Odana: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Odana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Odana (ओदन) refers to “boiled rice”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Parivāpa and Puroḍāśa are the Vedic offerings made from rice. Parivāpa is prepared from parched rice fried in butter. Puroḍāśa is a rice-cake. The term odana has been used even from the Vedic period to signify the boiled rice. Atharvaveda refers to the milk boiled rice as kṣīra-odana.

In Naiṣadhīyacarita XVI. 68, the narration of Damayanti’s marriage feast is started with the description of the characteristics of odana served there. Here it can also be observed that odana while being eaten is divided into two parts; the first part was enjoyed with dishes and the other one with curds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Odana (ओदन) refers to “cooked rice”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Odana is is recommended as an offering for the deities and as food of the common people (v. 504). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Odana (ओदन) refers to the naivedya offerings in the month Pauṣa for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Pauṣa, the tooth-brush is that of khādira-wood. The food taken is candana. The deity to be worshipped is Yogeśvara. The flowers used in worship are marubhaka. The naivedya offerings is odana. The result  accrued is rājasūya.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Odana (ओदन)—One of the food-preparations mentioned in the Ṛg-veda.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Odana (ओदन) refers to a “bowl of cooked rice”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “thus, one day Śāriputra offered a bowl of cooked rice (odana) to the Buddha. The Buddha immediately gave it to a dog and asked Śāriputra: You have given me some rice and I have given it to a dog. Which of the two of us has gained more merit (puṇya)?—Śāriputra answered: If I understand well the meaning of the Lord’s teaching, by giving it to a dog the Buddha has gained more merit than me”.

Notes: Śāriputra, the foremost of sages amongst all men, made a gift to the Buddha, supreme field of merit but did not equal the Buddha who, by offering [the same gift] to this lowly field of merit, a dog, gained very great merit. This is how we know that great merit (mahāpuṇya) comes from the intention (āśaya) and does not reside in the ‘field’ (kṣetra) [in other words, in the beneficiary of the gift]. Had Śāriputra given a thousand, ten thousand or a hundred thousand times more, he would not have reached the purity of intention (āśaya) of a Buddha.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

odana : (nt.; m.) boiled rice.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Odana, (m. & nt.) (Sk. odana, to Idg. *ud, from which also udaka, q. v. for full etym. ) boiled (milk-)rice, gruel Vin. II, 214 (m.); D. I, 76, 105; S. I, 82 (nāḷik°); DhA. IV, 17 (id.); A. III, 49; IV, 231; Sn. 18; J. III, 425 (til° m.); Dhs. 646, 740, 875; PvA. 73; VvA. 98; Sdhp. 113. Combd. with kummāsa (sour milk) in phrase o-k-upa-caya a heap of boiled rice and sour milk, of the body (see kāya I.); also at M. I, 247. (Page 166)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ōḍaṇa (ओडण).—n (Poetry.) A shield. See ex. under ōḍhaṇa.

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ōḍāṇa (ओडाण) [or ओढाण, ōḍhāṇa].—a R (See ōḍhāḷa) Straying, roving.

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ōdana (ओदन).—m (S) Boiled rice. ōdanācēṃ n A dinner or a meal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ōdana (ओदन).—m Boiled rice.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Odana (ओदन).—[und-yuc Uṇ.2.76]

1) Food, boiled rice; e. g. दध्योदनः, घृत°, गुड°, मांस° (dadhyodanaḥ, ghṛta°, guḍa°, māṃsa°) &c.

2) Grain mashed and cooked with milk.

3) A cloud. (Sometimes odana is prefixed to the names of pupils to denote that the pupil's object is more to be fed by his master than be taught; e. g. odanapāṇinīyāḥ P.VI.2.69 Sk. Mahābhārata on P.I.1.73. - The plant (balā) Sida Cordifolia (Mar. cikaṇā).

Derivable forms: odanaḥ (ओदनः), odanam (ओदनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Odana (ओदन).—mn.

(-naḥ-naṃ) Boiled rice. f. (-nikā-nī) A plant, (Sida cordifolia, &c.) see valā E. und to be wet, lyuṭ Unadi affix, and na dropped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Odana (ओदन).—i. e. ud (= und) + ana, m. and n. 1. A pap, see comp. 2. Boiled rice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 329.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Odana (ओदन).—[masculine] [neuter] boiled rise, porridge; food i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Odana (ओदन):—[from odatī] mn. (√ud, [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 76]), grain mashed and cooked with milk, porridge, boiled rice, any pap or pulpy substance, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. cloud, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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