Pinda, Piṇḍā, Piṇḍa, Pimda: 35 definitions


Pinda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Piṇḍā (पिण्डा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Piṇḍā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) is the town associated with Vṛddhanātha, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Vṛddhanātha was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to a “lump (of matter)”, according to the Viṃśikā 12.—Accordingly, “If the six [atoms supposedly surrounding the first one] share the same location [as the first one], [they] must [constitute] a lump (piṇḍa) [of matter] that has the size of a [single] atom”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Piṇḍā (पिण्डा).—Rice balls given on ceremonial occasions to Pitṛs: three to be given; like the calf in search of the cow lost in the stall, mantra takes them to the Pitṛs; to be given in the name of the gotra of the person;1 can be given to cows, Brahmanas, females, crows, hen or thrown into fire or water; the middle Piṇḍa can be eaten by the wife which leads to increase of santānam;2 Piṇḍadānam on the 12th day after death is supposed to be the Pātheyam or food for the way to heaven;3 seven Piṇḍas for seven generations;4 giving of, in the tīrthas of the Narmadā;5 at Gayā with tila.6

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 20. 10-16.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 16. 21, 35, 53-54; Vāyu-purāṇa 71. 10; 75. 25, 36.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 46. 55.
  • 4) Ib. 18. 5 and 29.
  • 5) Ib. 186. 15. 39; 239. 34.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 105, 12, 33; 108. 15, 21; 110. 23-59.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Manblunder: Garuda Purana series (dharmashastra)

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड).—When a person dies, the maximum number of days of impurity to the deceased’s relative is ten and this period is called aśauca period. Piṇḍa is offered everyday during the first ten days along with water, honey, ghee, sesame seeds, etc. Any rites to ancestors are performed only with sesame seeds. Piṇḍa is a ball of cooked rice. The preta body of dead is formed only on offering piṇḍas

The entire piṇḍa is not consumed by the preta. A piṇḍa is divided into four parts. One part is offered to the servants of Yama, the god of death. Two portions are used to convert the preta-śarīra into piṇḍa-śarīra and only the last quarter is consumed by the preta. Piṇḍas are also offered on the day of sapiṇḍīkaraṇa. On taking this piṇḍa, the preta-śarīra becomes a pitṛ and can reach the world of ancestors.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to a “ball of cooked food”, the offering of which forms part of (the ritual of sacrificing material to the Pitṛs) according to the Dharmaśāstra taught in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—According to some śrāddha denotes homa, the offering of piṇḍa (ball of cooked food) and gratification of the Brāhmaṇas invited to a dinner.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to a “sonic body” (made of the energies of the letters).

2) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to the body made up of the three principles of Caitanya (“consciousness”), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Consciousness (caitanya) is said to be (of three kinds) gross, very subtle and Unstruck Sound. The Body (piṇḍa) made of these principles is the differentiated (sakala) (aspect) whose form is the ghost (which is the goddess's vehicle). [...]”.

3) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to one of the four states of consciousness (related to four yogic states) [as commonly found in Kaula Tantras of various schools], according to the Mālinīvijayottaratantra 2.36ff, Tantrāloka 10.227, Kubjikāmatatantra chapters 17-19, Manthānabhairavatantra Kumārikākhaṇḍa 19.6ff, 44.5-8 and Kulapañcāśikā 1.8ff.

4) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to “syllables”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “[...] Once one has learnt the iconic form of the lineages, one should deposit the sequence of the deposition. O lord of the universe, knowing (this) thus, one is then worthy to worship the lineages. He who knows the sacred seats, syllables (piṇḍa), practice of the transmission, the line of teachers and the Kulakrama within the body, is the beloved of Kula. [...]”.

5) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) is the name of a Town associated with the Pīṭha named Dakṣiṇādi, according to the Kulakriḍāvatāra, a text paraphrased by Abhinavagupta in his Tāntrāloka.—The lineage (ovalli) Yogin is associated with the following:—Prince: Vindhya; Master: Śāṇḍilyamuni; Pīṭha: Dakṣiṇādi; Ghara (house): Śarabilla; Pallī (village): Akṣara; Town: Piṇḍa; Direction: south-west; Grove: Khaira; Vow-time: 25 years; Mudrā: right little finger; Chummā: “Navel”.

Source: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड, “solid mass”) represents one of the four stages of creation corresponding to the Mūlādhāra-cakra, and is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinī by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.62-63.—“(62) The ‘solid mass’ (piṇḍa) is doubtlessly the kuṇḍalinī, equivalent to Śiva; the “position” (pada), on the other hand, is doubtlessly the haṃsaḥ, the inner Self of all. The “form” (rūpa) is doubtlessly the bindu of infinite lustre; the blissful union (sāmarasya) with Śiva is “form transcended” (atītarūpa). (63) Those who are good speak of the union with the piṇḍa and the others, through blissful union [with Śiva], as the [type of] union that produces a seed (sabījayoga). The dissolution into Śiva, who is endowed with the quality of  being eternal, [they call] the [type of] union that produces no seed (nirbījayoga), [that is, the type] which is indifferent to rewards”.

Note: The terms piṇḍa, pada, rūpa and rūpātīta refer to four stages of creation. These four are also said to correspond to four Cakras: piṇḍa to mūlādhāra, pada to anāhata, rūpa to ājñā and rūpātīta to sahasrāra.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: The Tantric Śaiva Origins of Rājayoga

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to a “body”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya (17.36–38ab) which is attributed to Matsyendranātha, one of the supposed founders of Haṭhayoga.—Accordingly, “When one knows the self by the self, the self can take on any form at will. Theself is the supreme deity. He by whom this is known is the king of yogins. He is said to be Śiva. He is clearly liberated and may liberate another. O goddess, he is always very pure, like a lotus in the mud. Having adopted a mortal body [i.e., mānuṣya-piṇḍamānuṣyaṃ piṇḍam], he sports in the world as a Śiva”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to “(powdered) flour-cakes”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then the portal to the sanctum sanctorum, a riot of colour and form:] She was being illuminated by the entrance, on which there were hanging cloths reddened by lamp-smoke, a row of bracelets made of peacock-throats festooned [over it], a garland of bells closely-set and pale with powdered flour-cakes (piṣṭa-piṇḍa-pāṇḍurita), which supported two door-panels, [studded] with tin lion heads with thick, iron pins in their centres, barricaded with an ivory-rod bolt, carrying [what seemed to be] a necklace of sparkling bubbles that were mirrors oozing yellow, blue and red [light]”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (mantra)

1) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to “mass” (i.e., a group of consonants) and represents one of the four main parts of Mantras, according to the Śrīpraśṇa Saṃhitā (verse 51.4-7).—Mantras refers to “that which is chanted by people to obtain their spiritual aspirations”.—The Śrīpraśṇasaṃhitā gives a detailed explanation of the logistics of a basic mantra. Piṇḍa (moss) is a group of consonants, often connected with vowels inserted between the bīja and the body of the mantra.

2) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to a single-syllable mantra, according to the Nityatantra (bhūmikā, p. 13. mantramahodadhi).

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to the “muscles (of a bird)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “There are four kinds of Vāsa. [...] The Pratiṣṭhānās are thickly feathered and inferior in speed and courage. They are not subject to disease and are compact of muscle (baddha-piṇḍa), They come from the country abounding in hawks. In their colour they are whitish, blackish and reddish”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to a “ball” (of various ingredients) beneficial to fruit-giving trees, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “A ball (piṇḍa) made out of the mixture of flowers of the Madhuca indica, Nymphaea caerulea, honey, crystalline sugar and Glycyrrhiza glabra kept in a hole made at the root of a tree produces long lasting fruits (on the tree)”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to an offering made to departed ancestors.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

