Nishcaya, Niścaya, Niścāya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nishcaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Niścaya and Niścāya can be transliterated into English as Niscaya or Nishcaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nishchaya.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Niścaya (निश्चय) refers to “correct apprehension”, as opposed to viparyāsa, “misapprehension”; both mentioned as characteristics of intelligence (buddhi) in the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 3.26.30.—The study to determine whether one's identity is spiritual or material begins in doubt. When one is able to analyze his actual position, the false identification with the body is detected. This is viparyāsa. When false identification is detected, then real identification can be understood. Real understanding is described here as niścaya, or proved experimental knowledge.

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context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niścaya (निश्चय).—m (S) Determination, resolve, settled purpose. 2 Determination, settlement, ascertainment, positive conclusion. 3 Confidence, assurance, firm belief or persuasion. 4 Certainty or sureness; as opp. to contingency. 5 Used as ad Certainly, positively, without fail. niścayapūrvaka, niścayātmaka Certainly, without a doubt or question. 2 Certain, sure. niścayācā Decided, determined, not changeful. 3 Sure, certain, settled, not doubtful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niścaya (निश्चय).—

1) Ascertainment, investigation, inquiry.

2) A fixed opinion, settled or firm conviction, firm belief.

3) A determination, resolution, resolve; एष मे स्थिरो निश्चयः (eṣa me sthiro niścayaḥ) Mu.1.

4) Certainty, positiveness, positive conclusion.

5) Fixed intention, design, purpose, aim; कैकेयी क्रूरनिश्चया (kaikeyī krūraniścayā) R.12.4; Ku.5.5.

6) Name of a figure in Rhetoric.

Derivable forms: niścayaḥ (निश्चयः).

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Niścāya (निश्चाय).—Congregation; ततः कपिसमाहारमेकनिश्चायमागतम् (tataḥ kapisamāhāramekaniścāyamāgatam) Bk.7.34.

Derivable forms: niścāyaḥ (निश्चायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niścaya (निश्चय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Certainty, ascertainment, positive, conclusion. 2. A fixed intention, design, purpose, aim. E. nira affirmative particle, ci to collect, aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niścaya (निश्चय).—i. e. nis-ci + a, m. 1. Ascertainment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 1. 2. Firm conviction, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 29, 19. 3. Certainty, [Nala] 19, 8. 4. instr. ºyena, and abl. ºyāt, Certainly, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 10, 5; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 14125. 5. Inquiry, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 94. 6. Decision, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 8, 22. 7. Regard, Mahābhārata 12, 2218. 8. Resolution, design, [Pañcatantra] 77, 13; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 17, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niścaya (निश्चय).—[masculine] ascertainment, conviction, persuasion, decision, resolution, fixed opinion or purpose.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niścaya (निश्चय):—[=niś-caya] a etc. See niś-ci.

2) [=niś-caya] [from niś-ci] b m. inquiry, ascertainment, fixed opinion, conviction, certainty, positiveness (iti niścayaḥ, ‘this is a fixed opinion’; yaṃ-√jñā, ‘to ascertain the certainty about anything’; yena ind. or yāt ind. certainly), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] resolution, resolve fixed intention, design, purpose, aim (yaṃ-√kṛ, to resolve upon, determine to [dative case] [locative case] or [infinitive mood]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) Name of a [particular] figure, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niścaya (निश्चय):—[niśca+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Certainty.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Niścaya (निश्चय):—(von 2. ci mit nis) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 58] (nach dem Schol. parox., nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 144] aber oxyt.)

