Pratigha: 6 definitions


Pratigha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pratigha (प्रतिघ, “repulsion”) refers to one of the “six defilements” (kleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 67). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pratigha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—a. Hostile, adverse.

-ghaḥ 1 Opposition, resistance; उत्प्रतिघा इव द्विषः (utpratighā iva dviṣaḥ) Śāhendra.2.42.

2) Fighting, combat, mutual beating.

3) Anger, wrath; प्रतिघः कुतोऽपि समुपेत्य नरपतिगणं समाश्रयत् (pratighaḥ kuto'pi samupetya narapatigaṇaṃ samāśrayat) Śi.15.53.

4) A Fainting.

5) An enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—generally m., in Lalitavistara 329.22 nt. (Pali paṭigha, according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] m. and nt.; Sanskrit pratigha, m., resistance; [Lex. and a few doubtful literary occurrences] anger), aversion, repugnance, loathing, hostility (hardly anger, at least I find no clear proof for this meaning; but in Mahāvyutpatti 1945, where it follows and seems to contrast with rāgaḥ, Tibetan renders khon khro ba, anger). It is often bracketed and contrasted with anunaya, q.v. for citations; both (= rāga and dveṣa) are evil and must be shunned. Etymolog. gloss Śikṣāsamuccaya 149.5 it is called pratigha because it destroys, pratihanti, roots of merit. One of six kleśa, Dharmasaṃgraha 67 (follows rāgaḥ). Other occurrences (without anunaya): Lalitavistara 11.5; Daśabhūmikasūtra 25.4; Bodhisattvabhūmi 7.16; 161.13; Śikṣāsamuccaya 6.17; 52.9; 251.15; 271.12. See also next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—mfn.

(-ghaḥ-ghā-ghaṃ) Adverse, inimical. m.

(-ghaḥ) 1. Wrath, rage. 2. Mutual beating, combat, fighting. 3. Fainting. 4. An enemy. 5. Opposition. E. prati again, severally, and gha striking.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—i. e. prati and vb. han, m. 1. Opposing, resistance. 2. Rage. 3. Fainting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratigha (प्रतिघ):—[=prati-gha] m. (√han) hindrance, obstruction, resistance, opposition (cf. a-p)

2) [v.s. ...] struggling against ([compound]), [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] anger, wrath, enmity, [Mahāvīra-caritra; Lalita-vistara] (one of the 6 evil passions, [Dharmasaṃgraha 67])

4) [v.s. ...] = mūrchā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] combat, fighting, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] an enemy, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] opposition, contradiction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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