Samrambha, Saṃrambha, Saṃrambhā: 15 definitions


Samrambha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Samrambha (सम्रम्भ).—One of the names in the fourth Marut gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 127.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃrambhā (संरम्भा) refers to one of the eighteen jātis: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “Gheñ taṅ ghohṇām should constitute the saṃrambhā-jāti to be applied in case of inferior women. The jāti which has karaṇas of ardhapāṇi, and and medium tempo in the beginning, and quick tempo in the end, is called Saṃrambhā. Example.—Magaṭhaṃ kuyu ihakim”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ):—Swelling

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ) refers to a “sudden (strike)” [?] (from above), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] Attacks are of three kinds, upwards, horizontal and downwards. All three attacks are very enjoyable when the Vājas attack the Varajas. [...] When, through fear, the quarry is flying below, falling down upon it like the thunderbolt, suddenly (saṃrambha) from above, is called the downward attack. It is a hard feat. [saṃrambhāt patanaṃ lakṣye nīcākrāntiḥ suduṣkarā]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ) refers to “planning to commit” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the living beings (jīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.

Saṃrambha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—What is meant by planning to commit / intention (saṃrambha)? To firm up the intentions of undertaking an activity is called planning to commit.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—1 Beginning.

2) Turbulence, impetuosity, violence; न संरम्भेण सिध्यन्ति सर्वेऽर्थाः सान्त्वया यथा (na saṃrambheṇa sidhyanti sarve'rthāḥ sāntvayā yathā) Bh¯g. 8.6.24; हन्त वर्धते ते संरम्भः (hanta vardhate te saṃrambhaḥ) Ś.7.

3) Agitation, excitement, flurry; अवृष्टिसंरम्भमिवाम्बुवाहम् (avṛṣṭisaṃrambhamivāmbuvāham) Kumārasambhava 3.48; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.1.

4) Energy, zeal, ardent desire; अन्योन्यजयसंरम्भो ववृधे वादिनोरिव (anyonyajayasaṃrambho vavṛdhe vādinoriva) R.12.92.

5) Anger, rage, wrath; प्रणिपातप्रती- कारः संरम्भो हि महात्मनाम् (praṇipātapratī- kāraḥ saṃrambho hi mahātmanām) R.4.64;12.36; V.2.21;4.28; Kumārasambhava 3.76.

6) Pride, arrogance; संरम्भो हि सपत्नीत्वाद्वक्तुं कुन्तिसुतां प्रति (saṃrambho hi sapatnītvādvaktuṃ kuntisutāṃ prati) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.124.6.

7) Swelling with heat and inflammation.

8) Hatred; संरम्भभययोगेन विन्दते तत्सरूपताम् (saṃrambhabhayayogena vindate tatsarūpatām) Bhāgavata 7.1.28.

9) Adopting hostile measures; त्वयाऽपि तस्मिन् संरम्भो न कार्यः (tvayā'pi tasmin saṃrambho na kāryaḥ) Daśakumāracarita 2.3.

1) Intensity, high degree; निनादस्य च संसम्भो नैतदल्पं हि कारणम् (ninādasya ca saṃsambho naitadalpaṃ hi kāraṇam) Rām.4.15.12.

11) The brunt (of battle); Raj. T.

Derivable forms: saṃrambhaḥ (संरम्भः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—i. e. sam-rabh + a, m. 1. Beginning, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 61. 2. Wrath, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 115; rage, anger, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 39. 3. Pride, arrogance. 4. Agitation, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 334.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ).—[masculine] taking hold of; rashness, eagerness, zeal, impetuosity, agitation, fury, wrath, violence, high degree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃrambha (संरम्भ):—[=saṃ-rambha] [from saṃ-rabh] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of grasping or taking hold of [Mahābhārata iv, 1056] ([Calcutta edition])

2) [v.s. ...] vehemence, impetuosity, agitation, flurry, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] excitement, zeal, eagerness, enthusiasm, ardent desire for or to (inf, or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] anger, fury, wrath against ([locative case] or upari with [genitive case]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] angriness (id est.) inflammation or irritation of a sore or wound, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] pride, arrogance, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] intensity, high degree ([in the beginning of a compound]= ‘intensely’), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] the brunt (of battle), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) [v.s. ...] beginning (= ā-rambha), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ):—[saṃ-rambha] (mbhaḥ) 1. m. Wrath; pride.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃrambha (संरम्भ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃraṃbha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samrambha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃraṃbha (संरंभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃrambha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samrambha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃraṃbha (ಸಂರಂಭ):—

1) [noun] a beginning; commencement.

2) [noun] the state of being excited from joyness, fear, anxiety, anger, etc.; excitement.

3) [noun] anger; fury; wrath.

4) [noun] the quality of being intense; extreme degree of anything; great energy or vehemence of emotion, thought or activity; intensity.

5) [noun] strong dislike or ill will; hate.

6) [noun] zeal; eagerness; enthusiasm; ardent action or fervor.

7) [noun] offensive display of superiority or self-importance; overbearing pride; arrogance.

8) [noun] a festival occasion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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