Samrambha, Saṃrambha, Saṃrambhā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samrambha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samrambha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Samrambha (सम्रम्भ).—One of the names in the fourth Marut gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 127.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃrambhā (संरम्भा) refers to one of the eighteen jātis: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “Gheñ taṅ ghohṇām should constitute the saṃrambhā-jāti to be applied in case of inferior women. The jāti which has karaṇas of ardhapāṇi, and and medium tempo in the beginning, and quick tempo in the end, is called Saṃrambhā. Example.—Magaṭhaṃ kuyu ihakim”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samrambha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ) refers to “planning to commit” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the living beings (jīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.

Saṃrambha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—What is meant by planning to commit / intention (saṃrambha)? To firm up the intentions of undertaking an activity is called planning to commit.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samrambha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—1 Beginning.

2) Turbulence, impetuosity, violence; न संरम्भेण सिध्यन्ति सर्वेऽर्थाः सान्त्वया यथा (na saṃrambheṇa sidhyanti sarve'rthāḥ sāntvayā yathā) Bh¯g. 8.6.24; हन्त वर्धते ते संरम्भः (hanta vardhate te saṃrambhaḥ) Ś.7.

3) Agitation, excitement, flurry; अवृष्टिसंरम्भमिवाम्बुवाहम् (avṛṣṭisaṃrambhamivāmbuvāham) Ku.3.48; Māl.6.1.

4) Energy, zeal, ardent desire; अन्योन्यजयसंरम्भो ववृधे वादिनोरिव (anyonyajayasaṃrambho vavṛdhe vādinoriva) R.12.92.

5) Anger, rage, wrath; प्रणिपातप्रती- कारः संरम्भो हि महात्मनाम् (praṇipātapratī- kāraḥ saṃrambho hi mahātmanām) R.4.64;12.36; V.2.21;4.28; Ku.3.76.

6) Pride, arrogance; संरम्भो हि सपत्नीत्वाद्वक्तुं कुन्तिसुतां प्रति (saṃrambho hi sapatnītvādvaktuṃ kuntisutāṃ prati) Mb.1.124.6.

7) Swelling with heat and inflammation.

8) Hatred; संरम्भभययोगेन विन्दते तत्सरूपताम् (saṃrambhabhayayogena vindate tatsarūpatām) Bhāg.7.1.28.

9) Adopting hostile measures; त्वयाऽपि तस्मिन् संरम्भो न कार्यः (tvayā'pi tasmin saṃrambho na kāryaḥ) Dk.2.3.

1) Intensity, high degree; निनादस्य च संसम्भो नैतदल्पं हि कारणम् (ninādasya ca saṃsambho naitadalpaṃ hi kāraṇam) Rām.4.15.12.

11) The brunt (of battle); Raj. T.

Derivable forms: saṃrambhaḥ (संरम्भः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—i. e. sam-rabh + a, m. 1. Beginning, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 61. 2. Wrath, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 115; rage, anger, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 39. 3. Pride, arrogance. 4. Agitation, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 334.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—[masculine] taking hold of; rashness, eagerness, zeal, impetuosity, agitation, fury, wrath, violence, high degree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃrambha (संरम्भ):—[=saṃ-rambha] [from saṃ-rabh] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of grasping or taking hold of [Mahābhārata iv, 1056] ([Calcutta edition])

2) [v.s. ...] vehemence, impetuosity, agitation, flurry, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] excitement, zeal, eagerness, enthusiasm, ardent desire for or to (inf, or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] anger, fury, wrath against ([locative case] or upari with [genitive case]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] angriness (id est.) inflammation or irritation of a sore or wound, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] pride, arrogance, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] intensity, high degree ([in the beginning of a compound]= ‘intensely’), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] the brunt (of battle), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) [v.s. ...] beginning (= ā-rambha), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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