Mrinala, Mṛṇāla: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mrinala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛṇāla can be transliterated into English as Mrnala or Mrinala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल) is a Sanskrit word referring to the leaf-stalk of a water-lily (a species of plant from the Nymphaeaceae family of flowering plants). It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Nymphaea stellata (synonym: Nymphaea nouchali) and is commonly referred to in English as the “blue lotus” or the “blue star water lily” among others. It is also referred to as the “celestial lotus”.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल) refers to “lotus-fibres”, mentioned in verse 3.34-36 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, [...] (and which is) covered with the shoots and fruit-pendants of mango-trees; (or) on a couch (which is) prepared from tender banana-leaves, white nymphaeas, lotus-fibres [mṛṇāla], nelumbos, and blue nymphaeas, (and) in which (are found) opening buds and sprouts: (there) one shall sleep at noon when pained by the heat of the sun; or in a bath-house”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल) refers to “lotus fibres”, and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., mṛṇāla (lotus fibres)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bhadramusta (a kind of cyperus)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल) [or Mṛṇāḷa] is another name for “Padma” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mṛṇāla] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—n m S The stalk of the lotus. Ex. mṛṇā- lāsī tatvatā || bāndhīla kaisā airāvata ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—n m The stalk of the lotus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—[mṛṇa-kālan] The fibrous root of a lotus, a lotus-fibre; भङ्गेऽपि हि मृणालानामनुबध्नन्ति तन्तवः (bhaṅge'pi hi mṛṇālānāmanubadhnanti tantavaḥ) H.1.91; सूत्रं मृणालादिव राजहंसी (sūtraṃ mṛṇālādiva rājahaṃsī) V.1.19; Ṛs.1.19; V.3.13.

-lam The root of a fragrant grass (vīraṇamūla).

Derivable forms: mṛṇālaḥ (मृणालः), mṛṇālam (मृणालम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—name of a libertine, former incarnation of Śākyamuni: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.213.13 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) The film or fibres attached to the stalk of a lotus. n.

(-laṃ) The root of a fragrant grass, (Andropogon muricatum.) “vīraṇamūle”. f. (-lī) A small fibre in the stalk of the water-lily. E. mṛṇ to hurt, Unadi aff. kālan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—I. m. and n. The stalk of a lotus, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 19. Ii. m., and f. , A small fibre of a lotus, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 54 (ºla); [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 15, 16 (ºlī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛṇāla (मृणाल).—[neuter] ī [feminine] lotus-root or fibre; poss. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛṇāla (मृणाल):—[from mṛṇ] n. (also m. [gana] ardharcādi; and f(ī). , [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 117 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) ‘liable to be crushed’, the edible fibrous root of some kinds of lotus (f. according to some ‘a smaller root’), a lotus-fibre, fibre attached to the stalk of a water-lily, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. the root of Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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