Mainaka, aka: Maināka; 8 Definition(s)


Mainaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Mainaka in Itihasa glossaries]

Maināka (मैनाक) refers to the name of a Mountain or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Maināka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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[Mainaka in Purana glossaries]

Maināka (मैनाक).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Maināka (मैनाक).—General information. A mountain. This mountain was the son of Himavān and father of Krauñca. (Śloka 13, Chapter 18, Harivaṃśa). How the mountain helped Hanūmān. There is an unbreakable tie between Maināka and the Kings of Ikṣvāku family. There is a story in Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa that the sāgara (ocean) was constructed by the sixty thousand sons of the King Sagara of Ikṣvāku family. This sāgara once gave refuge to Maināka and brought it up. There is a reason for that:—In the early yugas mountains had wings and they used to fly and drop to the ground as they liked. People used to live in fright always and at the request of the people Indra made the mountains stand in a row and cut off their wings. At that time the god Vāyu (wind) took away his friend Maināka and put him in the ocean. From that day onwards Maināka and the ocean developed an intimacy which even death could not wipe off. Hanūmān was the son of Vāyu, the friend and saviour of Maināka. It was because of that that Maināka gave refuge for Hanūmān on his way to Laṅkā. Because the ocean gave refuge to Maināka after its escape from the sword of Indra and because the ocean (Sāgara) was the creation of the sons of Sagara, a King of the Ikṣvāku race, Maināka felt indebted to Sagara and the entire race to which he belonged. Maināka thus had great respect for Śrī Rāma who belonged to the Ikṣvāku race. This was also responsible for Maināka giving relief to Hanūmān on his way to Laṅkā. (See under Parvata). Other details.

(i) This mountain is situated near the lake Bindusarovara which was to the north of Kailāsa. Bhagīratha did penance to bring Gaṅgā to the earth on this mountain. (Chapter 3, Sabhā Parva).

(ii) Pāṇḍavas who went to the north crossed the mountain Maināka and went further. (Śloka 1, Chapter 139, Vana Parva).

(iii) The mountain Maināka shines with golden peaks. (Śloka 44, Chapter 145, Vana Parva). (See full article at Story of Maināka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Maināka (मैनाक).—A holy place on the west coast on the banks of the river Narmadā. This is also on a mountain. (Śloka 11, Chapter 89, Vana Parva).

3) Maināka (मैनाक).—Another mountain. (This is in Krauñcadyīpa. (Śloka 18, Chapter 12, Bhīṣma Parva).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Maināka (मैनाक).—(Mt.) in Bhāratavarṣa; son of Himavān and Menā; father of Krauñca hill; sacred for śrāddha and to Pitṛs; of Indra; famous for medicinal herbs.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 34-5; 16. 21; III. 9. 3; 10. 7; 13. 70; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 7; 121. 72; 162. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 32; 45. 90; 47. 75; 71. 4; 72. 5; 77. 68.

1b) The continent about the Āmbikeya hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 25.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Mainaka in Katha glossaries]

Maināka (मैनाक) or Mainākaparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 54. Accordingly, as four heavenly figures said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is in the midst of the great sea a great, prosperous and splendid island, which is called the island of Nārikela, and is renowned in the world for its beauty. And in it there are four mountains with splendid expanses of land, named Maināka, Vṛṣabha, Cakra and Balāhaka; in those four we four live”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Maināka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Mainaka in Hinduism glossaries]

Mainaka (मैनक): Another mountain, well wooded and full of fruits and roots, Hanumana coursed through the air while searchin Sita.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Maināka (मैनाक).—This mountain was the son of Himavan during the Satya-yuga, when mountains had wings. Its wings were clipped, and it was placed in the ocean by Indra.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mainaka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Maināka (मैनाक).—[menakāyāṃ bhavaḥ aṇ] Name of a mountain, son of Himālaya and Menā, who alone retained his wings (when Indra clipped those of other mountains) on account of his friendship with the ocean; cf. Ku.1.2; चिरं जलनिधौ मग्नो मैनाक इव मार्दवम् (ciraṃ jalanidhau magno maināka iva mārdavam) Bv.

Derivable forms: mainākaḥ (मैनाकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 32 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mainākaparvata (मैनाकपर्वत) or simply Maināka is the name of a mountain situated on the island ...
Mainākasvasṛ (मैनाकस्वसृ).—f. epithet of Pārvatī.Mainākasvasṛ is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
1) Cakra (चक्र) or Cakraparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, as m...
Parvata (पर्वत) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synon...
1) Krauñca (क्रौञ्च).—An Asura. In Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 57 it is mentioned that this Asura wa...
Kailāśa temple is an example of a monolithic temple (shrines carved from top to bottom out of o...
1) Devadatta (देवदत्त).—A famous brahmin boy whose story is described in the Kathāsaritsāgara.D...
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1) Menā (मेना).—Wife of Himavān. Beautiful Menā was the daughter of Mahāmeru.Himavān lord of th...
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) or Vṛṣabhaparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, as ...
Himavān (हिमवान्).—(THE HIMĀLAYAS). General. The great mountain on the northern borders of Indi...
Nārikela (नारिकेल) or Nārikeladvīpa is the name of an island, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāg...
Balāhaka (बलाहक) or Balāhakaparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, ...
1) Hiraṇyanābha (हिरण्यनाभ).—A King born in the solar dynasty. He was the son of Vidhṛti and th...

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