Pratigha: 13 definitions


Pratigha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pratigha (प्रतिघ) refers to “hostility” and represents one of the seven Anuśaya (tendencies of defilement), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “There are seven tendencies of defilement (anuśaya): (1) anuśaya of attachment to pleasure (kāmarāga), (2) anuśaya of hostility (pratigha), (3) anuśaya of attachment to existence (bhāvarāga), (4) anuśaya of pride (māna), (5) anuśaya of ignorance (avidyā), (6) anuśaya of wrong view (dṛṣṭi), (7) anuśaya of doubt (vicikitsā or vimati). These are the seven anuśayas. [...]”

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratigha (प्रतिघ) (Cf. Apratigha) refers to “hostility”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight purities of patience of the Bodhisattvas, which are like open space. What are these eight? (1) the purity of patience without any hostile intent toward all living beings (sarvasatva-apratigha-citta) just as there is no hostile intent in open space; (2) the purity of patience without any attachment just as open space has no desire for profit and honour; (3) the purity of patience which is the equal attitude toward all living beings just as open space is united equally; (4) the purity of unimpaired patience [although] with diminishing body and thought just as open space is unimpaired; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pratigha (प्रतिघ, “repulsion”) refers to one of the “six defilements” (kleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 67). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pratigha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Google Books: Divine Stories

Pratigha (प्रतिघ, “aversion”) refers to one of the “Nine bonds to Existence” (navasaṃyojana).—The term saṃyojana is usually translated as “fetter,” but these nine [e.g., aversion (pratigha)] do not correspond to the standard list of fetters (e.g, ten fetters, five lower fetters, three fetters).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—a. Hostile, adverse.

-ghaḥ 1 Opposition, resistance; उत्प्रतिघा इव द्विषः (utpratighā iva dviṣaḥ) Śāhendra.2.42.

2) Fighting, combat, mutual beating.

3) Anger, wrath; प्रतिघः कुतोऽपि समुपेत्य नरपतिगणं समाश्रयत् (pratighaḥ kuto'pi samupetya narapatigaṇaṃ samāśrayat) Śiśupālavadha 15.53.

4) A Fainting.

5) An enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—generally m., in Lalitavistara 329.22 nt. (Pali paṭigha, according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] m. and nt.; Sanskrit pratigha, m., resistance; [Lex. and a few doubtful literary occurrences] anger), aversion, repugnance, loathing, hostility (hardly anger, at least I find no clear proof for this meaning; but in Mahāvyutpatti 1945, where it follows and seems to contrast with rāgaḥ, Tibetan renders khon khro ba, anger). It is often bracketed and contrasted with anunaya, q.v. for citations; both (= rāga and dveṣa) are evil and must be shunned. Etymolog. gloss Śikṣāsamuccaya 149.5 it is called pratigha because it destroys, pratihanti, roots of merit. One of six kleśa, Dharmasaṃgraha 67 (follows rāgaḥ). Other occurrences (without anunaya): Lalitavistara 11.5; Daśabhūmikasūtra 25.4; Bodhisattvabhūmi 7.16; 161.13; Śikṣāsamuccaya 6.17; 52.9; 251.15; 271.12. See also next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—mfn.

(-ghaḥ-ghā-ghaṃ) Adverse, inimical. m.

(-ghaḥ) 1. Wrath, rage. 2. Mutual beating, combat, fighting. 3. Fainting. 4. An enemy. 5. Opposition. E. prati again, severally, and gha striking.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—i. e. prati and vb. han, m. 1. Opposing, resistance. 2. Rage. 3. Fainting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratigha (प्रतिघ):—[=prati-gha] m. (√han) hindrance, obstruction, resistance, opposition (cf. a-p)

2) [v.s. ...] struggling against ([compound]), [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] anger, wrath, enmity, [Mahāvīra-caritra; Lalita-vistara] (one of the 6 evil passions, [Dharmasaṃgraha 67])

4) [v.s. ...] = mūrchā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] combat, fighting, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] an enemy, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] opposition, contradiction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ):—[prati-gha] (ghaḥ) 1. m. Wrath; combat; fainting; a foe. a. Hostile.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratigha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratigha (ಪ್ರತಿಘ):—

1) [noun] a condemning or being condemned; the act of denouncing or accusing; condemnation.

2) [noun] the act of opposing or an opposed condition.

3) [noun] a mutual, physical fight.

4) [noun] anger; wrath; rage; fury.

5) [noun] an adversery; an enemy.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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