Sakshat, Sākṣāt: 17 definitions


Sakshat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sākṣāt can be transliterated into English as Saksat or Sakshat, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्) refers to:—Directly. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्) refers to “one who is directly apparent”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “In the venerable seat of Oṃkāra, the talented Vijayā, who is (the energy) Śānti, pulses radiantly within. During the Kṛta Age (the Siddha) is the tranquil Ananta directly apparent (sākṣātsākṣādananta). The one called Khagendra (is the Siddha) in the Tretā Age and (within him) in the sacred seat of Jāla is the Vidyā which is part of the maṇḍala and is impelled by the (most) excellent Void. I bow to Piṅgala who shines with the radiance of the Moon and Sun and is the incarnation (called) Kūrma”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्) or Sākṣātsraṣṭṛ refers to the “direct (creator)” (of Prakṛti and Puruṣa), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.6 (“Prayer to Śiva”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “Obeisance to you, the soul of all, obeisance to Śiva the remover of distress, obeisance to the blue-necked Rudra, obeisance to the knowledge-formed Śiva of great mind. You are our ultimate goal for ever. You are the remover of all adversities. O destroyer of the enemies of the gods, you alone are to be respected by us always. You are the beginning. You are the primordial being. You are self-bliss. You are the everlasting lord. You are the lord of the universe, the direct creator (sākṣāt-sraṣṭṛ) of Prakṛti and Puruṣa. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्) refers to “directly” (e.g., ‘that which should be learned directly’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Breath control is praised by mendicants, whose own opinions are well-established, for the accomplishment of meditation and for steadiness of the inner self. Therefore, it should be learned directly (sākṣāt) and before [meditation] by the wise. Otherwise, even a little mastering of the mind cannot be done. It is considered by the teachers of old as threefold in accordance with the difference in characteristics. There is inhalation, holding and, immediately after that, exhalation”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sākṣāt (साक्षात्).—prep (S) Before, in the presence of, evidently to the sight or sense of. 2 ad Manifestly, obviously, evidently. 3 In, by, or through one's own self or person. Ex. dusaṛyā kōṇhāsa pāṭhavūṃ nakā tumhī sā0 jāūna pāhā; hēṃ ghara myāṃ sā0 bāndhalēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sākṣāt (साक्षात्).—prep Before. ad Evidently. In, by or through one's own person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्).—ind.

1) In the presence of, before the very eyes, visibly, openly, evidently.

2) In person, actually in bodily form; साक्षात् प्रियामुपगतामपहाय पूर्वम् (sākṣāt priyāmupagatāmapahāya pūrvam) Ś.6.15; 1.6.

3) Directly. In comp. it is often translated by 'incarnate'; साक्षाद्यमः (sākṣādyamaḥ); or by 'open, direct'; तत्साक्षात् प्रति- षेधः कोपाय (tatsākṣāt prati- ṣedhaḥ kopāya) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.11. (sākṣātkṛ

1) to see with one's own eyes, realize personally.

2) to have an intuitive perception or manifestation of; sākṣātkṛtadharmāṇa ṛṣayaḥ Uttararāmacarita 7.

3) To experience a result of or reward for; sākṣyātkṛtaṃ me paribarhaṇaṃ hi Bhāgavata 5.5.27;1.22.2.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्).—Ind. 1. Before, in presence, in sight. 2. As, like. 3. Actually in person. 4. Evidently, manifestly, directly. E. sa for saha with, akṣa the eye, at to go or to be, aff. kvip; or saha akṣati akṣ-āti sādeśaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्).—abl. sing. of sa -akṣa, adv. 1. In presence, [Nala] 24, 13 (in their presence, being present); before, eye to eye, [Indralokāgamana] 2, 16. 2. From (cf. sakāśāt, s.v. sakāśa), [Arjunasamāgama] 1, 12. 3. Manifestly, evidently, visibly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 237; [Pañcatantra] 46, 6; [Nala] 1, 4 (sakṣād -iva manuḥ, like an embodied Manu); with one’s own eyes, [Pañcatantra] 197, 12. 4. Openly, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 6, 13. 5. As, like.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्).—[adverb] with or before the eyes, i.e. plainly, actually, exactly, immediately, directly, in person. With bhū appear in person; [with] kṛ take a view of, put before the eyes, witness, notice, call to mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sākṣāt (साक्षात्):—[from sākṣa] a ind. ([ablative] of sākṣa above) with the eyes, with one’s own eyes, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] before one’s eyes, evidently, clearly, openly, manifestly, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] in person, in bodily form, personally, visibly, really, actually, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] immediately, directly, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

5) [from sākṣa] b in [compound] with forms of √kṛ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्):—prep. Before, in sight; as, like; manifestly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sakkhaṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sakshat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sakshat in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्):—(adv) in the presence of, in person, visibly; (a) manifest, tangible, visible; ~[kāra] an interview; ~[kārī] an interviewer; ~[kṛta] interviewed.

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Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sakshat in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Sākṣāt (ஸாக்ஷாத்) adverb < sākṣāt.

1. Before one’s eyes; கண்ணுக்கெதிரில். [kannukkethiril.]

2. Directly; நேராக. அவன் எனக்கு ஸாக்ஷாத் ஸஹோ தரன். [neraga. avan enakku sagshath saho tharan.]

3. Exactly; சரியாக. [sariyaga.]

4. See சாட்சாத்து. [sadsathu.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Sākṣāt (साक्षात्):—adv. in the presence of; visibly; in person; adj. 1. visible; evident; veritable; tangible; 2. manifest;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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