(Food offered to the bhikkhus).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to “balls” (e.g., balls of food), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 21).—Accordingly, “If the immoral man takes the monastic robes, these are like burning brass for him, like an iron ring around his body; his alms bowl is like a jar filled with melted copper; when he takes his food, it is as if he were swallowing balls (piṇḍa) of burning iron or drinking boiling brass; the people paying homage to him with their offerings are like the guardians of hell watching over him; when he enters the monastery, it is as though he were entering the great hell; when he sits on the monastic benches, it is as if he were taking his place on a bed of burning iron”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) refers to “alms”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to Brahmā Prabhāvyūha: “[...] (9) Further, ‘the root of good’ is being easily satisfied with food, ‘merit’ is effortlessly obtaining dhrama-robes (cīvara) and alms-bowls (piṇḍa-pāta), and ‘knowledge’ is to use them without desire or greed. (10) Further, ‘the root of good’ is to practice the presences of recollection, ‘merit’ is fulfilling the correct eliminations, ‘knowledge’ is attaining the bases of magical power. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Pinda is a Deori term referring to “ceremonial offering of food to deceased”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Pinda in Gabon is the name of a plant defined with Arachis hypogaea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Arachis hypogaea subsp. oleifera A. Chev. (among others).

2) Pinda in India is also identified with Gardenia resinifera It has the synonym Genipa resinifera (Roth) Baill. (etc.).

3) Pinda is also identified with Meyna spinosa It has the synonym Vangueria pyrostria Boerl. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Ned. Kruidk. Arch. (1851)
· Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. (1877)
· Darwiniana (1939)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1999)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Pinda, for example pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

piṇḍa : (m.) a lump; a lump of food.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Piṇḍa, (cp. Vedic piṇḍa; probably connected with piṣ i.e. crush, grind, make into a lump; Grassmann compares pīḍ to press; on other attempts at etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. puls) 1. a lump, ball, thick (& round) mass S. I, 206 (aṭṭhīyaka°); Pv III, 55 (nonīta°); VvA. 62 (kummāsa°), 65; Sdhp. 529 (ayo°).—2. a lump of food, esp. of alms, alms given as food S. I, 76; Sn. 217, 388, 391; J. I, 7 (nibbuta° cooled); Miln. 243 (para °ṃ ajjhupagata living on food given by others). piṇḍāya (Dat.) for alms, frequent in combn with carati, paṭikkamati, (gāmaṃ) pavisati, e.g. Vin. II, 195; III, 15; M. III, 157; Sn. 386; SnA 141, 175; PvA. 12, 13, 16, 47, 81, 136 and passim.—3. a conglomeration, accumulation, compressed form, heap, in akkhara° sequence of letters or syllables, context DhA. IV, 70.—attha condensed meaning, résumé J. I, 233, 275, 306; KhA 124, 192. Cp. sampiṇḍanattha.—ukkhepakaṃ in the manner of taking up lumps (of food), a forbidden way of eating Vin. II, 214=IV. 195, cp. Vin. Texts I. 64 (=piṇḍaṃ piṇḍaṃ ukkhipitvā C.).—gaṇanā counting in a lump, summing up DA. I, 95.—cāra alms-round, wandering for alms Sn. 414.—cārika one who goes for alms, begging Vin. II, 215; III, 34, 80; IV, 79; J. I, 116; VvA. 6.—dāyika (& °dāvika) one who deals out food (as occupation of a certain class of soldiers) D. I, 51 (°dāvika); A. IV, 107 (v. l. °dāyaka); Miln. 331; cp. DA. I, 156. See also Geiger, P. Gr. 46, 1; Rh. D. Dial. I. 68 (trsl. “camp-follower”); Franke, Dīgha trsl. 531 trsl. “Vorkämpfer” but recommends trsl. “Klossverteiler” as well).—dhītalikā a doll made of a lump of dough, or of pastry PvA. 17; cp. piṭṭha°.—paṭipiṇḍa (kamma) giving lump after lump, alms for alms, i.e. reciprocatory begging J. II, 82 (piṇḍa-paṭipiṇḍena jīvikaṃ kappesuṃ), 307 (piṇḍapāta-paṭipiṇḍena jīvikaṃ kappenti); V, 390 (mayaṃ piṇḍa-paṭipiṇḍa-kammaṃ na karoma).—pāta food received in the alms-bowl (of the bhikkhu), alms-gathering (on term see Vism. 31 yo hi koci āhāro bhikkhuno piṇḍolyena patte patitattā piṇḍapāto ti vuccati, and cp. BSk. piṇḍapāta-praviṣṭha AvŚ I. 359; piṇḍapāta-nirhāraka Divy 239) Vin. I, 46; II, 32 (°ṃ nīharāpeti), 77, 198, 223; III, 80, 99; IV, 66 sq. , 77; M. III, 297; S. I, 76, 92; A. I, 240; II, 27, 143; III, 109, 145 sq.; V, 100; Sn. 339; J. I, 7, 149, 212, 233; Pug. 59; Vism. 31, 60; VbhA. 279 (°âpacāyana); SnA 374; PvA. 11 sq. , 16, 38, 240.—pātika one who eats only food received in the alms-bowl; °aṅga is one of the dhutaṅga ordinances (see dhutaṅga) Vin. I, 253; II, 32 (°aṅga), 299 (+paṃsukūlika); III, 15 (id.); M. I, 30; III, 41; A. III, 391; Pug. 59, 69; SnA 57 (°dhutaṅga).—piṇḍapātika bhikkhu a bh. on his alms-round Vism. 246 (in simile); VbhA. 229 (id.). Cp. BSk. piṇḍapātika AvŚ I. 248.—pātikatta (abstr. to prec.) the state of eating alms-food, a characteristic of the Buddhist bhikkhu M. III, 41; S. II, 202, 208 sq.; A. I, 38; III, 109. (Page 458)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

