Sakini, Sākinī, Śākinī, Shakini: 15 definitions


Sakini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākinī can be transliterated into English as Sakini or Shakini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Sākinī (साकिनी):—Name of one of the six female deities (yoginīs) springing forth from the body of Kuleśvara, the central male deity of the Yoginīcakra (fourth of the five internal cakras), according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. She is also known as Kākī. In other tantric sources, such as the Kulārṇava-tantra, she is identified as Śākinī (see below).

Sākinī is identified with the kalā-adhvan (on of the six paths, or adhvans) and relates to one thirty-eight kalās. These kalās are usually five in number (Nivṛtti, Pratiṣṭhā, Vidyā, Śānti and Śāntātītā) which also form part of the Devīcakra. The fearful character of Sākinī is represented by her fondness for breaking bones (asthibhaṅgapriyā). She is situated in the Viśuddhi-cakra which is symbolic for her relation with one of the sixfold sites (ṣaṭpura). She is also related to netra, one of the six aṅgas.

2) Śākinī (शाकिनी):—Name of one of the eight female deities (yoginīs) of the Yoginīcakra, according to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣa-saṃhita. In other tantric sources, such as the kubjikāmata-tantra, she is identified as Sākinī (see above). She is also mentioned as a similarly positioned yoginī in the Kulārṇava-tantra and the Ṣaṭcakranirūpaṇa where she forms part of a group of six or seven such female deities. The male counterpart of Śākinī is the Bhairava named Unmatta, who should be visualized mentally.

Śākinī (and the other eight yoginīs) arise forth from the body of the Bhairava named Saṃvarta, who is described as a furious deity (mahāraudra) with various fearsome characteristics. During worship, She is to be placed in a petal facing west. Śākinī has the head of a lion (siṃha) according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, or the head of a cat (mārjāra) according to the Kulārṇava-tantra. She has eight arms and is addicted to marrow (majjā). Her colour is smokey (dhūmra).

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7 (shaivism)

1) Śākinī (शाकिनी).—The Ḍākinīs, Rākiṇīs, Lākinīs, [Kākinīs?] Śākinīs and Hākinīs are mentioned as the female energies (Śaktis) of the Tantrik deities respectively called Ḍāmeśvaranātha, Rāmeśvaranātha, Lāmeśvaranātha, Kākeśvaranātha, Śāmeśvaranātha, and Hāmeśvaranātha who together with their Śaktis, form mystic groups designated under the mnemonic ḍa ra la ka śa ha. The Lord of Lāmā is here called Lāmeśvara.

2) Śākinī (शाकिनी) refers to one of the twenty-four names of the Lāmās, according to the 8th-centry Jayadratha-yāmala.—While describing the special practices of the Lāmās mentions the special language to be used with them. This language is described as monosyllabic (ekākṣara-samullāpa) and may thus be considered to have belonged to the Sino-Tibetan family as the Lamas themselves belonged to the Tibetan group of mystics. The Lāmās [viz., Śākinī], according to this language, had 24 different names.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Śākinī (शाकिनी) refers to a “group of supernatural beings” that cause illness, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra’s Second Chapter begins with the goddess Pārvatī’s request that Śiva reveal to her the remedy for the ailments that afflict divine and worldly beings. [...]. Śiva adds to the list of maladies a group of supernatural beings that cause illness: [e.g., Śākinīs], [...]. That Śiva discusses supernatural beings that cause such disease demonstrates how invisible forces affect the world in observable ways. In order to counter these forces, Śiva reveals another invisible but observable element, mantra.

Śākinī is mentioned in a list of afflictions (which does not arise in the place and time of the Mantravid), according to verse 19.129-133.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śākinī (शाकिनी) refers to a group of deities who together with the nine Durgās participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Mahākālī went ahead for the destruction of Dakṣa accompanied by nine Durgās [...]. Eager in executing the command of Śiva, they accompanied the marching heroes—[viz., Śākinīs] and set out quickly for the destruction of Dakṣa’s sacrifice”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śākinī (शाकिनी).—A śakti in Kiricakra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 20. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Śākinī (शाकिनी) is the name of a Yoginī associated with Oḍḍiyāna, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The main topic of chapter 35 of the Kumārikākhaṇḍa is the projection of the seats into the Six Wheels of the subtle body, each of which is governed by a Yoginī [i.e., Hākinī, Śākinī]. However, although placing them in pairs in each seat implies this simple linear development of the Wheels from the three seats, two by two from each one, the correspondences are soon skewed. [...]

2) Śākinī (शाकिनी) refers to one of the eight Yoginīs associated with Jālandhara (which is in the southern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight Yoginīs: Divyayoginī, Mahāyoginī, Siddhayoginī, Gaṇeśvarī, Śākinī, Kālarātrī, Ūrdhvakeśī, Revatī

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śākinī (शाकिनी) Śākinī refers to a kind of evil spirit (cf. Śākinīmantra), as mentioned in chapter 1.5 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism. Accordingly, as Bāhubali thought to himself: “[...] when in the beginning brothers, brothers’ sons, etc., are killed, who would seek a kingdom like a śākinī-mantra? Contentment for men is not produced by the Śrī of sovereignty, even though attained and enjoyed at will, like that of a drinker by wine”.—(Cf. Folklore of Gujarat, p. 115)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śākinī (शाकिनी).—f (S) A class, or an individual of it, of female divinities. They are attendants on Durga and Shiva.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śākinī (शाकिनी).—[śākamastyasyā ini]

1) A field of vegetables.

2) A kind of female being attendant on Durgā (supposed to be a demon or fairy).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākinī (शाकिनी).—f. (-nī) 1. A female divinity of an inferior character, attendant especially on Siva and Durga. 2. A field of vegetables. E. śāka, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākinī (शाकिनी).—i. e. śāka + in + ī, f. A female divinity of an inferior class, [Pañcatantra] 241, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śākinī (शाकिनी):—[from śākin > śāka] a f. (inī) a kind of female demon attendant on Durgā, [Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [from śāka] b f. (cf. under śākin) a field or land planted with vegetables or potherbs, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākinī (शाकिनी):—(nī) 3. f. An inferior goddess attending on Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sakini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śākini (ಶಾಕಿನಿ):—

1) [noun] a garden growing vegetables.

2) [noun] a class of female demon attendants of Durge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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