Pratigha: 12 definitions
Pratigha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Pratigha (प्रतिघ) refers to “hostility” and represents one of the seven Anuśaya (tendencies of defilement), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “There are seven tendencies of defilement (anuśaya): (1) anuśaya of attachment to pleasure (kāmarāga), (2) anuśaya of hostility (pratigha), (3) anuśaya of attachment to existence (bhāvarāga), (4) anuśaya of pride (māna), (5) anuśaya of ignorance (avidyā), (6) anuśaya of wrong view (dṛṣṭi), (7) anuśaya of doubt (vicikitsā or vimati). These are the seven anuśayas. [...]”Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Pratigha (प्रतिघ) (Cf. Apratigha) refers to “hostility”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight purities of patience of the Bodhisattvas, which are like open space. What are these eight? (1) the purity of patience without any hostile intent toward all living beings (sarvasatva-apratigha-citta) just as there is no hostile intent in open space; (2) the purity of patience without any attachment just as open space has no desire for profit and honour; (3) the purity of patience which is the equal attitude toward all living beings just as open space is united equally; (4) the purity of unimpaired patience [although] with diminishing body and thought just as open space is unimpaired; [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Pratigha (प्रतिघ, “repulsion”) refers to one of the “six defilements” (kleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 67). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pratigha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—a. Hostile, adverse.
-ghaḥ 1 Opposition, resistance; उत्प्रतिघा इव द्विषः (utpratighā iva dviṣaḥ) Śāhendra.2.42.
2) Fighting, combat, mutual beating.
3) Anger, wrath; प्रतिघः कुतोऽपि समुपेत्य नरपतिगणं समाश्रयत् (pratighaḥ kuto'pi samupetya narapatigaṇaṃ samāśrayat) Śiśupālavadha 15.53.
4) A Fainting.
5) An enemy.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—generally m., in Lalitavistara 329.22 nt. (Pali paṭigha, according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] m. and nt.; Sanskrit pratigha, m., resistance; [Lex. and a few doubtful literary occurrences] anger), aversion, repugnance, loathing, hostility (hardly anger, at least I find no clear proof for this meaning; but in Mahāvyutpatti 1945, where it follows and seems to contrast with rāgaḥ, Tibetan renders khon khro ba, anger). It is often bracketed and contrasted with anunaya, q.v. for citations; both (= rāga and dveṣa) are evil and must be shunned. Etymolog. gloss Śikṣāsamuccaya 149.5 it is called pratigha because it destroys, pratihanti, roots of merit. One of six kleśa, Dharmasaṃgraha 67 (follows rāgaḥ). Other occurrences (without anunaya): Lalitavistara 11.5; Daśabhūmikasūtra 25.4; Bodhisattvabhūmi 7.16; 161.13; Śikṣāsamuccaya 6.17; 52.9; 251.15; 271.12. See also next.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ghaḥ-ghā-ghaṃ) Adverse, inimical. m.
(-ghaḥ) 1. Wrath, rage. 2. Mutual beating, combat, fighting. 3. Fainting. 4. An enemy. 5. Opposition. E. prati again, severally, and gha striking.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratigha (प्रतिघ).—i. e. prati and vb. han, m. 1. Opposing, resistance. 2. Rage. 3. Fainting.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pratigha (प्रतिघ):—[=prati-gha] m. (√han) hindrance, obstruction, resistance, opposition (cf. a-p)
2) [v.s. ...] struggling against ([compound]), [Caraka]
3) [v.s. ...] anger, wrath, enmity, [Mahāvīra-caritra; Lalita-vistara] (one of the 6 evil passions, [Dharmasaṃgraha 67])
4) [v.s. ...] = mūrchā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] combat, fighting, [Horace H. Wilson]
6) [v.s. ...] an enemy, [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] opposition, contradiction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratigha (प्रतिघ):—[prati-gha] (ghaḥ) 1. m. Wrath; combat; fainting; a foe. a. Hostile.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a condemning or being condemned; the act of denouncing or accusing; condemnation.
2) [noun] the act of opposing or an opposed condition.
3) [noun] a mutual, physical fight.
4) [noun] anger; wrath; rage; fury.
5) [noun] an adversery; an enemy.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Pratighacitta, Pratighanushaya, Pratighaprahana, Pratighat, Pratighata, Pratighataka, Pratighatakoshtaka, Pratighatakrit, Pratighatana, Pratighatasamarthya, Pratighatavid, Pratighatay, Pratighataya, Pratighatin.
Full-text (+20): Apratigha, Nishpratigha, Anunayapratighaprahana, Pratighata, Pratighataya, Pratighataka, Pratighatavid, Pratighna, Pratighatakrit, Pratighatana, Pratighatin, Sapratigha, Anusaya, Anunaya, Klesha, Samyojana, Pratihan, Six Defilements, Mana, Aghata.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Pratigha, Prati-gha; (plurals include: Pratighas, ghas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Introduction (the world of transmigration) < [The world of transmigration]
5. The four ‘vilokanas’ and the entry into the womb < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
I. Seeing and hearing all the Buddhas < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
Yoga-sutras (Ancient and Modern Interpretations) (by Makarand Gopal Newalkar)
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)