1) eine feste Meinung, feststehende Ansicht, genaue Kenntniss, sicheres Wissen, Gewissheit [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 12. 3, 4, 3, 23. 32] [?(COLEBR. 28), 14. 5, 16 Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1374. 1540. Halāyudha 5, 62.] buddhirnāma niścayātmikāntaḥkaraṇavṛttiḥ [Vedānta lecture No. 47.] saṃśayo tha viparyāso niścayaḥ smṛtireva ca [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 26, 30.] [Bhāṣāpariccheda 127.] iti budhānāmeṣa niścayaḥ [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 2, 27.] iti niścayaḥ so steht es fest [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 1. 67.] [Mahābhārata 5, 7372.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 17, 20.] śakto haṃ sarvabhūtānāmiti me niścayo dṛḍhaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 29, 19.] eṣa lokasya niścayaḥ [?4, 23, 6. Mahābhārata 4, 77. Vetālapañcaviṃśati in Lassen’s Anthologie 7, 14.] na yukto niścayaḥ es ist nicht passend sich darüber entschieden auszusprechen [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 188, 1.] saṃdigdha keine feste Meinung habend [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 7, 6.] niścayaṃ jñātum Gewissheit erlangen [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 66.] yadatra satyaṃ vāsatyaṃ gatvā vetsyāmi niścayam [Nalopākhyāna 19, 8.] niścayārthaṃ dvau carau preṣayati [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 14, 575, 11.] saṃvādasuniścayā vollkommene Gewissheit habend [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 127.] buddhiniścaye wo es gilt, dass der Verstand entscheidet, [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 24, 15.] mati eine feststehende Meinung [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 27, 211.] śrutāste vedaniścayāḥ was die Veda hierüber bestimmen [Mahābhārata 11, 24.] niścayaṃ śṛṇu me tatra tyāge meine feststehende Meinung über [Bhagavadgītā 18, 4.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 255.] gaṅgāyāścāgame rājā niścayaṃ nādhyagacchata konnte nicht darüber mit sich auf’s Reine kommen, wie u.s.w. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 42, 26. 8. 18. 43, 6.] agatvā niścayam [42, 27.] agatvā niścayaṃ teṣāmuddharaṇaṃ prati [43, 10.] nāsya labhāmi niścayam [Mahābhārata 4, 234.] kathayāmāsa dharmātmā tasya śabdasya niścayam wie es sich in Wirklichkeit mit dieser Benennung verhält [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 26, 7.] iti dharmeṣu niścayaḥ so lautet die Bestimmung in Bezug auf das Recht [Mahābhārata 5, 7078.] yaḥ praśnaṃ vitathaṃ brūyātpṛṣṭaḥ sandharmaniścaye [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 94.] [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 2, 29.] [Mahābhārata 2, 265.] utsāhaṃ ca pramāṇaṃ ca mantriṇāmarthaniścaye in der Entscheidung der Angelegenheit [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 31, 32.] tṛtīye hani niścitya mantribhirmantraniścayam nachdem er zu einem festen Entschluss gekommen war [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 1, 8, 22.] sanmantraniścayāt [Mahābhārata] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 48, 15.] ekaṃ śāstramadhīyāno na vidyācchāstraniścayam der hat keine genaue Kenntniss von [Suśruta 1, 14, 9.] saṃpravakṣyāmyataścordhvamāhāragatiniścayam wie es sich damit genau verhält [274, 16.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 52, 12.] madhurāstu kathāścitrārthapadaniścayāḥ . niścayajñaḥ sa pārthāya kathayāmāsa keśavaḥ .. [Mahābhārata 14, 379.] nava brahmāṇa ityete purāṇe niścayaṃ gatāḥ so v. a. ausdrücklich genannt [Viṣṇupurāṇa] bei [MUIR, Sanskrit Texts I, 25, Nalopākhyāna 40.] nāsāṃ vayasi niścayaḥ so v. a. sie kümmern sich nicht um das Alter [Mahābhārata 13,] [?2218; vgl. Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 14], wo saṃsthitiḥ st. niścayaḥ gesagt wird. anena niścayena so v. a. da solches feststand, da man darüber einig war [Sāvitryupākhyāna 7, 6.] niścayena bestimmt, durchaus, gewiss: sa niścayena yoktavyo yogo nirviṇṇacetasā [Bhagavadgītā 6, 23.] adya me niścayena maraṇaṃ bhaviṣyati [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 10, 5.] niścayāt dass.: prīto smi vaḥ suraśreṣṭhāḥ sarveṣāmeva niścayāt [Harivaṃśa 14125.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 5, 6.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 456.] suniścayam ganz bestimmt, durchaus [Harivaṃśa 7211.] am Anfange eines comp. in adv. Bed.: avyaktaḥ kila toyasya raso niścayaniścitaḥ [Suśruta 1, 136, 9.] —

