Mrigendra, Mṛgēndra, Mṛgendra, Mriga-indra: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Mrigendra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛgēndra and Mṛgendra can be transliterated into English as Mrgendra or Mrigendra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Mrigendra in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., mṛgendra) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Mrigendra in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र) refers to “lions”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Hear now the effects of the heliacal rising of Canopus (Agastya), a star sacred to Agastya who suppressed the Vindhya mountains whose soaring heights obstructed the course of the Sun; to which the pictured robes of the Vidyādhara females leaning for support on their lord’s arms and flying aloft in the sky formed beautiful flowing flags; whose caves were the abodes of lions which, having drunk of the perfumed blood of elephants in rut had their mouths covered with bees that looked like so many black flowers, and from which [i.e., mṛgendra] caves issued rivers; [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mrigendra in Shaktism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र) refers to the “king of wild animals” (e.g., ‘lion’), according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I honour Padmā, [beautiful and tender like] a lotus plant. Her eyes are lotus-like and she dwells in a bed of lotuses. Her four arms look splendid with two lotuses [in two hands] and the gestures of grace and safety [in two others]. May the virgin goddess Durgā annihilate my hardships, I pray. Her hands are marked by the conch and discus. She has curly locks and rides [a lion,] the king of wild animals (mṛgendra-vāhanā). [...]

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity

Mṛgendra (r. 12-9 BCE) or Mṛgendra Śātakarṇi is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (e.g., Mṛgendra Śātakarṇi) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Mṛgendra Śātakarṇi was preceded by Skandasvāti and succeeded by Kuntala Śātakarṇi.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrigendra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛgēndra (मृगेंद्र).—m (S Chief of beasts.) Poetical terms for the lion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛgēndra (मृगेंद्र).—m A lion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrigendra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र).—

1) a lion; ततो मृगेन्द्रस्य मृगेन्द्रगामी (tato mṛgendrasya mṛgendragāmī) R.2.3.

2) a tiger.

3) the sign Leo of the zodiac. °आसनम् (āsanam) a throne. °आस्यः (āsyaḥ) an epithet of Śiva. °चटकः (caṭakaḥ) a hawk.

Derivable forms: mṛgendraḥ (मृगेन्द्रः).

Mṛgendra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛga and indra (इन्द्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र).—m.

(-ndraḥ) A lion. E. mṛga an animal, indra lord, master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र).—[masculine] = mṛgādhipa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a Śaiva teacher, and as a neuter a Tantra. Quoted by Rāmakaṇṭha in Nareśvaraparīkṣāprakāśa, and by Sāyaṇa in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha.
—[commentary] by Nārāyaṇakaṇṭha Bhaṭṭa. Taylor. 1, 69. 460. Oppert. Ii, 9744.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र):—[from mṛga > mṛg] m. ‘king of beasts’, a lion, [Bhagavad-gītā; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the sign Leo, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] a tiger, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] metre, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] a house lying to the south (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

8) [v.s. ...] n. ([probably]) Name of Mṛgendra’s [work]

9) [v.s. ...] of a Tantra

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र):—(ndraḥ) 1. m. A lion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mṛgendra (मृगेन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maiṃda, Māiṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mrigendra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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