Sakata, Sakatā, Sakaṭa, Śakaṭa, Shakata, Śakaṭā, Śākaṭa: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sakata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śakaṭa and Śakaṭā and Śākaṭa can be transliterated into English as Sakata or Shakata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Śakaṭa (car): Bhramara hands with the thumb and middle finger extended. Usage: the gestures of Rākṣasas.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sakaṭa (सकट) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śakaṭa (शकट).—An asura. (See under Kṛṣṇa, Para 9, Sub Para 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śakaṭa (शकट).—(cart) upturned by Kṛṣṇa as a baby. (Taken generally to be an Asura)1 of Nanda, apparently his waggon or cart, which was then a means of transport.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 7. 7-10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 124.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 5. 1 and 6: 5. 22; 6. 1 and 23 ff; 15. 2.

2) Śakaṭā (शकटा).—Of the Agastya family.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 202. 1.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śākaṭa (शाकट).—A tad. affix added optionally with शाकिन (śākina) to the words इक्षु (ikṣu) and others in the sense of a field producing the thing; e.g. इक्षुशाकटम् (ikṣuśākaṭam) ; cf. P.V.2.29.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Śakaṭa (शकट) or Śakaṭāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vīrāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Śakaṭa Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vīra-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Yakkha who, with five thousand others, guarded the fifth door of Jotiyas palace. v.l. Kasakanda. DhA.iv. 209.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F (That which is really possessed).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śakaṭa (शकट) refers to “carriages” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “vehicles (yāna), i.e., elephants (hastin), horses (aśva), chariots (ratha), carriages (śakaṭa), etc.”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakaṭa : (m.; nt.) a cart; wagon.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sakatā, (f.) (-°) (abstr. fr. saka) one’s own nature, identity, peculiarity: see kamma-ssakatā & adj. °ssakata. It may also be considered as an abstr. formation fr. kamma-ssaka. (Page 660)

— or —

1) Sakaṭa, 2 see kasaṭa. (Page 659)

2) Sakaṭa, 1 (m. & nt.) (cp. Sk. śakaṭa; Vedic śakaṭī) a cart, waggon; a cartload D. II, 110; Vin. III, 114; J. I, 191; Miln. 238; PvA. 102; VbhA. 435 (simile of two carts); SnA 58 (udaka-bharita°), 137 (bīja°). sakaṭāni pajāpeti to cause the carts to go on J. II, 296.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakaṭa (शकट).—m (S) A cart. 2 The figure of a cart formed by the five stars composing the fourth lunar asterism. 3 fig. A clog, a person or business that hangs on and impedes.

--- OR ---

sakaṭa (सकट).—ad In the gross; in the lump; the whole together; without picking or choosing; indiscriminately. Pr. sa0 ghōḍē bārā ṭakkē. 2 prep Along with, together with, in association or conjunction with. See and apply the notice and the examples under sudhdāṃ.

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sakata (सकत).—f (Vulgar corruption of and constantly used for śakti) Power, strength, force.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śakaṭa (शकट).—m A cart. Fig. A clog.

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sakaṭa (सकट).—ad In the gross, in the lump, the whole together; without picking or choosing. sakaṭanikaṭa, saṅkaṭānta, saṅkaṭāmadhyēṃ In the gross, promiscuously and indis- criminately. prep Along with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakaṭa (शकट).—[śak-aṭan Uṇ.4.81]

1) A cart, carriage, waggon; रोहिणीशकटम् (rohiṇīśakaṭam) Pt.1.213,211,212; Y.3.42.

2) Cart-stand; caravansary; कृष्णरामौ वृतौ गोपैः पुराच्छ- कटमीयतुः (kṛṣṇarāmau vṛtau gopaiḥ purāccha- kaṭamīyatuḥ) Bhāg.1.42.23.

-ṭaḥ 1 A form of military array resembling a wedge; Ms.7.187.

2) A measure of capacity, cart-load equal to 2 palas.

3) Name of a demon slain by Kṛṣṇa when quite a boy.

4) Name of a tree. (tiniśa).

5) An implement for preparing grain.

Derivable forms: śakaṭaḥ (शकटः), śakaṭam (शकटम्).

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Śākaṭa (शाकट).—n. (-ṭī f.) [शकटाय हितम् अण् (śakaṭāya hitam aṇ)]

1) Relating to a cart.

2) Going in a cart.

-ṭaḥ 1 A draught-ox.

2) The tree called श्लेष्मातक (śleṣmātaka).

-ṭam A field; cf. शाकशाकट (śākaśākaṭa).

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Sakaṭa (सकट).—a. Bad, vile; सकटान्नं च नाश्नीयात् (sakaṭānnaṃ ca nāśnīyāt) Y.3.15.

-ṭaḥ Trophis Aspera (śokhoṭa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakaṭa (शकट).—mfn. Subst.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭī-ṭaṃ) A cart. m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A Daitya slain by Krishna. 2. A cart-load. 3. A form of military array resembling a wedge. 4. A measure of capacity equal to two thousand Panas. E. śak to be able, aṭan Unadi aff.

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Śākaṭa (शाकट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭī-ṭaṃ) Relating to a cart, (a cart-load, a cart-horse, &c.) m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A draught-ox. 2. The Sleshmantaka-tree. E. śakaṭa a cart, aṇ aff.

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Sakaṭa (सकट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) Bad, vile. m.

(-ṭaḥ) A small tree, (Trophis aspira.) E. sa with, kaṭa bad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakaṭa (शकट).—probably for śak + atra, I. m., f. ṭī, and n. A cart, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 89, M. M. (n.); [Pañcatantra] 8, 15 (); [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 33, 18 (ṭī); with prājāpatya, name of an asterism, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 239 (ṭā). Ii. m. 1. A cart-load. 2. A Daitya slain by Kṛṣṇa. Iii. m. or n. 1. An implement for preparing grain, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 117. 2. A form of marching an army, 7, 187.

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Śākaṭa (शाकट).—i. e. śakaṭa + a, I. adj. Relating to a cart. Ii. m. A draught ox.

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Sakaṭa (सकट).—adj. bad, vile.

Sakaṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and kaṭa (कट).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakaṭa (शकट).—[neuter] ([masculine]) cart, waggon (also śakaṭī [feminine]) a cert. form of military array (±vyūha [masculine])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakaṭa (शकट):—n. (rarely m. of doubtful derivation) a cart, waggon, car, carriage, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

2) (with prājāpatyam, or rohiṇyāḥ cf. rohiṇī-ś) the five stars forming the asterism Rohiṇī compared to a cart, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

3) (only) a [particular] configuration of stars and planets (when all the planets are in the Ist and 7th house), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) m. n. a form of military array resembling a wedge, [Manu-smṛti vii, 187]

5) m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Arum Colacasia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) an implement for preparing grain, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [wrong reading] for śākaṭa q.v.

9) Name of a man, g., naḍādi

10) of a demon slain by the child Kṛṣṇa, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

11) m. or n. (?) Name of a place, [Catalogue(s)]

12) Śākaṭa (शाकट):—[from śāka] 1. śākaṭa n. (ifc.) = next (cf. ikṣu-ś).

13) 2. śākaṭa mf(ī)n. ([from] śakaṭa) relating or belonging to a cart, going in a cart, drawing a cart, filling a cart etc., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) m. a draught-animal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) a cart-load, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Cordia Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) Sakaṭa (सकट):—[=sa-kaṭa] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] mfn. bad, vile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] m. Trophis Aspera or Angeissus Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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