Odana; 9 Definition(s)


Odana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Odana (ओदन) refers to “cooked rice”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Odana is is recommended as an offering for the deities and as food of the common people (v. 504). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Odana (ओदन)—One of the food-preparations mentioned in the Ṛg-veda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Odana (ओदन) refers to a “bowl of cooked rice”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “thus, one day Śāriputra offered a bowl of cooked rice (odana) to the Buddha. The Buddha immediately gave it to a dog and asked Śāriputra: You have given me some rice and I have given it to a dog. Which of the two of us has gained more merit (puṇya)?—Śāriputra answered: If I understand well the meaning of the Lord’s teaching, by giving it to a dog the Buddha has gained more merit than me”.

Notes: Śāriputra, the foremost of sages amongst all men, made a gift to the Buddha, supreme field of merit but did not equal the Buddha who, by offering [the same gift] to this lowly field of merit, a dog, gained very great merit. This is how we know that great merit (mahāpuṇya) comes from the intention (āśaya) and does not reside in the ‘field’ (kṣetra) [in other words, in the beneficiary of the gift]. Had Śāriputra given a thousand, ten thousand or a hundred thousand times more, he would not have reached the purity of intention (āśaya) of a Buddha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Odana in Pali glossary... « previous · [O] · next »

odana : (nt.; m.) boiled rice.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Odana, (m. & nt.) (Sk. odana, to Idg. *ud, from which also udaka, q. v. for full etym. ) boiled (milk-)rice, gruel Vin. II, 214 (m.); D. I, 76, 105; S. I, 82 (nāḷik°); DhA. IV, 17 (id.); A. III, 49; IV, 231; Sn. 18; J. III, 425 (til° m.); Dhs. 646, 740, 875; PvA. 73; VvA. 98; Sdhp. 113. Combd. with kummāsa (sour milk) in phrase o-k-upa-caya a heap of boiled rice and sour milk, of the body (see kāya I.); also at M. I, 247. (Page 166)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ōḍaṇa (ओडण).—n (Poetry.) A shield. See ex. under ōḍhaṇa.

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ōḍāṇa (ओडाण) [or ओढाण, ōḍhāṇa].—a R (See ōḍhāḷa) Straying, roving.

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ōdana (ओदन).—m (S) Boiled rice. ōdanācēṃ n A dinner or a meal.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ōdana (ओदन).—m Boiled rice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Odana (ओदन).—[und-yuc Uṇ.2.76]

1) Food, boiled rice; e. g. दध्योदनः, घृत°, गुड°, मांस° (dadhyodanaḥ, ghṛta°, guḍa°, māṃsa°) &c.

2) Grain mashed and cooked with milk.

3) A cloud. (Sometimes odana is prefixed to the names of pupils to denote that the pupil's object is more to be fed by his master than be taught; e. g. odanapāṇinīyāḥ P.VI.2.69 Sk. Mbh. on P.I.1.73. - The plant (balā) Sida Cordifolia (Mar. cikaṇā).

Derivable forms: odanaḥ (ओदनः), odanam (ओदनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 58 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dadhyodana (दध्योदन) refers to a type of food-offering mentioned in verse 25.114b of the 8th-ce...
Śālyodana (शाल्योदन).—boiled rice (of a superior kind). Derivable forms: śālyodanaḥ (शाल्योदनः)...
Pakkodana refers to: (adj.) having cooked one’s rice Sn. 18 (=siddhabhatta SnA 27), cp. J. III,...
Amṛtdana (अमृत्दन).—Name of a son of Siṃhahanu, and uncle of Śākyamuni. Derivable forms: amṛtda...
Bhūtdana (भूत्दन).—a dish of rice (eaten to counteract the influence of demons). Derivable form...
Citrdana (चित्र्दन).—boiled rice coloured with turmeric &c. Derivable forms: citrdanaḥ (चित्र्द...
Kṣīrdana (क्षीर्दन).—rice boiled with milk; क्षीरौ- दनं पाचयित्वा (kṣīrau- danaṃ pācayitvā) Bṛ....
Brahmdana (ब्रह्म्दन).—food given to the priests at a sacrifice. Derivable forms: brahmdanaḥ (ब...
Guḍdana (गुड्दन).—rice boiled with coarse sugar; Y.1. 33. Derivable forms: guḍdanam (गुड्दनम्)....
Ghṛtdana (घृत्दन).—boiled rice mixed with ghee. Derivable forms: ghṛtdanaḥ (घृत्दनः).Ghṛtdana i...
Rasdana (रस्दन).—rice boiled in meat-broth. Derivable forms: rasdanam (रस्दनम्).Rasdana is a Sa...
Miśrdana (मिश्र्दन).—a food of rice and pulse boiled (Mar. khicaḍī). Derivable forms: miśrdanaḥ...
Udakdana (उदक्दन).—rice boiled with water. Derivable forms: udakdanaḥ (उदक्दनः).Udakdana is a S...
Odanāhvayā (ओदनाह्वया).—Name of a medicinal plant (mahāsamaṃgā).Odanāhvayā is a Sanskrit compou...
Odanāhvā (ओदनाह्वा).—Name of a medicinal plant (mahāsamaṃgā).Odanāhvā is a Sanskrit compound co...

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