Anayana, Ānayana, Anāyana: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Anayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anayan.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: The goladhyaya in Nityananda’s Sarvasiddhanta-raja

Ānayana (आनयन) refers to “working” (of astronomical phenomenon), according to a particular manuscript of Nityānanda’s Sarvasiddhāntarāja.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered

Ānayana (आनयन) refers to the “reckoning” (of time or stars), as taught in the Paṇhavāgaraṇa (Sanskrit: Praśnavyākaraṇa): the tenth Anga of the Jain canon which deals with the prophetic explanation of queries regarding divination.—The Praśnavyākaraṇa deals with the praśnavidyā in a rather complex way. It is divided into at least 33 short chapters, some of which are further divided into sub-chapters. Some contents of the text, mainly those related with articulation and pronunciation can have significance far beyond the scope of the praśnavidyā.

There are two topics involved with Ānayana (“reckoning”):

  1. kāla-ānayana-prakaraṇa (on reckoning of the time [when the lost or stolen object is found again]);
  2. nakṣatra-ānayana-prakaraṇa (on reckoning of the star involved).
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ānayana (आनयन).—n S Bringing or fetching.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ānayana (आनयन).—n Fetching, bringing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anāyana (अनायन).—a. [na āyanaṃ cālanaṃ yatra] Invariable (ekānta).

--- OR ---

Ānayana (आनयन).—

1) Bringing.

2) Investiture with the sacred thread (cf. upanaya).

Derivable forms: ānayanam (आनयनम्).

See also (synonyms): ānaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānayana (आनयन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bringing. 2. Investiture with the sacred thread. E. āṅ before ṇīñ to get, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānayana (आनयन).—i. e. ā-nī + ana, n. 1. Bringing near, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 12, 27. 2. Escorting, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 48, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānayana (आनयन).—[neuter] bringing towards, back, or about.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ānayana (आनयन):—[=ā-nayana] [from ā-nī] n. bringing, leading near, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] producing, working

3) [v.s. ...] calculating.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ānayana (आनयन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āṇaṇa, Āṇayaṇa, Āṇavaṇa, Āṇāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anayana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ānayana (आनयन) [Also spelled anayan]:—(nm) to bring closer/nearer, to carry towards.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Āṇayaṇa (आणयण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ānayana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ānayana (ಆನಯನ):—

1) [noun] the act of conveying inwards; a bringing.

2) [noun] investitute with the sacred thread.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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