2) Entschluss, Beschluss, bestimmtes Vorhaben: tatprabhāte tra gantavyamiti niścayaḥ [Pañcatantra 77, 13.] niścayaṃ kar beschliessen, sich Etwas fest vornehmen [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 15, 4. 47, 10. 65, 4. 2, 45, 26.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 3, 60.] kṛtvā niścayamātmanaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 48, 16.] niścayaṃ paramaṃ kṛtvā [4, 49, 20.] taṃ hantuṃ kṛtaniścayaḥ [3, 50, 16.] yuddhāya kṛtaniścayaḥ [Bhagavadgītā 2, 37.] [Pañcatantra 74, 7.] [Harivaṃśa 7211.] yajñakarmaṇi [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 39, 25.] maraṇe [Pañcatantra 48, 7.] eṣā tvayyāsītkṛtaniścayā sie hatte sich für dich entschlossen, sie hatte sich entschlossen dir zu gehören [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 22, 10.] niyama [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 21, 6.] phalagrahaṇavyavasāya [Pañcatantra I, 195.] maraṇa fest entschlossen zu sterben [48, 12.] dṛḍha adj. [Mahābhārata 5, 7317.] niścala [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 428.] baddha adj. [Kathāsaritsāgara 16, 116.] ahārya adj. [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 8.] kṣipra adj. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 179.] pāpa adj. f. ā Böses vorhabend, Böses im Sinne führend [Mahābhārata 1, 3291. 13, 2397.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 42, 6. 73, 16.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 6, 16.] krūraniścayā [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 4.] eka einem und demselben Gedanken nachgehend, dasselbe Ziel verfolgend [Sundopasundopākhyāna 1, 4.] [Harivaṃśa 8319.] tānviddhyāsuraniścayān dämonische Ziele verfolgend [Bhagavadgītā 17, 6.] —

3) Gewissheit, Enttäuschung; Bez. einer best. rhetorischen Figur: anyanniṣidhya prakṛtasthāpanaṃ niścayaḥ punaḥ mit dem Beispiele: vadanamidaṃ na sarojaṃ nayane nendīvare ete . iha savidhe mugdhadṛśo madhakara na mudhā paribhrāmya .. [Sāhityadarpana 685.] — Vgl. artha .

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Niścaya (निश्चय):—

2) krūra adj. [Spr. 5047.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Niścaya (निश्चय):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) eine feste Meinung , feststehende Ansicht , Ueberzeugung , Vergewisserung , genaue Kenntniss , sicheres Wissen , Gewissheit , Entscheidung , das Sichverhalten in Wirklichkeit. nāsāṃ vayasi niścayaḥ so v.a. in Betreff des Alters lassen sie es dahingestellt sein , um das A. kümmern sie sich nicht. anena niścayena so v.a. da solches feststand. niścayena , niścayāt und niścaya bestimmt , durchaus , gewiss.

2) Entschluss. Beschluss , bestimmtes Vorhaben. niścayaṃ kar beschliessen , sich Etwas fest vornehmen (mit Dat. Loc. oder Infin.) , sich für Jmd (Loc.) entschliessen.

3) eine best. rhetorisches Figur: Gewissheit , Enttäuschung.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishcaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niścaya (निश्चय) [Also spelled nischay]:—(nm) determination, resolution; settlement; decision; certainty; (a) definite; certain; positive; (adv) definitely, certainly; positively; ~[yātmaka] positive; definite, decisive, certain; hence ~[yātmakatā] (nf).

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