sāṇṭhā) A hoard or store.

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sāṇṭhā (सांठा).—m (sañcaya S) A collection, heap, hoard, store, stock.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

santha (संथ).—a Gentle, soft-flowing, calm.

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santhā (संथा).—f Reading and conning in order to commit to memory. v ghē, dē, hō, mhaṇa The portion to be read and conned a lesson.

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sāṇṭhā (सांठा).—m A collection, heap, store.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃtha (संथ).—(Kātyāyana), = Pali Saṃdha (Kaccāyana, see Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) s.v.), name of a monk: Bodhisattvabhūmi 49.15 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṇṭha (शण्ठ).—m. An eunuch (cf. śaṇḍa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṇṭha (शण्ठ):—mfn. = śaṭha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) m. an unmarried or an impotent man, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 104 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. ṣaṇḍha).

[Sanskrit to German]

Santha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃṭha (संठ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śaṭha.

2) Saṃṭhā (संठा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃsthā.

3) Saṃtha (संथ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃstha.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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