piṇḍa (पिंड).—m (S) A lump, heap, cluster, a quantity or collection. 2 An oblation to deceased ancestors,--a ball or lump (of rice &c. mixed up with milk, curds, flowers) offered to the manes, at a Shraddh, by the nearest surviving relation. 3 The body. 4 A ball or globe, any globose body, a gland &c. 5 In geometry. The dimension of thickness. 6 The fœtus in an early stage of gestation, the embryo. 7 A sum in arithmetic.

--- OR ---

piṇḍā (पिंडा).—m (piṇḍa) A ball of thread.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

piṇḍa (पिंड).—m A lump. An oblation to deceased ancestors. The body. The embryo. piṇḍāsa basaṇēṃ-lāgaṇēṃ-khiḷaṇēṃ-jaḍaṇēṃ To stick closely to; to follow to the death. piṇḍī tē bramhāṇḍī Whatever is in the body is in the universe at large; man is a microcosm.

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piṇḍā (पिंडा).—m A ball of thread.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड).—a. (-ṇḍī f.) [पिण्ड्-अच् (piṇḍ-ac)]

1) Solid (ghana).

2) Compact, dense, close.

-ṇḍaḥ, -ṇḍam 1 A round mass, ball, globe; as in अयःपिण्डः, नेत्रपिण्डः (ayaḥpiṇḍaḥ, netrapiṇḍaḥ) &c.

2) A lump, clod (of earth &c.).

3) A round lump of food, morsel, mouthful; स न्यस्तशस्त्रो हरये स्वदेहमुपानयत् पिण्डमिवामिषस्य (sa nyastaśastro haraye svadehamupānayat piṇḍamivāmiṣasya) R. 2.59.

