Nemi: 27 definitions


Nemi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Nemi (नेमि).—The real name of Daśaratha. (See under Daśaratha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nemi (नेमि).—A Rākṣasa was asked by Bali to refrain from battle with Vāmana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 19.

1b) A Sutapa God.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14.

1c) One of the sons of Ikṣvāku; a righteous king cursed by Vasiṣṭha to lose his body.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 9; 89. 3-4.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Nemi (नेमि).—Part of an annulus. Note: Nemi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Nemi in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Ougeinia oojeinensis (Roxb.) Hochr. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Dalbergia oojeinensis, Desmodium oojeinense, Ougeinia dalbergioides. For the possible medicinal usage of nemi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nemi

See Nimi.

2. Nemi

A servitor of Kuvera. D.iii.201.

3. Nemi

A Pacceka Buddha, perhaps the same as Nimi (q.v.). M.iii.70.

4. Nemi

Forty three kappas ago there were sixteen kings of this name, all previous births of Vimala Kodanna. ThagA.i.146; Ap.i.150.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nemi (नेमि) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nemi).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Nemi (नेमि):—The twenty-second Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known by the name Neminātha. His colour is black (śyāma), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 15 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 18 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Śaṅkha.

Nemi’s father is Samudravijaya and his mother is Śivādevī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).


Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Nemi (नेमि) or Ariṣṭanemi refers to the twenty-second of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Nemi is the son of Śivā and Samudravijaya, according to chapter 1.6, “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] Son of Śivā and Samudravijaya, in Śauryapura, dark blue, Nemi, ten bows tall, with a life of a thousand years, will be a wandering mendicant for seven hundred years, and the interval between the mokṣa of Nami and Nemi will be five lacs of years”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Nemi (नेमि) or Nemikathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Nemi-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Minor Chiefs and "Hero" in Ancient Tamilakam

Nēmi (“boomerang”) is a name related to the historical geography and rulers of ancient Tamil Nadu, occuring in Sangam literature such as the Akanāṉūṟu and the Puṟanāṉūṟu.—Notes: Nēmi, Nēmiyōṉ/Nēmiyōr—dharmacakra “wheel of sovereignty” (VIS 411), nēmi “boomerang” (redundant in ‘Nālāyiram’ Rajarajan 2017a: 953-54, 1372), Tirumāl is Nēmiyāṉ, nemiḥ (Apte 1990: 632).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Nemi in India is the name of a plant defined with Desmodium oojeinense in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ougeinia oojeinensis Hochr. (among others).

2) Nemi is also identified with Merremia emarginata It has the synonym Evolvulus emarginatus Burm. f. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzenge schichte und Pflanzengeographie (1893)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Taxon (1979)
· Plantae Junghuhnianae (1852)
· Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d’Histoire Naturelle de Genève (1833)
· Flora Indica (1768)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nemi, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nemi : (f.) the rim of a wheel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nemi, (f.) (Vedic nemi, perhaps to namati) the circumference of a wheel, circumference, rim, edge (cp. nema) A. I, 112; Vv 645; Miln. 238, 285; Vism. 198 (fig. jarāmaraṇa°, the rim of old age & death, which belongs to the wheel of Saṃsāra of the chariot of existence, bhavaratha); DhA. II, 124 (°vaṭṭi); VvA. 277. (Page 377)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nēmī (नेमी).—f S The strake or tyre of a wheel: also the periphery.

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nēmī (नेमी).—ad (niyama S through nēma) Constantly, habitually, regularly, by rule or course.

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nēmī (नेमी).—a Properly and commonly niyamī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nēmī (नेमी).—f The tyre of a wheel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nemi (नेमि) or Nemī (नेमी).—f.

1) 4 The circumfercnce, ring or felly of a wheel; उपोढशब्दा न रथाङ्गनेमयः (upoḍhaśabdā na rathāṅganemayaḥ) Ś.7.1; चक्रनेमिक्रमेण (cakranemikrameṇa) Meghadūta 111; R.1.17,39.

2) Edge, rim; भुजान् कुठारेण कठोरनेमिना चिच्छेद रामः प्रसभं त्वहेरिव (bhujān kuṭhāreṇa kaṭhoraneminā ciccheda rāmaḥ prasabhaṃ tvaheriva) Bhāgavata 9.15.34.

3) A windlass.

4) A circumference (in general); उदधिनेमि (udadhinemi) R.9.1.

5) A thunderbolt.

6) The earth.

-miḥ The tree तिनिश (tiniśa).

Derivable forms: nemiḥ (नेमिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—(compare also Nemin), (1) (probably = Nimi, Pali Nimi, Nemi), name of a cakravartin: Mahāvyutpatti 3583; (2) (= Pali id.) name of a pratyekabuddha: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 64.13; 111.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—f. (-miḥ-mī) 1. The circumference of a wheel. 2. The framework for the rope of a well. 3. Edge, rim. 4. A windlass. 5. A thunderbolt. 6. The earth. m.

(-miḥ) 1. The twenty-second Jina or Jaina pontiff. 2. A sacred place, as Mathura. mf. (-miḥ-mī) A tree, (Dalbergia Oujeiniensis.) E. ṇī to gain or go, Unadi aff. mi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—i. e. nam (with e instead of being reduplicated), + i, f. 1. The cireumference of a wheel, Mahābhārata 3, 15489. 2. Circumference, e. g. samudra -nem, adj. Surrounded by the ocean, Mahābhārata 1, 1585. 3. Edge, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 19, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि).—[feminine] the circumference of a wheel; rim, edge i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nemi (नेमि):—f. (√nam) the felly of a wheel (also , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), any circumference or edge or rim (ifc. ‘encircled’ or ‘surrounded by’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a windlass or framework for the rope of a well (also ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a thunderbolt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) the foundation of a wall, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. nema)

5) m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a Daitya, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) of a Cakra-vartin, [Buddhist literature] (cf. nimi)

8) of 22nd Arhat of present Ut-sarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nemi (नेमि):—(miḥ) 2. m. 22d Jaina pontiff; sacred place. m. f. A tree. f. miḥ-mī) Circumference of a wheel; wheel of a well.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nemi (नेमि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇemi, Ṇemī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nemi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇemi (णेमि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nemi.

2) Ṇemī (णेमी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nemī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nēmi (ನೇಮಿ):—[noun] = ನೇಮವಂತ [nemavamta].

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Nēmi (ನೇಮಿ):—

1) [noun] the outer rim of a wheel; felly.

2) [noun] a small, rimmed wheel that turns in a frame, used to pull or lift a weight using a cord or rope passing on it; a pulley.

3) [noun] a bound that prevents water in a water body from flowing out or directs the course of its flow.

4) [noun] the tree Ougeinia oojeinensis (= o. dalbergioides, = Dalbergia ougeinensis) of Papilionaceae family.

5) [noun] (Jain.) the twenty second T ī rthankara, the spiritual teacher.

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Nēmi (ನೇಮಿ):—

1) [noun] the tree Manilkara kauki (= Mimusops kauki) of Sapotaceae family.

2) [noun] the medium-sized, deciduous tree Ougeinia oojeinensis (= O. dalbergioides, = Dalbergia ougeinensis) of Papilionaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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