Nishanna, Niṣaṇṇa: 10 definitions


Nishanna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niṣaṇṇa can be transliterated into English as Nisanna or Nishanna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण) refers to “sitting (near someone)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Then Agastya, the Great Ṛṣi, sitting (niṣaṇṇa) not too far from the Bhagavān, having heard this dhāraṇī, arose from his seat and falling at the feet of the Bhagavān addressed the Bhagavān, ‘O Bhagavān, I will make a beak-sealing for pests of all sorts, malevolent and hostile, poison-holders, destroyers of crops, flowers, fruits, leaves and the best roots; [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण) refers to “sitting” (in the mouth of Yama), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In this world, fool, how could the body, which is covered in a mass of skin, a skeleton of bones, excessively filled with the smells of a stinking corpse, sitting in the mouth of Yama (yama-vadana-niṣaṇṇa), the abode of the serpent-lord of disease, be for the pleasure of men? [Thus ends the reflection on] impurity”.

Synonyms: Sthita.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण).—p. p.

1) Seated; sitting on or in, rested, reclined, resting or reclining on; पृष्टान्वयः स जलकुम्भ- निषण्णदेहः (pṛṣṭānvayaḥ sa jalakumbha- niṣaṇṇadehaḥ) R.9.76; Kumārasambhava 4.23.

2) Supported.

3) Gone to.

4) Dejected, afflicted, down-cast; cf. विषण्ण (viṣaṇṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण).—nt. (not recorded as subst.), sitting down: gamanaṃ (mss. gataṃ, unmetrical(ly)) sthitaṃ niṣaṇṇaṃ śayitaṃ lokottaraṃ munino (= Buddhasya) Mahāvastu i.167.18, supra-worldly is the going, standing, sitting, lying of a Buddha (a Lokottaravādin doctrine); note that Sanskrit (tho rarely) uses sthita as a noun (like gamana); perhaps this other- wise unknown use of niṣaṇṇa and śayita is influenced by that.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण).—mfn.

(-ṇṇa-ṇṇā-ṇṇaṃ) 1. Placed in or on. 2. Gone to. 3. Rested, reclined. E. ni before, sad to go, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण):—[=ni-ṣaṇṇa] [from ni-ṣad] mfn. sitting. seated, sitting or lying or resting or leaning upon ([locative case] or [compound]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] performed by sitting (as a Sattra), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] sat upon (as a seat), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] sunk down, afflicted, distressed, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण):—[ni-ṣaṇṇa] (ṇṇaḥ-ṇṇā-ṇṇaṃ) p. Placed; gone to.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Niṣaṇṇa (निषण्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇivaṇṇa, Ṇisaṇṇa, Ṇimaṇṇa, Ṇuvaṇṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇisaṇṇa (णिसण्ण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Niṣaṇṇa.

2) Ṇisaṇṇa (णिसण्ण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Niḥsaṃjña.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niṣaṇṇa (ನಿಷಣ್ಣ):—[adjective] sitting; seated.

--- OR ---

Niṣaṇṇa (ನಿಷಣ್ಣ):—[noun] he who is sitting.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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