4) A ball or lump of rice offered to the Manes at obsequial ceremonies or Śrāddhas; नूनं मत्तः परं वंश्याः पिण्डविच्छेददर्शिनः । न प्रकामभुजः श्राद्धे स्वधासंग्रहतत्पराः (nūnaṃ mattaḥ paraṃ vaṃśyāḥ piṇḍavicchedadarśinaḥ | na prakāmabhujaḥ śrāddhe svadhāsaṃgrahatatparāḥ) | R.1.66; 8.26; Manusmṛti 3.216;9.132,136,14; Y.1.159.

5) Food in general; सफलीकृतभर्तृपिण्डः (saphalīkṛtabhartṛpiṇḍaḥ) M.5. 'who was true to his master's salt'.

6) Livelihood, sustenance, subsistence; पिण्डार्थमायस्यतः (piṇḍārthamāyasyataḥ) Mu.3.14.

7) Alms; पिण्डपातवेला (piṇḍapātavelā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.

8) Flesh, meat.

9) The fœtus or embryo in an early stage of gestation.

1) The body, corporeal frame; एकान्तविध्वंसिषु मद्विधानां पिण्डेष्वनास्था खलु भौतिकेषु (ekāntavidhvaṃsiṣu madvidhānāṃ piṇḍeṣvanāsthā khalu bhautikeṣu) R.2.57.

11) A heap, collection, multitude.

12) The calf of the leg; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.16.

13) A round button.

14) Anything round, thick, gross or solid.

15) An object in general.

16) A particular part of a house.

17) (In astr.) A sine expressed in numbers.

18) The twenty-fourth part of the quadrant of a circle.

19) The frontal sinus of an elephant or its projection.

2) A portico or shed in front of the door.

21) Incense, frank-incense.

22) (In arith.) Sum, total, amount.

23) (In geom.) Thickness.

24) The flower of a China rose.

-ṇḍam 1 Power, strength, might.

2) Iron.

3) Fresh butter.

4) An army.

5) Water; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) A lump, a heap, a cluster, a quantity or collection. mf. (-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍī) An oblation to deceased ancestors as a ball or lump of meat, or rice, mixed up with milk, curds, flowers, &c. and offered to the manes at the several Shradd'has. by the nearest surviving relations. m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A ball, a globe. 2. A mouthful, or roundish lump of food, considered as equivalent to a mouthful. 3. Presenting water or cake to a deceased relation. 4. The body. 5. The side immediately below the armpit. 6. A part of a house; a sort of portico or shed, in front of the door. 7. Coarse, gross, thick, solid. 8. Strength, power. 9. Myrrh. 10. Franki- ncense. 11. The China rose. 12. Food. 13. Flesh, meat. 14. The projection of an elephant’s frontal sinus. 15. The embryo or fetus in an early stage of gestation. 16. A sum, (in arithmetic.) 17. Thickness, (In geometry.) 18. (In astronomy,) The twenty-fourth part of the quadrant of a circle, or 30-45’. n.

(-ṇḍaṃ) 1. Livelihood, means, means of living. 2. Iron. 3. Fresh butter. 4. Power, strength. 5. An army. f. (-ṇḍī) 1. A long gourd, (Cucurbita lagenaria.) 2. A sort of palm, (Phœnix dactylifera.) 3. A flowering shrub, (Tabernæmontana coronaria flor. plen.) 4. Performance of certain gesticulations, accompanying the silent repetition of prayers, &c. in meditation on real or divine knowledge. 5. The nave of a wheel. 6. A house. 7. Solid, compact, close. 8. The calf of the leg. 9. A round mass. E. piḍi to heap, to gather, to collect, &c. aff. ac fem. aff. ṅīp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड).—probably akin to piṣ, I. m., f. ḍī, and n. 1. A lump, [Pañcatantra] 136, 2; a heap, a cluster, a quantity, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 81. 2. A ball, a globe, a little button, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 26, 19. Ii. m. n. 1. A mouthful, or roundish lump of food, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 216. 2. Food. 3. Livelihood, means of living, Mahābhārata 1, 4148. 4. Alms, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 191, 15. 5. The body. 6. An object, Bhāṣāp. 123. 7. An oblation to deceased ancestors, as a ball or lump of meat, or rice mixed up with milk, curds, flowers, etc., and offered to the manes at the several Śrāddhas by the nearest surviving relations; the funeral cake, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 215. Iii. f. ḍī, A plant, Jonesia aśoka, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 10; cf. 184, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड).—[masculine] [neuter] (piṇḍī [feminine]) a round mass, lump, globe, ball, knob, clod; [especially] a cake of meal offered to the Manes, also i.[grammar] a mouthful or lump of bread, victuals, subsistence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piṇḍa (पिण्ड):—[from piṇḍ] m. (rarely n.) any round or roundish mass or heap, a ball, globe, knob, button, clod, lump, piece (cf. ayaḥ-., māṃsaetc.), [Ṛg-veda] (only [i, 162, 19] and here applied to lumps of flesh), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a roundish lump of food, a bite, morsel, mouthful

3) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) a ball of rice or flour etc. offered to the Pitṛs or deceased ancestors, a Śrāddha oblation ([Religious Thought and Life in India 293; 298-310]), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] food, daily bread, livelihood, subsistence, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] any solid mass or material object, the body, bodily frame, [Raghuvaṃśa; Śaṃkarācārya; Vajracchedikā]

6) [v.s. ...] the calf of the leg, [Mālatīmādhava v, 16]

7) [v.s. ...] the flower of a China rose, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a portico or [particular] part of a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] power, force, an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. ([dual number]) the fleshy parts of the shoulder situated above the collar-bone, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] ([dual number]) the two projections of an elephant’s frontal sinus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] the embryo in an early stage of gestation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] kind of incense, [Varāha-mihira] (‘myrrh’ or ‘olibanum’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

14) [v.s. ...] meat, flesh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] alms, [Mālatīmādhava] (cf. -pāta below)

16) [v.s. ...] Vangueriya Spinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] quantity, collection, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) sum, total amount

19) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) a sine expressed in numbers

20) [v.s. ...] (in music) a sound, tone

21) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] naḍādi

22) [v.s. ...] n. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) iron

23) [v.s. ...] steel

24) [v.s. ...] fresh butter

25) Piṇḍā (पिण्डा):—[from piṇḍa > piṇḍ] f. a kind of musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड):—(ṇḍaḥ) 1. m. A lump, a ball; a mouthful; oblation to deceased relations; the body; embryo; sum; strength; myrrh; flesh. f. (ṇḍī) Long gourd; palm tree; gesticulation; nave of a wheel; a house. n. Livelihood; iron.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Piṇḍa (पिण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Piṃḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pinda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pinda in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a body; lump of cooked rice for oblation to the manes; a rounded mass; ball..—pinda (पिंडा) is alternatively transliterated as Piṃḍā.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Piṃḍa (पिंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Piṇḍa.

2) Piṃḍa (पिंड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Piṇḍa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piṃḍa (ಪಿಂಡ):—

1) [noun] a sphereical mass; a ball.

2) [noun] a group of persons animals or things; a multitude; a gathering.

3) [noun] anything that is taken into and assimilated by an animal to keep it alive and enable it to grow; food.

4) [noun] that much quantity of food that a person takes into his mouth at a time.

5) [noun] cooked, solid food formed into spherical shape, which can be held in one’s palm, for offering or offered to a god or manes.

6) [noun] the unborn young of a human in the uterus from about the eighth week after; a foetus.

7) [noun] a baby; an infant.

8) [noun] the physical body (of a human being).

9) [noun] any of the parts of a human body.

10) [noun] the thickness of anything.

11) [noun] any strong, solid thing.

12) [noun] a balsamic resin obtained from certain trees (of Styracaceae family), used in medicine and perfumery and as incense; benzoin.

13) [noun] iron.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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