Nemi: 20 definitions



Nemi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Nemi (नेमि).—The real name of Daśaratha. (See under Daśaratha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nemi (नेमि).—A Rākṣasa was asked by Bali to refrain from battle with Vāmana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 19.

1b) A Sutapa God.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14.

1c) One of the sons of Ikṣvāku; a righteous king cursed by Vasiṣṭha to lose his body.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9; 89. 3-4.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Nemi (नेमि).—Part of an annulus. Note: Nemi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nemi

See Nimi.

2. Nemi

A servitor of Kuvera. D.iii.201.

3. Nemi

A Pacceka Buddha, perhaps the same as Nimi (q.v.). M.iii.70.

4. Nemi

Forty three kappas ago there were sixteen kings of this name, all previous births of Vimala Kodanna. ThagA.i.146; Ap.i.150.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nemi (नेमि) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nemi).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Nemi (नेमि):—The twenty-second Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known by the name Neminātha. His colour is black (śyāma), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 15 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 18 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Śaṅkha.

Nemi’s father is Samudravijaya and his mother is Śivādevī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).


Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Nemi (नेमि) or Ariṣṭanemi refers to the twenty-second of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Nemi is the son of Śivā and Samudravijaya, according to chapter 1.6, “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] Son of Śivā and Samudravijaya, in Śauryapura, dark blue, Nemi, ten bows tall, with a life of a thousand years, will be a wandering mendicant for seven hundred years, and the interval between the mokṣa of Nami and Nemi will be five lacs of years”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nemi : (f.) the rim of a wheel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nemi, (f.) (Vedic nemi, perhaps to namati) the circumference of a wheel, circumference, rim, edge (cp. nema) A. I, 112; Vv 645; Miln. 238, 285; Vism. 198 (fig. jarāmaraṇa°, the rim of old age & death, which belongs to the wheel of Saṃsāra of the chariot of existence, bhavaratha); DhA. II, 124 (°vaṭṭi); VvA. 277. (Page 377)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nēmī (नेमी).—f S The strake or tyre of a wheel: also the periphery.

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nēmī (नेमी).—ad (niyama S through nēma) Constantly, habitually, regularly, by rule or course.

--- OR ---

nēmī (नेमी).—a Properly and commonly niyamī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nēmī (नेमी).—f The tyre of a wheel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nemi (नेमि) or Nemī (नेमी).—f.

1) 4 The circumfercnce, ring or felly of a wheel; उपोढशब्दा न रथाङ्गनेमयः (upoḍhaśabdā na rathāṅganemayaḥ) Ś.7.1; चक्रनेमिक्रमेण (cakranemikrameṇa) Me.111; R.1.17,39.

2) Edge, rim; भुजान् कुठारेण कठोरनेमिना चिच्छेद रामः प्रसभं त्वहेरिव (bhujān kuṭhāreṇa kaṭhoraneminā ciccheda rāmaḥ prasabhaṃ tvaheriva) Bhāg.9.15.34.

3) A windlass.

4) A circumference (in general); उदधिनेमि (udadhinemi) R.9.1.

5) A thunderbolt.

6) The earth.

-miḥ The tree तिनिश (tiniśa).

Derivable forms: nemiḥ (नेमिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—(compare also Nemin), (1) (probably = Nimi, Pali Nimi, Nemi), name of a cakravartin: Mahāvyutpatti 3583; (2) (= Pali id.) name of a pratyekabuddha: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 64.13; 111.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—f. (-miḥ-mī) 1. The circumference of a wheel. 2. The framework for the rope of a well. 3. Edge, rim. 4. A windlass. 5. A thunderbolt. 6. The earth. m.

(-miḥ) 1. The twenty-second Jina or Jaina pontiff. 2. A sacred place, as Mathura. mf. (-miḥ-mī) A tree, (Dalbergia Oujeiniensis.) E. ṇī to gain or go, Unadi aff. mi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—i. e. nam (with e instead of being reduplicated), + i, f. 1. The cireumference of a wheel, Mahābhārata 3, 15489. 2. Circumference, e. g. samudra -nem, adj. Surrounded by the ocean, Mahābhārata 1, 1585. 3. Edge, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 19, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—[feminine] the circumference of a wheel; rim, edge i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nemi (नेमि):—f. (√nam) the felly of a wheel (also , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), any circumference or edge or rim (ifc. ‘encircled’ or ‘surrounded by’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a windlass or framework for the rope of a well (also ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a thunderbolt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) the foundation of a wall, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. nema)

5) m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a Daitya, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) of a Cakra-vartin, [Buddhist literature] (cf. nimi)

8) of 22nd Arhat of present Ut-sarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि):—(miḥ) 2. m. 22d Jaina pontiff; sacred place. m. f. A tree. f. miḥ-mī) Circumference of a wheel; wheel of a well.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nemi (नेमि):—

--- OR ---

Nemi (नेमि):—

1) tigma (cakra) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 57, 21.] — Vgl. arṇava .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nemi (नेमि):——

1) f. — a) Radkranz. An einem radähnlichen Alter [Śulbasūtra 3,197.] Auch nemī. — b) Rund , Umkreis überh. — c) *Donnerkeil. — d) *eine best. Vorrichtung am Brunnen. Auch nemī. — e) *das Fundament eines Walles [Galano's Wörterbuch] ; vgl. nema 2)b). —

2) m. — a) *Dalbergia ougeinensis. — b) Nomen proprium — α) eines Daitya. — β) eines Cakravartin. — γ) des 22ten Arhant’s der gegenwärtigen Utsarpiṇi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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